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Title: Pusa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of institutions of higher education in Bihar, List of state universities in India, List of mammal genera, Bushy-tailed mongoose, Collared mongoose
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Baikal Seal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Phocidae
Subfamily: Phocinae
Tribe: Phocini
Genus: Pusa
Scopoli, 1771

Pusa caspica
Pusa hispida
Pusa sibirica

Pusa is a genus of the earless seals, within the Family Phocidae. The three species of this genus were split from the genus Phoca, and some sources still give Phoca as an acceptable synonym for Pusa.

The three species in this genus are found in Arctic and Sub-arctic regions as well as around the Caspian Sea. This includes the following countries and regions: Russia, Scandinavia, Britain, Greenland, Canada, the USA, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Japan.

Only the Caspian seal is endangered.


Caspian seal, Pusa caspica - (Gmelin, 1788)
Ringed seal, Pusa hispida - (Schreber, 1775)
Baikal seal or Nerpa, Pusa sibirica - Gmelin, 1788



ringed seal

Baikal seal

Caspian seal

Cladogram showing relationships among the extant members of genus Pusa, combining several phylogenetic analyses.[1]


  1. ^ Berta, A.; Churchill, M. (2012). "Pinniped taxonomy: Review of currently recognized species and subspecies, and evidence used for their description". Mammal Review 42 (3): 207–34.  

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