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Prince Nicholas of Romania

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Title: Prince Nicholas of Romania  
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Collection: 1903 Births, 1978 Deaths, 24 Hours of Le Mans Drivers, Grand Cordons of the Order of Leopold (Belgium), Grand Croix of the Légion D'Honneur, Honorary Members of the Romanian Academy, Members of the Romanian Orthodox Church, People from Sinaia, Princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Recipients of the Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Recipients of the Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Regents of Romania, Romanian Expatriates in Spain, Romanian Orthodox Christians, Romanian Princes, Royal Navy Officers
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Prince Nicholas of Romania

Prince Nicholas
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Born (1903-08-03)3 August 1903
Peleş Castle, Sinaia, Romania
Died 9 June 1978(1978-06-09) (aged 74)
Madrid, Spain
Spouse Ioana (Joanna) Dumitrescu-Doletti
Thereza Lisboa Figueira de Mello
House House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Father King Ferdinand I of Romania
Mother Princess Marie of Edinburgh
Religion Romanian Orthodox

Prince Nicholas of Romania (Romanian: Principele Nicolae a României); later Prince Nicholas of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (Born 3 August 1903 – 9 June 1978) was the fourth child and second son of King Ferdinand I of Romania and his wife Queen Marie.

In 1927 after the death of his father, Nicholas was appointed as one of the three regents for his minor nephew King Michael I. His position as regent ended in 1930 with the return of his elder brother Prince Carol to Romanian to takeover as King of Romania due to the instability.

In later 1930 he was stripped of his titles and privileges and exiled from the Royal Court, due to King Carol II's disapproval of his marriage. In 1942 after the removal of King Carol II from the throne and King Michael's 2nd reign, Nicholas had also been stripped of his Romanian honours and therefore started using the title of Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen of the house which he belonged to.

He died in exile on the 9th of June 1978 in Madrid, Spain.

Contents

  • Early life 1
    • Birth 1.1
  • Biography 2
  • Titles, styles and honours 3
    • Titles 3.1
    • Honours 3.2
      • National honours 3.2.1
      • Foreign honours 3.2.2
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Birth

Nicholas was born on the 3rd of August 1903 in Peleș Castle, Sinaia as the youngest of the four children of Crown Prince Ferdinand of Romania and his wife Princess Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Edinburgh.

Biography

Nicholas was the younger brother of Patriarch Miron Cristea.

Standard of the Regent of Romania (1927-1930)

Although unofficially referred to as "the first-ranking regent", Nicholas resented having to abandon his naval career and had no interest in politics. He tried to continue his father's cooperation with the Nicolae Iorga, Miron Cristea himself had said:

"The Regency does not work because it has no head. The Prince smokes his cigarettes, Sărăţeanu looks through his books, and I, as a priest, can only try to reconcile."

Nicholas was at first delighted when Carol returned home to Romania in 8 June 1930 (becoming King Carol II and thus putting an end to the regency arrangement). He welcomed the Parliament session that voted to repeal the 1926 legislation, and accompanied his newly arrived brother from Băneasa Airfield to Cotroceni Palace.

However, the cordial relations between Nicholas and Carol were short-lived. Nicholas wanted to marry Ioana (Joanna) Dumitrescu-Doletti, a divorced woman, but was aware that it might be embarrassing for the king to have to authorize such a marriage. Carol himself suggested that the couple should marry without first seeking his consent (even though members of the royal family were required to obtain the king's consent before marrying). Carol had intimated that in these circumstances he would accept the marriage as a fait accompli, but after the wedding Carol promptly used it as an excuse to deprive Nicholas of his royal privileges and titles and to exile him from Romania. He left for Spain, and ultimately settled in Switzerland.

Prince Nicholas in the Romanian Air Force

Nicholas was married twice. His first marriage took place in Tohani, Romania, on 7 November 1931, the bride being Ioana (Joanna) Dumitrescu-Doletti (Bucharest, 24 September 1902/1909 (other dates of birth have been named in various sources) – Lausanne, 17 February/19 February 1963). Dumitrescu-Doletti's first husband had been Radu Savianu, whom she married on 11 December 1924. Nicholas' second marriage took place on 13 July 1967 in Lausanne. His second wife was a Brazilian, Thereza Lisboa Figueira de Mello (Rome, 10 June 1913 – Madrid, 30 March 1997), the daughter of Col. Jerónimo de Ávila Figueira de Melo and his wife Cândida Ribeiro Lisboa, and the sister of Francisco Lisboa Figueira de Melo, former ambassador of Portugal to Germany (b. Vienna, 12 March 1912). Figueira de Mello's first husband was Andrés Boulton Pietri (Caracas, 1910-1998), whom she married in Caracas on 2 July 1936, a union that produced four children: Roger (1937), Maria Thereza (1939), Andres (1943) and William (1945).

The Prince also took an interest in motor racing, competing in the 1933 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 1935 24 Hours of Le Mans driving his own Duesenberg Model SJ.

Titles, styles and honours

Titles

  • 3 August 1903 - 20 July 1927: His Royal Highness Prince Nicholas of Romania, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 20 July 1927 - 9 April 1930: His Royal Highness Prince Nicholas, The Prince Regent of Romania, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 9 April 1930 - 10 June 1942: Mr Nicholas Brana[1]
  • 10 June 1942 - 9 June 1978: His Serene Highness Prince Nicholas of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[2]

Honours

National honours

Foreign honours

Honorary Military Rank and other awards

References

  1. ^ http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~fergy/Victoria/b20286.htm
  2. ^ http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~fergy/Victoria/b20286.htm
  3. ^ a b c d e Yooniq, Wearing Order and Medals
  4. ^ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/543317142517883860/
  5. ^ http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portraitLarge/mw64086/Prince-Nicholas-of-Romania
  6. ^ a b Pinterest, Wearing Medals
  7. ^ http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portraitLarge/mw64089/Prince-Nicholas-of-Romania
  8. ^ http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw64087/Prince-Nicholas-of-Romania
  9. ^ https://m.flickr.com/#/photos/25950166@N08/2431046733/
  10. ^ File:1903Nicholas-09.jpg
  11. ^ https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/articles/File:MIguelBenesCarolIIPabloDeYugoslavia1936.jpeg
  12. ^ http://fototecaortodoxiei.ro/1271-regele-carol-al-ii-lea-principele-nicolae-cortegiul-funerar
  13. ^ https://m.flickr.com/#/photos/25950166@N08/2448771360/
  14. ^ http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portraitLarge/mw64088/Prince-Nicholas-of-Romania
  15. ^ http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portraitLarge/mw64087/Prince-Nicholas-of-Romania

External links

  • Young Nicholas as seen by an American visitor
  • "Speed-Fiend Nicholas", in Time Magazine, 1929
  • Ioan Scurtu, "Principele Nicolae aşa cum a fost", in Magazin Istoric
  • Prince Nicholas photo archive
  • Romanian Royalty photo archive
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