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President of Moldova

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Title: President of Moldova  
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Subject: Alliance for European Integration, Marian Lupu, Mihai Ghimpu, Nicolae Timofti, Politics of Moldova
Collection: Lists of Presidents, Moldova-Related Lists, Presidents of Moldova
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President of Moldova

President of Moldova
Incumbent
Nicolae Timofti

since 23 March 2012
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence Presidential Palace,
Condrița
Appointer Parliament of Moldova
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Mircea Snegur
Formation September 3, 1990
Website .md.presedintewww
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions

The President of the Republic of Moldova is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is Nicolae Timofti, who assumed office on 23 March 2012.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Acting president 2
  • Suspension from office 3
  • Vacancy 4
  • List of Presidents of Moldova 5
    • Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918) 5.1
    • Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991) 5.2
      • Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet 5.2.1
      • First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party 5.2.2
      • Chairman of the Supreme Soviet 5.2.3
    • Republic of Moldova (1991–present) 5.3
  • Residence 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8

Description

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation. The President is indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must get at least 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms. Nicolae Timofti was elected President by the Parliament on 16 March, 2012.

Acting president

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from office

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.

Vacancy

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.

List of Presidents of Moldova

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)

Party
      Bessarabian Peasants' Party
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Ion Inculeț December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist Party

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Party
      PCM
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur 27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)

Parties

      PDAM       PCRM       PL       PLDM       PDM       Independent

Status
  Acting President
Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
1 Mircea Snegur 3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent
2 Petru Lucinschi 15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova
3 Vladimir Voronin 7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists
Mihai Ghimpu
(acting)
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Vlad Filat
(acting)
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
Marian Lupu
(acting)
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4 Nicolae Timofti 23 March 2012 Incumbent Independent

Residence

The President Palace is located in Condrița, Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR.

See also

External links

  • Official website of the President of Moldova
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