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Prime Ministers of Queen Elizabeth II

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Title: Prime Ministers of Queen Elizabeth II  
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Prime Ministers of Queen Elizabeth II

Since succeeding her father on 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II has been head of state of 32 different Commonwealth realms since 1952. Currently, there are 16 realms. The Queen has had 12 British Prime Ministers, second only to George III, who had 14, and two more than the number had by Queen Victoria. She has also had 14 New Zealand Prime Ministers, 13 Australian Prime Ministers and 11 Canadian Prime Ministers.

This list does not cover Commonwealth nations which are not Commonwealth realms, i.e. those that do not have the Queen as head of state. Prime Ministers of nations which have since ceased to be Commonwealth realms during Queen Elizabeth's reign are listed in the second section.

Prime Ministers of current Commonwealth realms

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda became an independent Commonwealth realm on 1 November 1981 with Vere Bird as the first Prime Minister. Bird had previously been Premier of Antigua.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Vere Bird 1 November 1981 9 March 1994
2 Lester Bird 9 March 1994 24 March 2004
3 Baldwin Spencer 24 March 2004

Australia

Robert Menzies was the incumbent Prime Minister of Australia when Elizabeth became Queen.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Robert Menzies 19 December 1949 26 January 1966
2 Harold Holt 26 January 1966 19 December 1967
3 John McEwen 19 December 1967 10 January 1968
4 John Gorton 10 January 1968 10 March 1971
5 William McMahon 10 March 1971 5 December 1972
6 Gough Whitlam 5 December 1972 11 November 1975
7 Malcolm Fraser 11 November 1975 11 March 1983
8 Bob Hawke 11 March 1983 20 December 1991
9 Paul Keating 20 December 1991 11 March 1996
10 John Howard 11 March 1996 3 December 2007
11 Kevin Rudd 3 December 2007 24 June 2010
12 Julia Gillard 24 June 2010 26 June 2013
(11) Kevin Rudd 27 June 2013 18 September 2013
13 Tony Abbott 18 September 2013 present

The Bahamas

The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm on 10 July 1973 with Lynden Pindling as the first Prime Minister. Pindling had previously been Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of The Bahama Islands.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Lynden Pindling 10 July 1973 21 August 1992
2 Hubert Ingraham 21 August 1992 3 May 2002
3 Perry Christie 3 May 2002 4 May 2007
(2) Hubert Ingraham 4 May 2007 8 May 2012
(3) Perry Christie 8 May 2012

Barbados

Barbados became an independent Commonwealth realm on 30 November 1966 with Errol Barrow as the first Prime Minister. Barrow had previously been Premier of Barbados.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Errol Barrow 18 November 1966 8 September 1976
2 J.M.G.M. 'Tom' Adams 8 September 1976 11 March 1985
3 Bernard St. John 11 March 1985 29 May 1986
(1) Errol Barrow 29 May 1986 1 June 1987
4 Erskine Sandiford 1 June 1987 7 September 1994
5 Owen Arthur 7 September 1994 16 January 2008
6 David Thompson 16 January 2008 23 October 2010
7 Freundel Stuart 23 October 2010

Belize

Belize became an independent Commonwealth realm on 21 September 1981 with George Price as the first Prime Minister. Price had previously been Premier of Belize.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 60px George Price 1981 1984
2 Manuel Esquivel 1984 1989
(1) 60px George Price 1989 1993
(2) Manuel Esquivel 1993 1998
3 Said Musa 1998 2008
4 Dean Barrow 2008

Canada

Louis St. Laurent was the incumbent Prime Minister of Canada when Elizabeth became Queen.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Louis St. Laurent 15 November 1948 21 June 1957
2 60px John Diefenbaker 21 June 1957 22 April 1963
3 Lester B. Pearson 22 April 1963 20 April 1968
4 Pierre Trudeau 20 April 1968 4 June 1979
5 Joe Clark 4 June 1979 3 March 1980
(4) Pierre Trudeau 3 March 1980 30 June 1984
6 John Turner 30 June 1984 17 September 1984
7 Brian Mulroney 17 September 1984 25 June 1993
8 Kim Campbell 25 June 1993 4 November 1993
9 Jean Chrétien 4 November 1993 12 December 2003
10 Paul Martin 12 December 2003 6 February 2006
11 Stephen Harper 6 February 2006

Grenada

Grenada became an independent Commonwealth realm on 7 February 1974 with Eric Gairy as the first Prime Minister. Gairy had previously been Premier of Grenada.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Eric Gairy 1974 1979
Maurice Bishop
(de facto, see People's Revolutionary Government)
1979 1983
2 Herbert Blaize 1984 1989
3 Ben Jones 1989 1990
4 Nicholas Brathwaite 1990 1995
5 George Brizan 1995 1995
6 Keith Mitchell 1995 2008
7 Tillman Thomas 2008 2013
(6) Keith Mitchell 2013

Jamaica

Jamaica became an independent Commonwealth realm on 6 August 1962 with Alexander Bustamante as the first Prime Minister. Bustamante had previously been Chief Minister of Jamaica.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Alexander Bustamante 1962 1967
2 Sir Donald Sangster 1967 1967
3 Hugh Shearer 1967 1972
4 Michael Manley 1972 1980
5 Edward Seaga 1980 1989
(4) Michael Manley 1989 1992
6 Percival Patterson 1992 2006
7 Portia Simpson-Miller 2006 2007
8 Bruce Golding 2007 2011
9 Andrew Holness 2011 2012
(7) Portia Simpson-Miller 2012

New Zealand

Sidney Holland was the incumbent Prime Minister of New Zealand when Elizabeth became Queen.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sidney Holland 13 December 1949 20 September 1957
2 Keith Holyoake 20 September 1957 12 December 1957
3 Walter Nash 12 December 1957 12 December 1960
(2) Sir Keith Holyoake 12 December 1960 7 February 1972
4 Jack Marshall 7 February 1972 8 December 1972
5 Norman Kirk 8 December 1972 31 August 1974
6 Bill Rowling 6 September 1974 12 December 1975
7 Sir Robert Muldoon 12 December 1975 26 July 1984
8 David Lange 26 July 1984 8 August 1989
9 Geoffrey Palmer 8 August 1989 4 September 1990
10 Mike Moore 4 September 1990 2 November 1990
11 Jim Bolger 2 November 1990 8 December 1997
12 Jenny Shipley 8 December 1997 5 December 1999
13 Helen Clark 5 December 1999 19 November 2008
14 John Key 19 November 2008

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea became an independent Commonwealth realm on 16 September 1975 with Michael Somare as the first Prime Minister. Somare had previously been Chief Minister of Papua New Guinea.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Michael Somare 1975 1980
2 Sir Julius Chan 1980 1982
(1) Sir Michael Somare 1982 1985
3 Paias Wingti 1985 1988
4 Rabbie Namaliu 1988 1992
(3) Paias Wingti 1992 1994
(2) Sir Julius Chan 1994 1997
5 Bill Skate 1997 1999
6 Sir Mekere Morauta 1999 2002
(1) Sir Michael Somare 2002 2011
7 Peter O'Neill 2011

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis became an independent Commonwealth realm on 19 September 1983 with Kennedy Simmonds as the first Prime Minister. Simmonds had previously been Premier of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Kennedy Simmonds 19 September 1983 7 July 1995
2 Denzil Douglas 7 July 1995

Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia became an independent Commonwealth realm on 6 August 1962 with John Compton as the first Prime Minister. Compton had previously been Chief Minister of Saint Lucia.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir John Compton 1979 1979
2 Allan Louisy 1979 1981
3 Winston Cenac 1981 1982
4 Michael Pilgrim 1982 1982
(1) Sir John Compton 1982 1996
5 Vaughan Lewis 1996 1997
6 Kenny Anthony 1997 2006
(1) Sir John Compton 2006 2007
7 Stephenson King 2007 2011
(6) Kenny Anthony 2011

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines became an independent Commonwealth realm on 27 October 1979 with Milton Cato as the first Prime Minister. Cato had previously been Premier of Saint Vincent.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Milton Cato 1979 1984
2 Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell 1984 2000
3 Arnhim Eustace 2000 2001
4 Ralph Gonsalves 2001

Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands became an independent Commonwealth realm on 7 July 1978 with Peter Kenilorea as the first Prime Minister. Kenilorea had previously been Chief Minister of the Solomon Islands.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Peter Kenilorea 1978 1981
2 Solomon Mamaloni 1981 1984
(1) Peter Kenilorea 1984 1986
3 Ezekiel Alebua 1986 1989
4 Francis Billy Hilly 1993 1994
(2) Solomon Mamaloni 1994 1997
5 Bartholomew Ulufa'alu 1997 2000
6 Manasseh Sogavare 2000 2001
7 Sir Allan Kemakeza 2001 2006
8 Snyder Rini 2006 2006
(6) Manasseh Sogavare 2006 2007
9 Derek Sikua 2007 2010
10 Danny Philip 2010 2011
11 Gordon Lilo Darcy 2011

Tuvalu

Tuvalu became an independent Commonwealth realm on 1 October 1978 with Toaripi Lauti as the first Prime Minister. Lauti had previously been Chief Minister of Tuvalu.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Toaripi Lauti 1 October 1978 8 September 1981
2 Tomasi Puapua 8 September 1981 16 October 1989
3 Bikenibeu Paeniu 16 October 1989 10 December 1993
4 Kamuta Latasi 10 December 1993 24 December 1996
(3) Bikenibeu Paeniu 24 December 1996 27 April 1999
5 Ionatana Ionatana 27 April 1999 8 December 2000
N/A1 Lagitupu Tuilimu 8 December 2000 24 February 2001
6 Faimalaga Luka 24 February 2001 14 December 2001
7 Koloa Talake 14 December 2001 24 August 2002
8 Saufatu Sopoanga 24 August 2002 25 August 2004
9 Maatia Toafa 11 October 2004 14 August 2006
10 Apisai Ielemia 14 August 2006 29 September 2010
(9) Maatia Toafa 29 September 2010 24 December 2010
11 Willy Telavi 24 December 2010 1 August 2013
12 Enele Sopoaga2 1 August 2013
Notes
  1. ^ Tuilimu served as acting prime minister following the death of Ionatana.[1]
  2. ^ Sopoaga served as acting prime minister following the removal of Telavi from 1 August 2013 – 5 August 2013.[2]

United Kingdom

Winston Churchill was the incumbent Prime Minister of the United Kingdom when Elizabeth became Queen.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Winston Churchill 26 October 1951 7 April 1955
2 Sir Anthony Eden 7 April 1955 10 January 1957
3 Harold Macmillan 10 January 1957 19 October 1963
4 60px Sir Alec Douglas-Home 19 October 1963 16 October 1964
5 Harold Wilson 16 October 1964 19 June 1970
6 Edward Heath 19 June 1970 4 March 1974
(5) Harold Wilson 4 March 1974 5 April 1976
7 James Callaghan 5 April 1976 4 May 1979
8 Margaret Thatcher 4 May 1979 28 November 1990
9 John Major 28 November 1990 2 May 1997
10 Tony Blair 2 May 1997 27 June 2007
11 Gordon Brown 27 June 2007 11 May 2010
12 David Cameron 11 May 2010

Prime Ministers of former Commonwealth realms

The following former Commonwealth realms became republics during Elizabeth's reign.

Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

Don Stephen Senanayake was the incumbent Prime Minister of the Dominion of Ceylon when Elizabeth became Queen.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Don Stephen Senanayake 24 September 1947 22 March 1952
2 Dudley Senanayake 26 March 1952 12 October 1953
3 Sir John Lionel Kotalawela 12 October 1953 12 April 1956
4 Solomon Bandaranaike 12 April 1956 26 September 1959
5 60px Vijayananda Dahanayake 26 September 1959 20 March 1960
(2) Dudley Senanayake 21 March 1960 21 July 1960
6 Sirimavo Bandaranaike 21 July 1960 27 March 1965
(2) Dudley Senanayake 27 March 1965 29 May 1970
(6) Sirimavo Bandaranaike 29 May 1970 22 May 1972 /

23 July 1977

Ceylon became the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka on 22 May 1972 with Bandaranaike becoming the first Prime Minister of Sri Lanka. This term in office lasted until 23 July 1977.

Fiji

The Dominion of Fiji became an independent Commonwealth realm on 10 October 1970 with Kamisese Mara as its first Prime Minister. Mara had previously been Chief Minister of the Colony of Fiji.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara 10 October 1970 13 April 1987
2 Timoci Bavadra 13 April 1987 14 May 1987

Following the 1987 Fijian coups d'état (which resulted in a vacancy in the premiership until December 1987), on 7 October 1987 the new ruling regime declared the nation to have become the Republic of Fiji.

The Gambia

The Gambia became an independent Commonwealth realm on 18 February 1965, with Sir Dawda Jawara as its first Prime Minister. Jawara had previously been Prime Minister of the Gambia Colony and Protectorate.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Dawda Jawara 6 March 1965 24 April 1970

Following a 1970 referendum, The Gambia became the Republic of the Gambia on 24 April 1970 with Jawara as the first President of the Republic of the Gambia.

Ghana

Ghana became an independent Commonwealth realm on 15 August 1957, with Kwame Nkrumah as its first Prime Minister. Nkrumah had previously been Prime Minister of the Gold Coast.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Kwame Nkrumah 15 August 1957 1 July 1960

Ghana became the Republic of Ghana on July 1, 1960, with Nkrumah the first President of Ghana.

Guyana

Guyana became an independent Commonwealth realm on 26 May 1966, with Forbes Burnham as its first Prime Minister. Burnham had previously been Premier of British Guiana.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Forbes Burnham 26 May 1966 23 February 1970 /
6 October 1980

Guyana became the Co-operative Republic of Guyana on 23 February 1970. Burnham held the office of Prime Minister of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana until 6 October 1980.

Kenya

Kenya became an independent commonwealth realm on 12 December 1963, with incumbent Jomo Kenyatta becoming the first Prime Minister of Kenya. Kenyatta had previously been First Minister of Kenya Colony.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1
Jomo Kenyatta 12 December 1963 12 December 1964

Kenya became the Republic of Kenya on 12 December 1964, with Kenyatta becoming the first President of Kenya.

Malawi

Malawi became an independent commonwealth realm on 6 July 1964, with Hastings Banda as Prime Minister. Banda had previously been the Prime Minister of the Nyasaland Protectorate.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Hastings Banda 6 July 1964 6 July 1966

Malawi became the Republic of Malawi on 6 July 1966, with Banda becoming the first President of Malawi.

Malta

Following a referendum, the independent Commonwealth Realm The State of Malta was established on 21 September 1964. The head of government of the Malta Colony had also been known as the Prime Minister and incumbent Giorgio Borg Olivier remained in office during the transition.

No. Portrait Name Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Giorgio Borg Olivier 5 March 1962 /

21 September 1964

21 June 1971
2 60px Dom Mintoff 21 June 1971 13 December 1974 /

22 December 1984

The State of Malta became the Republic of Malta on 13 December 1974. Mintoff remained in office as the republic's Prime Minister until 22 December 1984.

Mauritius

Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam 1968–1982
Sir Anerood Jugnauth 1982–1992

Nigeria

No. Portrait Name In Office
1
Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa 1 October 1960 – 1 October 1963

Pakistan

Sir Khwaja Nazimuddin 1952–1953
Mohammad Ali Bogra 1953–1955
Chaudhry Mohammad Ali 1955–1956

Sierra Leone

Sir Milton Margai 1961–1964
Sir Albert Margai 1964–1967
Siaka Stevens 1967–1971

South Africa

No. Portrait Name In Office
1
Daniel Malan 6 February 1952 – 30 November 1954
2
Johannes Strijdom 30 November 1954 – 24 August 1958
3
60px
Hendrik Verwoerd 24 August 1958 – 31 May 1961

Tanganyika

No. Portrait Name In Office
1
Julius Nyerere 9 December 1961 – 22 January 1962
2 Rashidi Kawawa 22 January 1962 – 9 December 1962

Trinidad and Tobago

No. Portrait Name In Office
1 Eric Williams 31 August 1962 – 1 August 1976

Uganda

No. Portrait Name In Office
1
Milton Obote 9 October 1962 – 9 October 1963

See also

References

Notes

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