World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

President of the Council (France)

Article Id: WHEBN0012811603
Reproduction Date:

Title: President of the Council (France)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans, Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Victor de Broglie (1785–1870), Casimir, France in the long nineteenth century, Far-right leagues, Third Force (France)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

President of the Council (France)

Prime Minister of the
French Republic
Premier Ministre
Naval jack of the Prime Minister
150px
Logo of the French Government
Style
Excellency
Member of Cabinet
Council of State
Reports to President of the Republic
and to Parliament
Residence Hôtel Matignon
Seat Paris, France
Appointer President of the Republic
Term length No fixed term
Remains in office while commanding the confidence of the National Assembly and the President of the Republic
Constituting instrument Constitution of 4 October 1958
Precursor Several incarnations since the Ancien Régime
Formation 1958
First holder Michel Debré
Salary 14 910 euros/month
Website

The Prime Minister of France (French: Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government and of the Council of Ministers of France.[1] During the Third and Fourth Republics, the head of government position was called President of the Council of Ministers (French: Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (French: Président du Conseil).

The Prime Minister proposes the list of other ministers to the President of the Republic. Decrees and decisions of the Prime Minister, like almost all executive decisions, are subject to the oversight of the administrative court system. Few decrees are taken after advice from the Council of State (French: Conseil d'État).

All prime ministers defend the programs of their ministry, and make budgetary choices. The extent to which those decisions lie with the Prime Minister or President depends upon whether they are of the same party.

Nomination

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic. The President can choose whomever he wants — this is in contrast with parliamentary systems in which the head of state has to appoint the leader of the largest party in the legislature — and in fact, only a handful of prime ministers were the leader of their own party upon taking office. Likewise, while prime ministers are usually chosen from amongst the ranks of the National Assembly, on rare occasions the President has selected a non-officeholder because of their experience in bureaucracy or foreign service, or their success in business management — Dominique de Villepin, for example, served as Prime Minister from 2005 to 2007 without ever having held an elected office.

On the other hand, because the National Assembly does have the power to force the resignation of the government, the choice of prime minister must reflect the majority in the Assembly. For example, right after the legislative election of 1986, President François Mitterrand appointed Jacques Chirac as prime minister, Chirac was a member of the RPR and a political opponent of Mitterrand's, and despite the fact the Mitterrand's own Socialist Party was still the largest party in the Assembly, the RPR had an ally in the UDF, which gave them a majority. Such a situation, where the President is forced to work with a prime minister who is an opponent is called a cohabitation.

So far, Édith Cresson is the only woman to have ever held the position of prime minister.[2]

Role

According to article 21 of the Constitution,[3] the Prime Minister "shall direct the actions of the Government"; in addition, article 20[3] stipulates that the Government "shall determine and conduct the policy of the Nation". Other members of Government are appointed by the President "on the recommendation of the Prime Minister". In practice the Prime Minister acts on the impulse of the President to whom he is a subordinate, except when there is a cohabitation in which case his responsibilities are akin to those of a prime minister in a parliamentary system.

The Prime Minister can engage the responsibility of its Government before the National Assembly. In addition to ensuring that the Government still has support in the House, some bills that might prove controversial are able to be passed this way: either the Assembly overthrows the Government, or the bill is passed automatically (article 49[3]). The Prime Minister may also submit a bill that has not been yet signed into law to the Constitutional Council (article 61[3]).

Before he is allowed to dissolve the Assembly, the President has to consult the Prime Minister and the presidents of both Houses of Parliament (article 12[3]).

History

The prime minister, in its current form, dates from the formation of the French Third Republic. Under the French Constitutional Laws of 1875, he was imbued with the same powers as his British counterpart. In practice, however, the prime minister was a fairly weak figure, serving as little more than the cabinet's chairman. Most notably, the legislature had the power to force the entire cabinet out of office by a vote of censure. As a result, cabinets were often toppled twice a year, and there were long stretches where France was left without a government.

The 1958 Constitution includes several provisions intended to strengthen the prime minister's position. For instance, restrictions were placed on votes of censure.

Present

The current Prime Minister is Jean-Marc Ayrault who was appointed on 16 May 2012 upon the inauguration of François Hollande.[4]

Fifth Republic Records

  • The only person to serve as Prime Minister more than once under the Fifth Republic was Jacques Chirac (1974-1976 and 1986-1988).
  • The youngest appointed Prime minister was Laurent Fabius, on 17 July 1984. He was 37 years old.
  • The oldest appointed Prime minister was Pierre Bérégovoy, on 2 April 1992. He was 66 years old.
  • The only woman who was appointed at the head of government is Edith Cresson, Prime minister from 1991 to 1992.
  • Two Prime ministers were mayor of Bordeaux, and in the same time, Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1969-1972) and Alain Juppé (1995-1997).
  • The longest-serving Prime minister was Georges Pompidou, 6 years, 2 months and 26 days, from 1962 to 1968.
  • The shortest-serving Prime minister was Edith Cresson, 10 months and 18 days, from 1991 to 1992.

See also

References

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.