World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Provident Hospital (Baltimore)

Article Id: WHEBN0014432276
Reproduction Date:

Title: Provident Hospital (Baltimore)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Frances Reed Elliot, Walter P Carter Center, Holy Cross Hospital (Silver Spring), Springfield Hospital Center, University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Provident Hospital (Baltimore)

Provident Hospital began as a 10-bed clinic in a private residence at 419 Orchard St, in northwest Baltimore, Maryland in 1894 to provide both medical treatment and training for Black nurses and doctors. The hospital was founded by Negro physicians who were practicing in the Baltimore area just a year after the founding of the first Black-owned and operated hospital, Provident Hospital of Chicago. Within two years it moved to a larger site at 413 W. Biddle Street.[1] Provident Hospital was one of the first black medical facilities located in Baltimore.

An all-Black medical facility was in need in the late nineteenth and twentieth century due to Afro-Americans not being allowed or having limited access to medical attention by other hospitals in the area. The idea of a black hospital was a place where a Negro physician could mature in his craft and ladies could become nurses through a nursing school. The idea of a black hospital came to mind prior to the American Civil War.[2]

After 30 years at the Biddle St. site, the hospital relocated to an even larger site, the former Union Protestant Hospital site at 1514 Division Street (Union Protestant Hospital is now known as Union Memorial Hospital and located in North Baltimore City).[3]

In 1970, the final site for Provident Hospital was opened at 2600 Liberty Heights Avenue. In 1986, Provident Hospital merged with Lutheran Hospital to address financial issues. The combined hospitals closed down in 1986 and a year later reopened as Liberty Medical Center in 1987 due to lack of funding."[4]

In 1996, Liberty Medical Center merged with Bon Secours hospital as a result of continued financial problems, with the Liberty campus closing for good in 1999.[5]

The historical archives of the Provident Hospital were given to the Maryland State Archives in May 2011. The Bon Secours Health System, Inc./Provident Hospital Archives Collection (MSA SC 5971) was placed on long-term deposit at the Baltimore City Archives, 2615 Mathews Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218. Researchers may access the material at the Baltimore City Archives during its regular business hours. Photographs from the collection have been placed on for viewing, commenting, and identification.

The Bon Secours Health System commemorated the Provident Hospital after its closing with a historical garden and display of memorabilia on the site on the Liberty Hospital campus. The garden, along both Liberty Heights and Towanda Avenue, commemorates not only Provident Hospital, but also Lutheran Hospital (with which Provident merged), and the Liberty Medical Center.[5]

The garden was known as Trinity Gardens and was part of the sale of the Liberty Campus to Baltimore City Community College in 2010. A release from Bon Secours Medical system at the time indicated that BCCC intended to preserve Trinity Gardens.[6]

Further reading

  • Baltimore City Archives website:
  • Baltimore City Archives Flickr site


  1. ^ Jackson, Robert; Walden, Emerson (May 1967). "A History of Provident Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland". Journal of the National Medical Association 59 (3): 157–65.  
  2. ^ Gamble, Vanessa N. (1989). The Black Community Hospital: Contemporary Dilemmas in Historical Perspective. New York: Garland Publishing. 
  3. ^ Roberts Jr., Samuel K. (2009). Infectious Fear: Politics, Disease, and the Health Effects of Segregation. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press. 
  4. ^ Crockett, Sandra (1987-08-02). "After a year, Liberty Medical Center Marks Commitment to its Neighbors.".  
  5. ^ a b C. Payne, J. Kimball (2000-07-25). "Provident won't be forgotten. Garden commemorates closed black hospital.".  
  6. ^

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.