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Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily

Luisa of Naples and Sicily
Luisa Maria by Joseph Dorffmeister in 1797
Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Tenure 15 August 1790 – 19 September 1802
Spouse Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Issue
Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Maria Theresa, Queen of Sardinia
Full name
Maria Luisa Amelia Teresa
House House of the Two Sicilies
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Mother Maria Carolina of Austria
Born (1773-07-27)27 July 1773
Royal Palace,[1] Naples
Died 19 September 1802(1802-09-19) (aged 29)
Hofburg,[1] Vienna, HRE
Religion Roman Catholic

Maria Luisa of Naples and Sicily (Maria Luisa Amelia Teresa; 27 July 1773 – 19 September 1802), was a Neapolitan and Sicilian princess and the wife of the third Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Background

Maria Luisa Amelia Teresa was born at the Royal Palace in Naples. Her father was the future King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and her mother, born Maria Carolina of Austria, was a sister of Marie Antoinette. Her paternal grandparents were Charles III of Spain and his Saxon wife Maria Amalia; her maternal grandparents were Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. She was one of eighteen children, seven of whom survived into adulthood.

Marriage

On 15 August 1790, she married her double first cousin, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria. The wedding ceremony took place in Florence, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany which her husband had ruled since the beginning of the year. Her husband ruled the Grand Duchy till 1801, when in the Treaty of Aranjuez, he was forced by Napoleon to make way for the Kingdom of Etruria.

The couple went into exile and lived in Vienna, the capital of the Austrian Empire which was ruled by Archduke Ferdinand's older brother, Emperor Francis II; later on Ferdinand was compensated by being given the secularized lands of the Archbishop of Salzburg as Grand-Duke of Salzburg.

Maria Luisa died in childbirth the next year at the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna; the princess is buried in the Imperial Crypt with her stillborn son in her arms. Her husband outlived her by 23 years, and in 1814 had his Tuscan title revived after the title was held by Elisa Bonaparte; he also married again on 6 May 1821 to Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony; there was no issue from this marriage.

Issue

  1. Archduchess Carolina Ferdinanda Teresa (1793–1802) died in infancy.
  2. Archduke Francesco Leopoldo (1794–1800) died in infancy.
  3. Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1797–1870) married Maria Anna of Saxony and had issue. Remarried Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies and had issue.
  4. Archduchess Maria Luisa Giuseppa (1799–1857)
  5. Archduchess Maria Theresa (1801–1855) married Charles Albert of Sardinia and had issue.
  6. Stillborn son (1802).

Ancestry

References

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 27 July 1773 - 15 August 1790 Her Royal Highness Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily
  • 15 August 1790 - 19 September 1802 Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Tuscany

External links

See also

Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily
Born: 27 July 1773 Died: 9 September 1801
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain
Grand Duchess of Tuscany
1790–1801
Succeeded by
Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Kingdom Abolished for creation of Kingdom of Etruria held by her first cousin Louis of Etruria
— TITULAR —
Titular Grand Duchess Consort of Tuscany
1801–1802
Title later revived for her husband (1814)
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