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Potatoes of Chiloé

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Title: Potatoes of Chiloé  
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Subject: Agriculture in Chile, Chilote cap, Chapalele, Chilean cuisine, Chilotan architecture
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Potatoes of Chiloé

A selection of Chiloé's ~400 native varieties of potatoes.

The Chiloé Archipelago is home to wide variety of potatoes. After the Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia, it is the geographical nucleus where most different types of potatoes are found. Evidence ranging from historical records, local agriculturalists, and DNA analyses strongly supports the hypothesis that the most widely cultivated variety of potato worldwide, Solanum tuberosum tuberosum, is indigenous to Chiloé Archipelago and has been cultivated by the local indigenous people since before the Spanish conquest.[1][2] Some local varieties include Camota, Cielo, Pachacoña, Cabrita, Chelina, Guadacho Colorada, Zapatona, Michuñe Azul, Huicaña and Ñocha.

References

  1. ^ , July 2007Electronic Journal of BiotechnologyMolecular description and similarity relationships among native germplasm potatoes (Solanum tuberosum ssp. tuberosum L.) using morphological data and AFLP markers, Jaime Solano Solis et al.,
  2. ^ Using DNA, scientists hunt for the roots of the modern potato



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