Precursor B acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia
Classification and external resources
ICD-O: MeSH D015452

Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia is a form of lymphoid leukemia in which too many B-cell lymphoblasts (immature white blood cells) are found in the blood and bone marrow. It is the most common type of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It is sometimes additionally classified as a lymphoma, as designated leukemia/lymphoma.

It consists of the following subtypes:[1]

  • t(9;22)-BCR/ ABL
  • t(v;11q23)-MLL rearrangement
  • t(1;19)-E2A/PBX1
  • t(12;21)-ETV/ CBFα
  • t(17;19)-E2A-HLF

Molecular Mechanisms

One interesting model of precursor B ALL shows aberrant function of a single gene, namely Pax5, as capable to change phenotype of B cells toward precursor cells.[2][3]

References

 This article incorporates "Dictionary of Cancer Terms".

External links

  • Precursor B-lymphoblastic leukemia entry in the public domain NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
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