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Pulaski County, Missouri

 

Pulaski County, Missouri

Pulaski County, Missouri
Old and new Pulaski County courthouses in Waynesville
Map of Missouri highlighting Pulaski County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 19, 1833
Named for Kazimierz Pułaski
Seat Waynesville
Largest community Fort Leonard Wood
Area
 • Total 551 sq mi (1,427 km2)
 • Land 547 sq mi (1,417 km2)
 • Water 4.4 sq mi (11 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 52,274
 • Density 96/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Pulaski County is a Kazimierz Pułaski, a Polish patriot who died fighting in the American Revolution.[3][4]

Pulaski County is the site of Fort Leonard Wood, a U.S. Army installation base. It comprises the Fort Leonard Wood, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected area 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Transportation 4
    • Airport 4.1
    • Major highways 4.2
  • Politics 5
    • Local 5.1
    • State 5.2
    • Federal 5.3
    • Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008) 5.4
  • Media 6
  • Education 7
    • Public schools 7.1
    • Private schools 7.2
  • Communities 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • Further reading 11
  • External links 12

History

Pulaski County's earliest settlers were the Quapaw, Missouria and Osage Native Americans. After the Lewis and Clark Expedition of the early 19th century, white settlers came to the area, many from Kentucky, Tennessee and the Carolinas; the earliest pioneers appeared to have settled as early as 1818, and the town of Waynesville was designated the county seat by the Missouri Legislature in 1833. Like the county, Waynesville is also named after an American Revolutionary hero, Mad Anthony Wayne.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 551 square miles (1,430 km2), of which 547 square miles (1,420 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 41,165 people, 13,433 households, and 9,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 75 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 15,408 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.35% White, 11.99% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.32% Pacific Islander, 2.50% from other races, and 3.57% from two or more races. Approximately 5.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,433 households out of which 42.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 21.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 16.60% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 15.90% from 45 to 64, and 7.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 112.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,247, and the median income for a family was $37,786. Males had a median income of $26,553 versus $20,500 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,586. About 8.00% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airport

Waynesville Regional Airport at Forney Field serves the community with air service; even though it's on Fort Leonard Wood, it is jointly run by the cities of Waynesville and St. Robert and is available for civilian use by private pilots and scheduled commercial passenger service.

Major highways

The major east-west route is Interstate 44; before that, the main highway was U.S. Route 66, which still exists as a scenic route through the area and passes through Devil's Elbow, St. Robert, Waynesville, Buckhorn, and Hazelgreen. Names for U.S. Route 66 vary - at different places, it's called Teardrop Road, Highway Z, Old Route 66, Historic Route 66, and Highway 17. State-posted signs mark most of the alignment of the road.

Major north-south routes include:

  • Crocker, and about two miles west of Dixon, then north out of the county.

Major attractions along U.S. Route 66 include the Old Stagecoach Stop in downtown Waynesville, which is now a museum but began as a tavern and boarding house and is the oldest standing structure in the county. It was used as a Civil War hospital for Union troops who were garrisoned above the city in Fort Wayne, which was demolished after the war. The Old Courthouse Museum in downtown Waynesville is near the Old Stagecoach Stop. The third Pulaski County courthouse was struck by lightning on June 3, 1903 and destroyed.[12] Three bridges cross the Big Piney River at Devil's Elbow - the modern Interstate 44 bridge, the later U.S. Route 66 alignment on Highway Z that was made possible by the Hooker Cut through a steep hillside, and the original U.S. Route 66 alignment on Teardrop Road that includes a historic bridge that is in the process of renovation. The Elbow Inn is a biker bar that is a frequent stop on the original U.S. Route 66 alignment.

Politics

Local

The old Pulaski County Courthouse, which is on the National Register, is now a museum.

Politics at the local level in Pulaski County were traditionally dominanted by the Democratic Party, but Republican Party candidates have become increasingly viable in the years since 2002, when the first large-scale victories of Republican candidates began. That's generally attributed to the increasing number of military personnel who retire in the area and switch their voter registration to Pulaski County.

In 2002, Republicans Diana Linnenbringer, Dennis Thornsberry and Barbara Shackelford (now Barbara Thomas) were elected to the offices of county clerk, western district county commissioner, and county treasurer, defeating Democrats in those offices.

The trend continued in 2004 when Republican Bill Farnham defeated the Democratic incumbent, Eastern District County Commissioner Gary Carmack, and Republicans Don Mayhew and Loretta Rouse defeated two long-term Democratic incumbents, County Surveyor John Mackey and County Public Administrator Paula Long Weber. In state offices, Democratic State Rep. Bill Ransdall, who was term-limited and could not run for re-election, was replaced by Republican David Day who defeated the Democratic candidate, Clara Ichord, in what turned out to be a landslide victory for Day.

In 2006, the incumbent Democratic Presiding Commissioner, Tony Crismon, switched parties but was defeated in the Republican primary by Tim Berrier, who was subsequently defeated in the general election by Bill Ransdall. That year also saw a switch in party affiliation in the collector's office, where the longtime Democratic incumbent retired and was replaced by Republican Terri Mitchell, whose husband, Jim Mitchell, had preceded Ransdall in Pulaski County's state house seat. Kyle Bomar of Crocker challenged David Day, Day was reelected to the Missouri House with over 65% of the vote.

The 2008 Democratic victories nationally had minimal effect on Pulaski County party affiliations, with retiring Republican Western District County Commissioner Dennis Thornsberry being replaced by another Republican, Ricky Zweerink; the only party affiliation switch was in the county surveyor's office where Mackey recovered his seat for the Democrats after defeating Mayhew. David Day was unopposed.

Two resignations occurred in 2009; County Treasurer Barbara Thomas resigned and Presiding Commissioner Bill Ransdall accepted an appointment by Gov. Jay Nixon to the Missouri State Tax Commission, which required him to resign county offices and numerous other positions. Nixon appointed Democrat Morris Roam to fill Thomas' Republican seat and appointed Democrat Don McCulloch, the retired Waynesville Police Chief, to fill Ransdall's seat.

In the 2010 elections, Roam chose not to run and was replaced by Republican Sue Rapone, who defeated the Democratic nominee, Ted Helms. Rep. David Day was again unopposed and entered his last term in the Missour House of Representatives due to term limits. McCulloch was defeated by St. Robert Alderman Gene Newkirk, a Republican. Diana Linnenbringer retired and was replaced by fellow Republican Brent Bassett; no Democrats ran in their party's primary. Incumbent Democrat Circuit Court Clerk Rachelle Beasley was the only member of her party to win re-election for county office; incumbent Republican Collector Terri Mitchell had no opposition in either the primary or the general election. The prosecutor's office did not change parties, but incumbent Deborah Hooper was defeated in the Republican primary in a three-way contest, coming in third behind St. Robert City Attorney Kevin Hillman, the victor, and criminal defense attorney Jeff Thomas. Hillman went on to defeat the Democratic nominee, Wayne Gifford, in the general election.

In the 2012 elections, Democrat John Mackey chose not to run for re-election as county surveyor and was replaced by former surveyor Don Mayhew, a Republican who ran unopposed. Republican Sheriff JB King decided not to run for re-election and his position became the most heavily contested race in the county, with former sheriff JT Roberts losing the Democratic primary to Bill Anderson, who then lost in the general election to Republican candidate Ron Long, who had previously defeated Republican challengers Nick Pappas and Johnny Burgess. Incumbent Republican Ricky Zweerink was re-elected as Western District Commissioner while incumbent Republican Bill Farnham was defeated in a three-way primary race between himself, former county treasurer Barb Shackleford, and victor Lynn Sharp. County Assessor Roger Harrison was re-elected in the November election but died in an accident on his farm before taking office; his deputy, fellow Democrat Kim Skaggs-Henson, was appointed by Gov. Jay Nixon to fill the vacancy.

The Republican Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Pulaski County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Pulaski County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Kim Skaggs-Henson Democratic
Circuit Clerk Rachelle Beasley Democratic
County Clerk Brent Bassett Republican
Collector Terri Mitchell Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Gene Newkirk Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Lynn Sharp Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Ricky Zweerink Republican
Coroner Michael Hartness Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Kevin Hillman Republican
Public Administrator Loretta Rouse Republican
Recorder Rachelle Beasley Democratic
Sheriff Ron Long Republican
Surveyor Don Mayhew Republican
Treasurer Sue Rapone Republican

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 43.33% 5,627 54.49% 7,075 2.18% 283
2004 65.00% 7,466 33.80% 3,882 1.20% 138
2000 52.78% 5,533 45.19% 4,738 2.03% 213
1996 42.49% 3,855 54.53% 4,947 2.98% 270

Pulaski County is divided into two districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans.

  • District 147 – Don Wells (R-Cabool) Consists of half of Fort Leonard Wood.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 147 - Pulaski County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Don Wells* 131 100.00
  • District 148 – David Day (R-Dixon) Consists of half of Fort Leonard Wood and the rest of Pulaski County, including the communities of Crocker, Dixon, Richland, St. Robert and Waynesville.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 148 - Pulaski County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican David Day* 7,929 100.00

All of Pulaski County is a part of Missouri's 16th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Dan W. Brown (R-Rolla).

Missouri Senate - District 16 - Pulaski County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Dan W. Brown 5,562 61.92
Democratic Frank A. Barnitz* 3,420 38.08

Federal

All of Pulaski County is included in Missouri's 4th Congressional District and is represented by Vicky Hartzler (R-Harrisonville) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 4 - Pulaski County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ike Skelton* 5,146 56.55
Republican Vicky Hartzler 3,618 39.76
Libertarian Jason Michael Braun 169 1.86
Constitution Greg Cowan 167 1.84
Past Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 63.68% 9,552 34.99% 5,249 1.33% 199
2004 70.52% 8,618 29.06% 3,551 0.43% 52
2000 62.02% 6,531 36.08% 3,800 1.90% 200
1996 45.04% 4,089 41.67% 3,783 13.29% 1,207

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 1,385, than any candidate from either party in Pulaski County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Pulaski County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,129 (36.19%)
Mike Huckabee 1,216 (38.97%)
Mitt Romney 641 (20.54%)
Ron Paul 66 (2.12%)
Pulaski County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 1,385 (56.07%)
Barack Obama 972 (39.35%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 78 (3.16%)

Media

Pulaski County has one daily and three weekly print newspapers. The county also has two Internet gossip sites: The Pulaski County Web and The Pulaski County Insider.

KFBD-FM and its AM sister station, KJPW, are the dominant news radio providers in the Pulaski County area, which includes Fort Leonard Wood, Waynesville, and St. Robert. These stations compete with the only other station broadcasting from Pulaski County, KFLW Radio, owned by the Lebanon Daily Record [16] and working locally from the St. Robert offices of the Pulaski County Mirror [17], the weekly newspaper.

The Daily Guide (web site), commonly known as the Waynesville Daily Guide (and formerly called the Gateway Daily Guide), is based in St. Robert and serves the entire county. It is owned by GateHouse Media and is the central printing plant for three other GateHouse newspapers in nearby counties: the daily Camden Lake Sun Leader [18] and Rolla Daily News [19], as well as the weekly St. James Leader-Journal.[20]

The content of the weekly Fort Leonard Wood Guidon [21] is produced under the auspices of Army Public Affairs at Fort Leonard Wood but printed under contract by the Springfield News-Leader,[22] a Gannett-owned newspaper which produces and sells advertisements in the Fort Leonard Wood Guidon. The military contract to produce the Guidon was held by the Lebanon Daily Record until the end of 2002, and before the Lebanon Daily Record had been held by the Waynesville Daily Guide for many years.

  • The weekly Pulaski County Mirror is owned by the Lebanon Daily Record, a family-owned newspaper in an adjoining county. The paper is a merger of the Richland Mirror and Pulaski County Democrat in St. Robert, which were separate weekly papers owned by the Lebanon Daily Record until their owner merged them in 2009.
  • The weekly Dixon Pilot [23] is privately owned by a former Dixon resident who now lives in Rolla.
  • The Pulaski County Daily News claims to be an Internet newspaper and is privately owned by a Waynesville resident. It features local gossip.
  • The Pulaski County Insider is run and maintained by a businessman from St. Robert and hosted by a Potosi resident.

Education

Devil's Elbow, all of which have a lower housing cost than nearer housing in St. Robert and Waynesville. Military personnel assigned to training areas on the south end of the post sometimes choose to live in the unincorporated areas of Big Piney and Palace in Pulaski County, or the northern Texas County communities of Plato and Roby.

Seven main school districts are fully or partly within the borders of Pulaski County, not counting two small districts which are mostly within other counties and only have only a few dozen residents within Pulaski County. All seven school districts have a high percentage of Fort Leonard Wood military dependents, and over two-thirds of Waynesville students fall into that category.

The cities of Waynesville and St. Robert and the Fort Leonard Wood army installation, along with their surrounding rural areas running east to Devil's Elbow, are served by the Waynesville R-VI School District[24] which is by far the largest in the county.

The cites of Richland, Crocker, and Dixon, along with their surrounding rural areas, are served by the Richland R-IV School District,[25] the Crocker R-II School District [26] and the Dixon R-I School District.[27] The Richland and Dixon districts both extend into rural parts of adjacent counties.

The unincorporated communities of Fort Leonard Wood, including the unincorporated Pulaski County communities of Big Piney and Palace, is served by the Plato R-V School District,[30] which is based in the northern Texas County village of Plato but also includes parts of Pulaski, Laclede and Wright counties.

Public schools

  • Crocker R-II School District – Crocker
    • Crocker Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Crocker High School (07-12)
  • Dixon R-I School District – Dixon
    • Dixon Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Dixon Middle School (06-08)
    • Dixon High School (09-12)
  • Laquey R-V School District – Laquey
    • Laquey Elementary School (PK-05)
    • Laquey Middle School (06-08)
    • Laquey High School (09-12)
  • Swedeborg R-VIII School District – Swedeborg
    • Swedeborg Elementary School (PK-08)
  • Richland R-IV School District – Richland
    • Richland Elementary School (K-06)
    • Richland Junior High School (07-08)
    • Richland High School (09-12)
  • Waynesville R-VI School District – Waynesville

Private schools

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Pulaski County, Missouri". Ozarks Civil War. Springfield-Greene County Library District. 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Welcome to Pulaski County, Missouri!". MOGenWeb. 2004. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES INVENTORY - NOMINATION FORM, PULASKI COUNTY COURTHOUSE, http://www.dnr.mo.gov/shpo/nps-nr/79001391.pdf undated.

Further reading

  • History of Laclede, Camden, Dallas, Webster, Wright, Texas, Pulaski, Phelps, and Dent counties, Missouri (1889) full text

External links

  • Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Pulaski County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books

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