Queens' college

Colleges of the University of Cambridge

Queens' College

                   
Full name The Queen's College of St Margaret and St Bernard, commonly called Queens' College, in the University of Cambridge
Founders Margaret of Anjou (1448)
Elizabeth Woodville (1465)
Named after Margaret the Virgin;
Bernard of Clairvaux
Established 1448
Refounded 1465
President The Lord Eatwell
Undergraduates 525
Graduates 370
Sister college Pembroke College, Oxford
Ezra Stiles College, Yale
Location map)
Floreat Domus
(Latin, "May this house flourish")
College website
JCR website
MCR website

Queens' College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England. Queens' is amongst the oldest and largest colleges of the university, founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou (the Queen of Henry VI, who founded King's College), and has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. The college spans both sides of the river Cam, colloquially referred to as the "light side" and the "dark side", with the world famous Mathematical Bridge connecting the two.

The college's alumni include heads of government and politicians from various countries, royalty, religious leaders, astronauts and Oscar nominees, its distinguished alumni include Stephen Fry, Abba Eban and T. H. White. Its most famous matriculant is Desiderius Erasmus, who studied at the college during his trips to England between 1506 and 1515.

The college has a financial endowment of £ 54.9 million [1]

The current President of the college is the senior economist and Labour Party adviser, Lord Eatwell. Past Presidents of the college include Saint John Fisher.

History


Queens' College was founded in 1448 by Margaret of Anjou (the Queen of Henry VI), and refounded in 1465 by Elizabeth Woodville (the Queen of Edward IV). This dual foundation is reflected in its orthography: Queens', not Queen's, although the full name is "The Queen's College of St Margaret and St Bernard, commonly called Queens' College, in the University of Cambridge".[2]

In 1446 Andrew Dokett obtained a Charter from King Henry VI to found St Bernard's College, on a site now part of St Catharine's College. A year later the charter was revoked and Dokett obtained a new charter from the king to found St Bernard's College on the present site of Old Court and Cloister Court. In 1448 King Henry VI granted Margaret of Anjou the lands of St Bernard's College to build a new college to be called "Queen's College of St Margaret and St Bernard".

By 1460 the library, chapel, gatehouse and the President's lodge were completed and the chapel licensed for service. In 1477 and 1484 King Richard III made large endowments to the college, which were later taken away by King Henry VII. Between that time and the early 1600s many improvements were made and new buildings constructed, including the Walnut Tree Building, which was completed in 1618. Since then the college has refurbished most of its old building and steadily expanded.

During the English civil war the college sent all its silver to help the King. As a result, the president and the fellows were ejected from their posts. In 1660 the president was restored.

In 1777 a fire in the Walnut-Tree Building destroyed the upper floors which had to be rebuilt 1778-82.

In 1823 the spelling of the college's name officially changed from Queen's to Queens'. The earliest known record of the college Boat Club dates from 1831. In 1862 the St Bernard Society, the debating club of the college was founded. In 1884 the first football match was played by the college team and the St Margaret Society was founded.

In 1980, the college for the first time allowed females to matriculate as members of college, with the first female members of the college graduating in 1983.[3]

Coat of arms

These arms are those of the first foundress Queen, Margaret of Anjou, which she derived from those of her father Rene, Duke of Anjou, with the addition of a green border for the College. The six quarters of these arms represent the six lordships (either actual or titular) which he claimed. The green border appears to be intended as a difference for Queens' College. These arms are of interest because the third quarter (Jerusalem) uses gold on silver, a combination which is extremely rare in heraldry. The cross potent is a visual pun on the letters H and I, the first two letters of Hierusalem. [4]

Badge

These are not the official arms of the College, but, rather, a badge. The silver boar's head was the badge of King Richard III of England. Richard's wife Anne Neville was the third Queen consort to be patroness of the College. The earliest evidence of the college using a boar's head as a symbol is from 1544. The gold cross stands for St Margaret, and the gold crozier for St Bernard, the two patron saints of Queens' College. There is also a suggestion that the saltire arrangement of these (like the St Andrew's Cross) is an allusion to Andrew Dokett, the first President of Queens'. Today, this badge is widely used by College Clubs, and also appears in connection with food or dining.

Buildings and location


Queens' College has some of the most recognisable buildings in Cambridge. It combines medieval and modern architecture in extensive gardens. It is also one of only two colleges which buildings straddle both sides of the River Cam (the other being St John's), its two halves joined across the river by the famous Mathematical Bridge. Queens' College is located in the centre of the city. It is the second southernmost of the colleges on the banks of the River Cam, primarily on the East bank. (The others — in distance order — are King's, Clare, Trinity Hall, Trinity, St John's, and Magdalene to the north and Darwin to the south.

Cloister Court

President's Lodge of Queens' is the oldest building on the river at Cambridge (ca. 1460).[5] The President's Lodge sits in Cloister Court: the Cloister walks were erected in the 1490s to connect the Old Court of 1448/9 with the riverside buildings of the 1460s, thus forming the court now known as Cloister Court. Essex Building, in the corner of the court, was erected 1756–60, is so named after its builder, James Essex the Younger (1722–1784), a local carpenter who had earlier erected the wooden bridge.


Old Court

Old Court was built between 1448 and 1451. Stylistic matters suggest that this was designed by and built under the direction of the master mason Reginald Ely, who was also at the same time erecting the original Old Court of King's College (now part of the University Old Schools opposite Clare College), and the start of King's College Chapel. Whereas King's was built using very expensive stone, Queens' Old Court was made using cheaper clunch with a red brick skin. Queens' was finished within two years, whereas King's Old Court was never finished, and the chapel took nearly a century to build.


The War Memorial Library is the present student library. In an earlier incarnation, the War Memorial Library was formerly the original chapel, part of Old Court. It was named in honour of Queens' College alumni and members who died in the service of World War Two. Before the 1940s, the student library was the present Old Library.

The Old Library was built in 1448, part of Old Court, and sitting between the President's Lodge and the original chapel. It is one of the earliest purpose-built libraries in Cambridge. It houses a collection of nearly 20,000 manuscripts and printed books. It is especially notable because nearly all printed books remain in their original bindings, due to the fact that Queens' has never been wealthy enough to afford re-binding all their books in a uniform manner, as was the fashion in the 18th century. It is also notable because it contains of the earliest English celestial globes, owned once by Queens' fellow of mathematics Sir Thomas Smith (1513–1577), and because its medieval lecterns were refashioned into bookshelves, still present today.

Walnut Tree Court


Walnut Tree Court was erected 1616–18. Walnut Tree Building on the East side of the court dates from around 1617 and was the work of the architects Gilbert Wragge and Henry Mason at a cost of £886.9s. Only the ground floor of the original construction remains after a fire in 1777, so it was rebuilt from the first floor upwards between 1778–1782, and battlements were added to it in 1823. This court was formerly the site of a Carmelite monastery founded in 1292, but is now the location of the College Chapel and various fellows' rooms. The present walnut tree in the court stands on the line of a former wall of the monastery, and was a replacement form an older one in the same position after which the court was named.

The College Chapel in Walnut Tree Court was designed by George Frederick Bodley and consecrated in 1891. It follows the traditional College Chapel form of an aisle-less nave with rows of pews on either side, following the plan of monasteries, reflecting the origins of many Colleges as a place for training priests for the ministry. The triptych of paintings on the altarpiece panel may have originally been part of a set of five paintings, are late 15th Century Flemish, and are attributed to the 'master of the View of St Gudule'. They depict, from left to right, the Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, the Resurrection of Jesus, and Christ's Appearance to the Disciples.

Friar's Court

The College experienced a growth in student numbers during the 19th century, bringing with it the need for additional student accommodation. The President's second garden was taken as the site for new student accommodation called Friars' Building, designed by W. M. Fawcett and built in 1886. The building now accommodates 52 students and Fellows.

Frairs Building is flanked to the East by the Dokett Building, designed by Cecil Greenwood Hare and built in 1912 from thin red Daneshill brick with Corsham stone dressings and mullioned windows. Dockett Building stands on the former site of almshouses which were maintained by benefaction from former President of the college Andrew Dokett, they were demolished in 1911 to make way for the new building. On the demolition of the almshouses, a fund was made available for the payment of pensions – always to eight women, in accordance with the will of Dokett.

The Erasmus Building completes what it now called Friar's Court on the West. It was designed by Sir Basil Spence and erected in 1959, and is notable for being the first college building on the Backs to be designed in the Modernist tradition.

Cripps Court


Cripps Court, incorporating Lyon Court (named after Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother), was designed by Powell, Moya and Partners and built in stages between 1972 and 1980. Its brutalistic architecture and houses a bar, crèche, and gymnasium with squash courts, 171 student bedrooms, three Fellows' Flats, a solarium, Dining Hall and kitchens, various function rooms, a large multipurpose auditorium (The Fitzpatrick Hall) and three Combination Rooms (Junior for undergraduate students, Middle for Postgraduates, and Senior for Fellows of the College). It was the benefaction of the Cripps Foundation and was the largest building ever put up by the College. A fourth floor was added in 2007, providing student accommodation and fellows' offices.


Fisher Building, named after St John Fisher, was erected in 1936 and designed by G.C. Drinkwater. It continued the Queens' tradition of red brick. The window frames are of teak, and all internal woodwork is oak. It was the first student accommodation in Queens' to lie west of the river and was also the first building in Queens' to have bathrooms and toilets on the staircase landings close to the student rooms. These were so clearly evident that it prompted an observer at that time to comment that the building "seemed to have been designed by a sanitary engineer".

The Mathematical Bridge

The Mathematical Bridge (officially named the Wooden Bridge) crosses the River Cam and connects the older half of the college (affectionately referred to by students as The Dark Side) with the newer, western, half (The Light Side, officially known as 'The Island'). It is one of the most photographed scenes in Cambridge; the typical photo being taken from the nearby Silver Street bridge.

Popular fable is that the bridge was designed and built by Sir Isaac Newton without the use of nuts or bolts, and at some point in the past students or fellows attempted to take the bridge apart and put it back together. The myth continues that the over-ambitious engineers were unable to match Newton's feat of engineering, and had to resort to fastening the bridge by nuts and bolts. This is why nuts and bolts can be seen in the bridge today. This story is false: the bridge was built of oak in 1749 by James Essex the Younger (1722–1784) to the design of the master carpenter William Etheridge (1709–1776), 22 years after Newton died.

It was later repaired in 1866 due to decay and had to be completely rebuilt in 1905. The rebuild was to the same design except made from teak, and the stepped walkway was made sloped for increased wheelchair access. A handrail was added on one side to facilitate the Queen Mother crossing the bridge on her visits to the college. The ever-present boltheads are more visible in the post-1905 bridge which may have given rise to this failed reassembly myth.

Academic profile

Queens' College accepts students from all academic disciplines, except the combination of Education with English and Drama. Similar to other Cambridge colleges, all candidates go through an interview process. Undergraduate applicants in Computer Science, Economics and Engineering are expected to have taken the Thinking Skills Assessment before they can be admitted.

As in all other Cambridge colleges, undergraduate education is based on the tutorial system. Most undergraduate supervisions are carried out in the college, though for some specialist subjects undergraduates may be sent to tutors in other colleges. The faculty and academic supervisors associated with the colleges play a very important part in the academic success of students. The college maintains strong ties with Cambridge Judge Business School and has a growing graduate community, including a lively mix of doctoral, medical and PGCE students. The College also maintains an extensive library, which supplements the university libraries.

The college currently ranks seventh in the Tompkins Table, which ranks the 29 Cambridge colleges according to the academic performance of their undergraduates. Its highest position was second and its average position has been eighth. In 2013, 26.3% of Queens' undergraduates achieved Firsts.[6]

Student life


The buildings of Queens' College include the Chapel, the Hall, two libraries, a bar, and common rooms for fellows, graduates and undergraduates. There are also extensive gardens, lawns, a sportsground and boat-house. The college also owns its own punts which may be borrowed by students, dons and staff.


On-site accommodation is provided for all undergraduate and many graduate students. Undergraduates are guaranteed accommodation on the main College site for three years, while graduates usually live in College residence located in Newnham village, a fifteen-minute walk from the central site. The College also owns several houses and flats in Cambridge, which are usually occupied by doctoral students and married couples. Members of the College can choose to dine either in the Hall, where three-course meals are served and members must wear academic gowns, or in the buttery, where food can be purchased from a cafeteria-style buffet.

Despite being an ancient college, Queens' is known for being among the more open and relaxed Cambridge colleges. The college provides facilities to support most sports and arts. Queens' has active student societies, known as the Junior Combination Room and the Middle Combination Room, which represent the students and organise various activities for undergraduate and graduate students respectively. There are a variety of clubs ranging from wine tasting and amateur dramatics to the College Boat Club.

Queens' has a strong reputation for music and drama, with the Fitzpatrick Hall providing theatre and concert space for students and societies from across the University.

As at most Oxbridge colleges, it is tradition that only the fellows may walk on the grass.

College Rivalry

The College maintains a friendly rivalry with St Catharine's College after the construction of the main court of St Catharine's College on Cambridge’s former High Street relegated one side of Queens' College into a back alley.

May Ball


The college hosts a large, lavish May Ball every two years. In recent years, due to popularity, tickets have only been available to Queens' members and their guests. Highlights include an extravagant fireworks display and a variety of musical acts, Florence And The Machine, Bombay Bicycle Club, Kaiser Chiefs, Alex Clare and Klaxons have played at the event. 2013 marked the centenary of Queens' May Ball, the event was white tie and the entertainment included Simon Amstell and Bastille.

Queen Mother's Standard

When the college patroness, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother died, she gave the college the right to fly her personal standard in her memory on the first day of Michaelmas term each year.

College Grace

The College Grace is customarily said before and after dinner in Hall. The reading of Grace before dinner (ante prandium) is usually the duty of a Scholar of the College; Grace after dinner (post prandium) is said by the President or the Senior Fellow dining. The Grace is said shortly after the fellows enter the Hall, signalled by the sounding of a Gong. The Ante Prandium is read after the Fellows have entered, the Post Prandium after they have finished dining. However, the last Grace is almost never used. A simpler English after dinner Grace is now said:

For these and all his mercies, for the Queens our Foundresses and for our other Benefactors, God's holy name be blessed and praised. God preserve our Queen and Church.

Grace Latin English
Ante Prandium
(Before Dinner)
Benedic, Domine, nos et dona tua, quae de largitate tua sumus sumpturi, et concede, ut illis salubriter nutriti tibi debitum obsequium praestare valeamus, per Christum Dominum nostrum. Bless, O Lord, us and your gifts, which from your bounty we are about to receive, and grant that, healthily nourished by them, we may render you due obedience, through Christ our Lord.
Post Prandium
(After Dinner)
Gratias tibi agimus, sempiterne Deus, quod tam benigne hoc tempore nos pascere dignatus es, benedicentes sanctum nomen tuum pro Reginis, Fundatricibus nostris caeterisque Benefactoribus,quorum beneficiis hic ad pietatem et studia literarum alimur, petimusque ut nos, his donis ad tuam gloriam recte utentes, una cum illis qui in fide Christi decesserunt, ad coelestem vitam perducamur, per Christum Dominum nostrum.

Deus, salvam fac Reginam atque Ecclesiam.

We give you thanks, eternal God, that so kindly at this time you have deigned to feed us,

blessing your holy name for the Queens, our Foundresses, and our other Benefactors, by whose benefits we are nourished here towards piety and the study of letters, and we ask that we, rightly using these gifts for your glory, together with those who have died in the faith of Christ, may be brought to the life in heaven, through Christ our Lord.

God preserve the Queen and Church.

In popular culture

The college has made its way into literature, film and television. Darkness at Pemberley (1932 novel) by T. H. White features St Bernard's College, a fictionalised version of Queens' College. Eskimo Day (1996 TV Drama), written by Jack Rosenthal, and starring Maureen Lipman, Tom Wilkinson, and Alec Guinness, is about the relationship between parents and teenagers during an admissions interview day at Queens’ College. There was also a sequel, Cold Enough for Snow (1997).

Starter for 10 (2006 film) starring (James McAvoy) includes the filming of a University Challenge episode between Queens' College and Bristol University.

In Kingdom (2007-2009 TV series), created by Simon Wheeler and Alan Whiting, solicitor Peter Kingdom (played by Stephen Fry) and his brother (Dominic Mafham) are both Cambridge graduates. In the fourth episode of the first series, Kingdom returns to Cambridge and meets his old tutor (Richard Wilson), when one of his clients alleges that her daughter has been rejected by his old college purely because of her working-class background. Although the college is never identified, it is Queens', where Fry himself was a student, that appears on screen.

Notable former students

Name Birth Death Career
Desiderius Erasmus 1466 1536 Humanist, theologian, philosopher
John Frith 1503 1533 Writer, church reformer
John Lambert 1539 Theologian, heretic
John Whitgift 1530 1604 Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas Digges 1546 1595 English mathematician and astronomer; first to expound the Copernican system in English
Sir Oliver Cromwell 1566 1655 English landowner, lawyer and politician member of the House of Commons
John Hall 1575 1635 Notable physician, and son-in-law of William Shakespeare
John Goodwin 1594 1665 Preacher, theologian and prolific author
Thomas Horton 1603 1649 Prominent leader in the English Civil War, commissioner of the High Court of Justice.
Charles Bridges 1794 1869 Preacher, theologian and writer, leader of the Evangelical Party of the Church of England.
Thomas Hingston 1799 1837 Antiquarian, physician, writer
Alexander Crummell 1819 1898 Priest, African nationalist
Thomas Nettleship Staley 1823 1898 Bishop
Frank Rutter 1836 1937 Art critic, curator, writer, activist
Osborne Reynolds 1842 1912 Innovator in the understanding of fluid dynamics, heat transfer
James Niven 1851 1925 Physician
Charles Villiers Stanford 1852 1924 Music composer
Andrew Munro 1869 1935 Fellow, Lecturer in Mathematics, and Brusar at Queens' College, Cambridge
Charles Seltman 1886 1957 Author and Archeologist
Sir Roland Penrose 1900 1984 Artist, historian and poet, major promoter and collector of modern art and an associate of the surrealists.
T. H. White 1906 1964 Writer, best known for his sequence of Arthurian novels.
Sir Arthur Mooring 1908 1969 KBE
Lesslie Newbigin 1909 1998 Bishop, missiologist, writer
M. S. Bartlett 1910 2002 Statistician; made significant contributions to the analysis spatial and temporal patterns
Cyril Bibby 1914 1987 Biologist, one of the first sexologists
Arnold W. G. Kean 1914 2000 Pioneer of civil aviation law
Abba Eban 1915 2002 Israeli diplomat and politician
Sir Stephen Brown 1924 Former President of the Family Division of the High Court.
Kenneth Wedderburn 1927 2012 British politician, member of the House of Lords
Peter Redgrove 1932 2003 Poet
David Hatch 1939 2007 BBC Radio executive
Richard Dearlove 1945 Head of MI6
Lord Eatwell 1945 British economist
Derek Lewis 1946 Chief Executive of the Her Majesty's Prison Service
Stephen Lander 1947 Head of MI5
Richard Hickox 1948 2008 Conductor of choral, orchestral and operatic music.
John E. Baldwin 1949 Pioneer of radio astronomy
Graham Swift 1949 Author
Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh 1950 Prime Minister of Jordan, Vice-President of the International Court of Justice
John McCallum 1950 Canadian politician and academic
Lord Falconer 1951 Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for Justice
Nicholas Campion 1953 Cultural historian
Paul Greengrass 1955 Writer and film director
Michael Foale 1957 Astrophysicist and astronaut
Stephen Fry 1957 Comedian, writer, actor, novelist
John Sherrington 1958 Auxiliary Bishop-elect of Westminster
Mohamed El-Erian 1958 CEO of PIMCO, economist and investment analyst
Andrew Bailey 1959 Executive Director and Chief Cashier of the Bank of England.
Peter Jukes 1960 Author, playwright, literary critic
Peter Clarke 1961 Hedge Fund Investor, CEO of Man Group
David Ruffley 1962 Member of Parliament
Tom Holland 1968 Author and historian
Prince Salman bin Hamad al Khalifa 1969 Crown Prince of Bahrain and deputy Supreme Commander of the Bahrain Defence Force
Stephen Kinnock 1970 Son of former Labour Party leader, husband of Danish Prime Minister and a director of the World Economic Forum
Sam Lotu-Iiga 1970 New Zealand Member of Parliament
Emily Maitlis 1970 Newsreader and journalist
Liz Kendall 1971 Labour Party frontbench politician
Vuk Jeremić 1975 President of the United Nations General Assembly and former Serbian Minister of Foreign Affairs
Khalid Abdalla 1980 Actor known for United 93, Kite Runner and Green Zone
Brent Barton 1980 Member of Oregon House of Representatives
Mark Watson 1980 Comedian, novelist
Lucy Caldwell 1981 Novelist and playwright
Simon Bird 1984 Actor in E4 comedy series The Inbetweeners
Hannah Murray 1989 Actress in award-winning teenage series Skins and Game of Thrones
Fiona Hughes 1990 Olympic cross-country skier

List of royal patronesses

The college enjoyed royal patronage in its early years. Then, after a 425-year break, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon became the college patron to mark the quincentenary of the College's foundation. A portrait of the late Queen Mother by June Mendoza hangs in the Senior Combination Room and the most recent court to be built in college, Lyon Court, is named after her.

Since 2003 Queen Elizabeth II has been a patron of the college.

List of Presidents

Name Dates Notes
Andrew Dokett 1448–1484 English churchman and academic
Thomas Wilkynson 1484–1505 Vicar, Canon of Ripon
John Cardinal Fisher 1505–1508 Catholic Bishop of Rochester; executed by Henry VIII for refusing to accept him as head of the Church of England in 1535,
canonised in 1935. Namesake of the Fisher Building.
Robert Bekensaw 1508–1519 English churchman and academic
John Jenyn 1519–1525 Cleric
Thomas Farman 1525–1527 Rector of All Hallows, London. Early Reformer.
William Frankleyn 1527–1529 English churchman, dean of Windsor
Simon Heynes 1529–1537 Theologian. Early reformer.
William May 1537–1553,
1559–1560
Theologian and dean of St Paul's Cathedral; his report saved the Cambridge colleges from dissolution under Henry VIII
William Glyn 1553–1557 Also Bishop of Bangor
Thomas Pecocke 1557–1559 Theologian
John Stokes 1560–1568 Also Archdeacon of York
William Chaderton 1568–1579 Later Bishop of Chester and Bishop of Lincoln
Humphrey Tindall 1579–1614 Theologian
John Davenant 1614–1622 Later Bishop of Salisbury
John Mansell 1622–1631 English churchman, theologian, philosopher
Edward Martin 1631–1644,
1660–1662
Sent the college silver to King Charles I; imprisoned in the Tower of London by Oliver Cromwell; restored to presidency under Charles II
Herbert Palmer 1644–1647 Puritan and member of the Westminster Assembly; installed as President by Cromwell
Thomas Horton 1647–1660 Theologian; removed by the restoration of the monarchy
Anthony Sparrow 1662–1667 Later Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Norwich
William Wells 1667–1675 Archdeacon of Colchester
Henry James 1675–1717 Theologian
John Davies 1717–1732 Philosopher, Churchman
William Sedgwick 1732–1760 Philosopher
Robert Plumptre 1760–1788 English churchman and academic
Isaac Milner 1788–1820 Mathematician, an inventor. Lucasian Professor of Mathematics
Henry Godfrey 1820–1832 English academic
Joshua King 1832–1857 Lucasian Professor of Mathematics
George Phillips 1857–1892 Author in Mathematics and Oriental languages
William Campion 1892–1896 British politician and Governor of Western Australia from 1924 to 1931.
Herbert Ryle 1896–1901 Later Bishop of Exeter, Bishop of Winchester and Dean of Westminster
Frederic Henry Chase 1901–1906 Later Bishop of Ely
Thomas Fitzpatrick 1906–1931 Namesake of the Fitzpatrick Hall in Cripps Court
John Archibald Venn 1931–1958 British economist, son of the logician John Venn
Arthur Armitage 1958–1970 Namesake of the Armitage Room above the Fitzpatrick Hall
Sir Derek Bowett 1970–1982 International lawyer
Lord Ernest Oxburgh 1982–1988 Eminent geologist and geophysicist
Sir John Polkinghorne 1988–1996 KBE; FRS; physicist and theologian; extensive writer on science-faith relations; Templeton Prize 2002; member of General Synod
Lord John Leonard Eatwell 1997 – Previously chief economic adviser to Neil Kinnock and chairman of the British Library; Opposition Spokesman for the Treasury in the House of Lords.

See also

References

External links

  • Queens' College website
  • Queens' College Student Union (JCR)
  • Queens' College Graduate Student Union (MCR)
  • The College's larger list of eminent alumni

Coordinates: 52°12′08″N 0°06′53″E / 52.20222°N 0.11472°E / 52.20222; 0.11472 (Queens' College)

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