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Port of Klaipėda

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Port of Klaipėda

The port of Klaipėda handled more than 31 million tons of cargo in 2010

The Port of Klaipėda is a seaport located in Klaipėda, Lithuania. It is one of the few ice-free ports in northernmost Europe, and the largest in Lithuania. It serves as a port of call for cruise ships as well as freight transport.

History

The city of Klaipėda has been involved in maritime trade since as early as the 13th century, and probably during prehistoric times, since it is located on the Amber Road. For several centuries its administration and its merchants defended the port and competed with the Port of Danzig and the Port of Königsberg. It was heavily fortified. At the beginning of the 19th century the port was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Lithuania. Before World War I, the major cargo was timber. During the 20th century, mineral and cellulose enterprises were established in Lithuania, and became port commodities. Infrastructures supporting the fishing and shipbuilding industries were also built.

Current operations

In 1991, after Lithuanian independence was declared, the Klaipėda State Seaport Authority was founded. It administers the port and supports its integration into the larger scheme of Lithuanian transport. The Port Authority is responsible for the maintenance, reconstruction and modernisation of the port infrastructure, while loading and unloading operations are managed by separate independent terminals. The port's land and infrastructure belong to the state, but some privatisization is underway.

The Port of Klaipėda is the most northerly ice-free port in the Eastern part of the Baltic Sea. The port can accommodate ships of up to 250 meters in length with draughts of up to 13.5 meters. The port is served by two railway stations, and highways link Klaipėda to Moscow via Kaunas, Vilnius, and Minsk.

In 1997, 16.13 million tons of cargo were handled at the port, increasing to over 31 million tons in 2010. About 321,000 international passengers transhipped the port of Klaipėda in 2010, on ferries servicing Kiel and Mukran in Germany, Åhus in Sweden, and Copenhagen and Fredericia in Denmark. The port of Klaipėda is also the leading port among the Baltics by handling of containers (382 th. of TEU in 2011).

The World Bank is sponsoring improvements at the port:

The following table is a snapshot of ships within the port on December 9, 2006.

See also

References

  • The Port of Klaipėda official website
  • About the Port of Klaipėda
  • Maps and layouts of the port
  • 2001 Port Improvements
  • The World Bank project at Klaipėda, December 2006
  • Transportation statistics in Lithuania
  • Ferries from Germany to Klaipeda - DFDS LISCO GmbH (Germany)
  • AB DFDS LISCO (Lithuania)

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