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President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania

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Title: President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania  
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President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania

President of the
Chamber of Deputies of Romania
Coat of arms of the Chamber of Deputies
Incumbent
Valeriu Zgonea

since 3 July 2012
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder Mitropolitul Nifon (1862)
Dan Marţian (1990)
Formation 1862
1990
Succession Second
Website www.cdep.ro/presedinte

The President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania is the deputy elected to preside over the meetings in the lower chamber of the Parliament of Romania. He (or she) is also the president of the Standing Bureau of the Chamber of Deputies, and the second person in the presidential line of succession, after the President of the Senate.

Election

The President of the Chamber of Deputies is elected by secret ballot with the majority of votes of the deputies. If none of the candidates receives the absolute majority of votes, the first two compete again in a second ballot, and the one with most of the votes wins.

Role

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania
  • calls the Chamber of Deputies into ordinary or extraordinary session
  • presides the Chamber's meetings
  • represents the Chamber of Deputies in the relation with the President, the Senate, the Government and the Constitutional Court
  • represents the Chamber of Deputies in the foreign relations
  • succeeds (ad interim) the President of Romania if the President of the Senate cannot do so. (He/she continues to be President of the Chamber of Deputies during the ad-interim presidency of the country and acts as President until a new president is elected.)

History

1862–1948

Between 1862 and 1948 the lower house was called Assembly of Deputies (Romanian: Adunarea Deputaților). In 1946, the Senate was abolished by a Governmental amendment to the 1923 Constitution, and the Parliament became unicameral.

1948–1989

The Legislative was called Great National Assembly (Romanian: Marea Adunare Naţională).

1990–1992

The Legislative became bicameral again, and the lower house was called again Assembly of Deputies (Romanian: Adunarea Deputaţilor), as part of the Constituent Assembly (Romanian: Adunarea Constituantǎ), elected together with the Senate to form both the Legislative body and the body elected to write the new Constitution. The Assembly was headed by an elected President.

1992–present

After the Constitution was voted, the Assembly changed the name in Chamber of Deputies (Romanian: Camera Deputaţilor), headed by a President.

List of officeholders

The political stance of presidents of the lower house prior to the development of a modern party system is given by:

     C (Conservative)      MC (Moderate Conservative)
     RL (Radical Liberal)      ML (Moderate Liberal)

The political stance of presidents of the lower house after the development of a modern party system is given by:

     PNL = National Liberal Party      PC = Conservative Party
     PNR = Romanian National Party      PP = People's Party
     PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party      PNŢ = National Peasants' Party
     PND = Democratic Nationalist Party      PNC = National Christian Party
     FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
     FP = Ploughmen's Front
     PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
     FSN = National Salvation Front
     PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
     PNŢCD = Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
     PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party      PD-L = Democratic Liberal Party
(until 2008 PD; Democratic Party)
     Mil. = Military      Ind. = Independent

Interim (acting) officeholders are denoted by italics. The Rule of the Chamber of Deputies states that at the first standing of the house, the meeting is headed by the eldest senator and helped by the youngest senator. Those bear the title of Interim President of the Senate, and, as their term is very short (one or two days) are not listed. The interim officeholders listed have hold the office in different circumstances and for a longer time.

# Name Portrait Born–Died Took office Left office Party

Assembly of Deputies 1862–1947

1 Metropolitan-primate Nifon Rusailă 1789–1875 24 January 1862 2 May 1864 Ind.
2 Alexandru Emanoil Florescu 29 December 1864 25 June 1865 C
3 Emanoil Costache Epureanu 1823–1880 12 December 1865 3 January 1866 C
4 Nicolae Catargiu 9 January 1866 12 February 1866 C
(3) Emanoil Costache Epureanu 1823–1880 9 May 1866 6 July 1866 C
5 Lascăr Catargiu 1823–1899 12 December 1866 1 November 1867 C
6 Anastasie Fătu 1816–1886 15 January 1868 15 November 1868 RL
7 Ion C. Brătianu 1821–1891 18 November 1868 29 January 1869 RL
8 Costache Negri 1812–1876 8 May 1869 17 November 1869 ML
9 Grigore Balş 20 November 1869 1 May 1870 MC
10 Gheorghe Costa-Foru 1820–1876 2 July 1870 3 February 1871 C
11 Nicolae Pǎcleanu 5 February 1871 16 March 1871 RL
12 Dimitrie Ghica 1816–1897 26 May 1871 17 February 1876 C
13 Constantin N. Brăiloiu 18 February 1876 3 May 1876 C
14 Constantin A. Rosetti 1816–1885 25 June 1876 26 May 1878 PNL
15 Gheorghe Vernescu 6 June 1878 15 November 1878 PNL
(14) Constantin A. Rosetti 1816–1885 17 November 1878 9 June 1881 PNL
16 Dimitrie Brătianu 1818–1892 9 June 1881 21 October 1882 PNL
17 Dimitrie Lecca 1832–1888 21 October 1882 5 March 1883 PNL
(14) Constantin A. Rosetti 1816–1885 16 May 1883 17 October 1883 PNL
(17) Dimitrie Lecca 1832–1888 19 October 1883 4 July 1888 PNL
(5) Lascăr Catargiu 1823–1899 10 November 1888 14 January 1889 PC
18 Constantin Grǎdişteanu 1833–1890 19 January 1889 16 November 1889 PC
19 Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino 1833–1913 16 November 1889 22 February 1891 PC
20 Gheorghe Rosnovanu 3 May 1891 11 December 1891 PC
21 Gheorghe Manu 1833–1911 26 February 1892 24 October 1895 PC
22 Petre S. Aurelian 1833–1909 9 December 1895 21 November 1896 PNL
23 Dimitrie Gianni 1838–1902 23 November 1896 21 April 1899 PNL
24 Constantin P. Olǎnescu 1845–1928 13 June 1899 21 September 1900 PC
(19) Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino 1833–1913 25 September 1900 14 February 1901 PC
25 Mihail Pherekyde 1842–1926 24 March 1901 9 December 1904 PNL
26 Ştefan Şendrea 9 December 1904 23 December 1904 PNL
27 Grigore Trandafil 25 February 1905 23 February 1907 PC
28 Constantin Cantacuzino-Paşcanu 26 February 1907 26 April 1907 PC
(25) Mihail Pherekyde 1842–1926 8 June 1907 15 December 1909 PNL
29 Basile M. Missir 1843–1929 15 December 1909 16 February 1910 PNL
(25) Mihail Pherekyde 1842–1926 16 February 1910 10 January 1911 PNL
(24) Constantin P. Olǎnescu 1845–1928 8 March 1911 17 October 1912 PC
(28) Constantin Cantacuzino-Paşcanu 1 December 1912 11 January 1914 PCD
(25) Mihail Pherekyde 1842–1926 21 February 1914 11 December 1916 PNL
30 Vasile C. Morţun 11 December 1916 25 April 1918 PNL
31 Constantin Meissner 1854–1942 5 June 1918 5 November 1918 PCP
32 Alexandru Vaida-Voevod 1872–1950 28 November 1919 1 December 1919 PNR
33 Nicolae Iorga 1871–1940 9 December 1919 26 March 1920 PND
34 Duiliu Zamfirescu 1858–1922 30 June 1920 22 January 1922 PP
35 Mihail G. Orleanu 1859–1942 6 April 1922 27 March 1926 PNL
36 Petre P. Negulescu 1872–1951 10 July 1926 5 June 1927 PP
37 Nicolae Sǎveanu 30 July 1927 10 November 1928 PNL
38 Ştefan Cico Pop 1865–1934 23 December 1928 30 April 1931 PNŢ
39 Dimitrie Pompeiu 1873–1954 20 June 1931 10 June 1932 PND
(38) Stefan Cicio Pop 1865–1934 10 August 1932 18 November 1933 PNŢ
(37) Nicolae Sǎveanu 10 February 1934 19 November 1937 PNL
(32) Alexandru Vaida-Voevod 1872–1950 9 June 1939 5 September 1940 FRN
40 Mihail Sadoveanu 1880–1961 5 December 1946 24 February 1948 BPD

Great National Assembly 1948–1989

41 Gheorghe Apostol 1913–2010 7 April 1948 11 June 1948 PMR
42 Constantin Agiu 1891–1961 11 June 1948 27 December 1948 PMR
43 Constantin Pârvulescu 1895–1992 27 December 1948 5 July 1949 PMR
44 Dumitru Petrescu 1906–1969 5 July 1949 28 December 1949 PMR
45 Alexandru Drǎghici 1913–1993 28 December 1949 26 January 1950 PMR
(44) Dumitru Petrescu 1906–1969 26 January 1950 29 May 1950 PMR
46 Constantin Doncea 1904–1973 29 May 1950 6 September 1950 PMR
(41) Gheorghe Apostol 1913–2010 6 September 1950 5 April 1951 PMR
47 Ion Vincze 1910–1996 5 April 1951 26 March 1952 PMR
(41) Gheorghe Apostol 1913–2010 26 March 1952 6 June 1952 PMR
48 Gheorghe Stoica 1900–1976 2 June 1952 30 November 1952 PMR
(43) Constantin Pârvulescu 1895–1992 23 January 1953 5 March 1961 PMR
49 Ştefan Voitec 1900–1984 20 March 1961 28 March 1974 PMR/PCR
50 Miron Constantinescu 1917–1974 28 March 1974 18 July 1974 PCR
51 Nicolae Giosan 1921–1990 26 July 1974 22 December 1989 PCR

Assembly of Deputies 1990–1992

52 Dan Marţian 1935–2002 19 June 1990 16 October 1992 FSN

Chamber of Deputies since 1992

53 Adrian Năstase 1950– 28 October 1992 22 November 1996 FDSN/PDSR
54 Ion Diaconescu 1917–2011 27 November 1996 30 November 2000 PNŢCD
55 Valer Dorneanu 1944– 15 December 2000 30 November 2004 PDSR/PSD
(53) Adrian Năstase 1950– 19 December 2004 16 March 2006 PSD
56 Bogdan Olteanu 1971– 20 March 2006 13 December 2008 PNL
57 Roberta Anastase 1976– 19 December 2008 3 July 2012 PD-L
58 Valeriu Zgonea 1967– 3 July 2012 19 December 2012 PSD
19 December 2012 Incumbent

References

  • President's page on the Chamber of Deputies website (Romanian)
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