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Pont sur la Laye

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Pont sur la Laye

Pont sur la Laye
Pont sur la Laye
Locale Mane, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France
Design Segmental arch bridge
Material Stone
Total length 40 m
Width 3.2 m
Longest span 11.40 m
Number of spans 3
Construction end Roman or Romanesque period
Pont sur la Laye is located in France
Pont sur la Laye
Pont sur la Laye

The Pont sur la Laye or Pont roman de Mane (English: Romanesque Bridge of Mane) is an old stone arch bridge across the stream Laye in the French Provence close to the town Mane.

Construction

The 40 m long and 3.2 m wide bridge features three segmental arches with a span to rise ratio of up to c. 3:1.[1] Its spans are 2.80 m, 7.90 m and 11.40;[2] the thickness of the two larger arch ribs is between one and two Roman feet,[3] making the structure one of the few Roman bridges whose ratio for rib thickness to span is lower than the commonly applied ancient standard of 1:20.[3]

The bridge was built of local limestone whose shape varies according to its function: the arches consist of voussoirs, the spandrel walls of irregular stonework.[4] The main pier is protected both upstream and downstream by large triangular cutwaters out of rectangular blocks of stone.[4] The paved roadway rises sharply from the left bank to the main arch, and then drops in a gentler gradient to the higher bank on the other side.[4] The parapet, which has been reported as partly removed by O’Connor in 1993, has been apparently repaired in the meantime.[2]

Dating

According to the Italian bridge builder Gazzola, the Pont sur la Laye dates from the end of the 1st or beginning of the 2nd century AD,[4] thus belonging to a round dozen known Roman segmental arch bridges.[1] Structurae, though, ascribes an early Romanesque origin to the structure (11th century).[2] Following the Mane homepage, the two side arches, along with their breakwaters, were added as late as the 17th century,[5] which means that the segmental arches are of a relatively late date.

Notes

  1. ^ a b O’Connor 1993, p. 171
  2. ^ a b c s0007933 at Structurae
  3. ^ a b O’Connor 1993, p. 169 (Fig. 140)
  4. ^ a b c d O’Connor 1993, p. 96
  5. ^ Homepage of the town of Mane

Sources

  • O’Connor, Colin (1993), Roman Bridges, Cambridge University Press, pp. 96 (G4), 169, 171,  

See also

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Pont sur la Laye at Structurae
  • Traianus – Technical investigation of Roman public works

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