World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

RAF Ashford

Article Id: WHEBN0011128351
Reproduction Date:

Title: RAF Ashford  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 303d Fighter Wing, 406th Air Expeditionary Operations Group, Bou Grara Airfield, La Vieille Airfield, Lete Airfield
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

RAF Ashford

RAF Ashford
USAAF Station AAF-417

Ashford Airfield, taken on 11 May 1944, during the tenure of the 406th Fighter Group, 3 weeks before D-Day.
ICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Air Ministry
Operator Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Air Force
United States Army Air Forces
Location Ashford, Kent, United Kingdom
Built 1944 (1944)
In use 1944-1944 (1944)
Elevation AMSL 125 ft / 38 m
Coordinates
Map
RAF Ashford is located in Kent
RAF Ashford
RAF Ashford
Location in Kent
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
04/22 0 0 Asphalt
14/32 0 0 Asphalt
RCAF Mustang performing runway testing on Runway 04-22, October 1943
Republic P-47D-27-RE Thunderbolt Serial 42-6887 of the 512th Fighter Squadron
512th and 514th Fighter Squadron P-47s prepare to take off on runway 15-33. Note aircraft painted in D-Day invasion markings
Republic P-47D-27-RE Thunderbolt Serial 42-26922 of the 512th Fighter Squadron. Note the C-47 in background.

RAF Ashford is a former Royal Air Force Advanced Landing Ground in Kent, England. The landing ground is located approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Ashford just south of the A28 near the junction with Old Surrenden Manor Road; about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of London

Opened in 1943, Ashford was one of several a prototypes for the temporary Advanced Landing Ground airfields built in France after D-Day, required as the Allied forces moved east across France and Germany. It was used by British, Dominion and the United States Army Air Forces. It was closed in September 1944.

Today the airfield is a mixture of agricultural fields with few recognisable remains: part of runway 15 - 33 is visible on Google Earth at 51.125594° 0.818962°.

History

Unit Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
No. 65 Squadron RAF October 1943 Supermarine Spitfire IX [1]
No. 122 Squadron RAF October 1943 Supermarine Spitfire IX [2]
No. 414 Squadron RCAF August-October 1943 North American Mustang I Part of the Canadian Reconnaissance Wing
No. 430 Squadron RCAF August-October 1943 North American Mustang I Part of the Canadian Reconnaissance Wing

United States Army Air Forces use

Ashford was known as USAAF Station AAF-417 for security reasons by the USAAF during the war, and by which it was referred to instead of location. It's USAAF Station Code was "AF".

406th Fighter Group

On 5 April the airmen of the 406th Fighter Group arrived, having crossed the Atlantic by troopship. The group arrived from Congaree Army Airfield South Carolina. Operational fighter squadrons and fuselage codes were:

The 406th Fighter Group was part of the 303d Fighter Wing, XIX Tactical Air Command.


The 406th Fighter Group conducted its first operation on 9 May and was chiefly involved in fighter-bomber work. On 18 when the 513th started to use ALG A-13 at Tour-en-Bessin. The last remnants of the 406th departed RAF Ashford on 31 July.

Bombing

The airfield was bombed during a night-time raid on 22 May 1944, at 12:35 am. A 1,000-pound (450 kg) high-explosive bomb was dropped in the tented area which accommodated the reserve flight pilots and other staff. These were RAF Volunteer Reservists of 5003 Airfield Construction Squadron based at RAF Great Chart, some 1.2 km northeast of the airfield. There were 30 casualties, 14 being fatal.[3]

Current use

With the facility released from military control, Ashford was rapidly returned to agricultural use. There is little to indicate that an airfield ever existed at this location.

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Citations

  1. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 45.
  2. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 56.
  3. ^ "SHORT ARTICLES - based on archive information (Turvey Airmen)". www.mackz.net. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 

Bibliography

  • The Military Airfields of Britain, pp 30–31, Ken Delve, 2005, Crowood, ISBN 1-86126-729-0
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now, 1994. After the Battle ISBN 0-900913-80-0
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1996) The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle ISBN 1-85409-272-3
  • Jefford, C.G, MBE,BA ,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to present
  • British Automobile Association (AA), (1978), Complete Atlas of Britain, ISBN 0-86145-005-1

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.