World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

RTÉ Radio 1

Article Id: WHEBN0000546493
Reproduction Date:

Title: RTÉ Radio 1  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: RTÉ Radio, RTÉ 2fm, RTÉ lyric fm, Pat Kenny, Eileen Dunne
Collection: Longwave Radio Stations, Radio Stations Established in 1926, Rté Radio 1
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

RTÉ Radio 1

RTÉ Radio 1
Broadcast area National – Ireland
Slogan We've got the nation talking
Frequency 88.2–90.0, (87.8 northeast) MHz FM
and 252 kHz LW
Digital terrestrial television
First air date 1 January 1926 (1 January 1926)
Format Mixed network
Audience share 23.2% All Aged 15+ (February 2009, [1])
Owner Raidió Teilifís Éireann
Sister stations RTÉ Choice
RTÉ Radio 1 Extra
RTÉ 2fm
RTÉ lyric fm
Webcast MP3

RTÉ Radio 1 (Irish: RTÉ Raidió 1) is the principal radio channel of Irish public-service broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann and is the direct descendant of Dublin radio station 2RN, which began broadcasting on a regular basis on 1 January 1926. The station is a rare modern example of a mixed radio channel, offering a wide spectrum of programming which is mainly speech-based but also includes a fair amount of music.

The total budget for the station in 2010 was €18.4 million.[2] It is the most listened to radio station in Ireland.[3]


  • History 1
  • Programmes 2
  • Reception 3
    • Longwave 252 3.1
    • Closure of medium-wave frequencies 3.2
    • Satellite 3.3
  • Budget 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The Department of Posts and Telegraphs opened 2RN, the first Irish radio station, on 1 January 1926.[4] Station 6CK, a Cork relay of 2RN, joined the Dublin station in 1927,[5] and a high-power transmitter at Athlone in County Westmeath opened in 1932.[6] From the latter date the three stations became known as Radio Athlone, later being renamed Radio Éireann ("Irish Radio" / "Radio of Ireland") in 1937. Like most small European national stations at that time, Radio Éireann attempted to satisfy all tastes on a single channel. It broadcast a mixed schedule of light entertainment and heavier fare, Irish language programming, and talks. Radio Éireann also carried sponsored programmes, often produced by Leonard Plugge's International Broadcasting Company, which tended to be more popular than programming made directly by Radio Éireann itself.

Run as part of the civil service until 1960, the Broadcasting Authority Act 1960 transferred the station to a statutory corporation, also called Radio Éireann, in preparation for the launch of its sister television station.[7] The name of the corporation was changed to Radio Telefís Éireann in 1966. As a consequence, the station was renamed RTÉ Radio. The station also began FM transmission in 1966. In 1971 the station began the phased move from the GPO on O'Connell Street in Dublin city centre, to a new purpose-built Radio Centre at Donnybrook. When, in 1979, RTÉ established a new rock and pop station under the name of RTÉ Radio 2 (now RTÉ 2fm), the original RTÉ Radio channel was renamed once again and became RTÉ Radio 1.

In 1973, The Gay Byrne Hour began, becoming The Gay Byrne Show in 1979.[8] This anchored the stations daily morning schedule until 1998. On 3 November 1984, current affairs programmes Morning Ireland and Today at Five began broadcasting.[9] The former is now the flagship programme of RTÉ News and Current Affairs on radio while the latter has evolved into the current Drivetime programme via Five Seven Live.


Radio 1 broadcasts a mixture of news, current affairs, features, arts coverage, drama, sport, music (from popular music favourites through country and traditional to world music and jazz), and general entertainment. Major weekday programmes include:

  • Risin' Time – news, music and talk, on air from 5.30 to 7.00.
  • Morning Ireland – the station's flagship news programme, on air from 7.00 to 9.00.
  • The Brendan O'Connor Show - a talk-based entertainment show, on air from 9.00 to 10.00.
  • Today with Sean O Rourke – a lively current affairs magazine, broadcast between 10.00 and 12.00.
  • The Ronan Collins Show – a music and comedy show, on air from 12.00 to 13.00.
  • The News at One – a round-up of all Irish news and sports, from 13.00 to 13.45.
  • Liveline with Joe Duffy – phone-in discussion from 13.45 until 15.00.
  • The Ray D'Arcy Show with Ray D'Arcy – a music and chat show, on air from 15.00 to 16.30.
  • Drivetime – rolling news and talk (sport, popular culture, music and arts) between 16.30 and 19.00.
  • Arena – an arts and culture show, on air from 19.00 to 20.00.
  • The John Creedon Show – a mix of contemporary, Irish and international tracks, on air from 20.00 to 21.50.


RTÉ Radio 1 is currently available in Ireland on 88-90 MHz FM and 252 kHz longwave (LW).

The LW version of Radio 1, which can also be received across the United Kingdom and parts of Western Europe, it is also is the only RTE Radio service available in parts of Northern Ireland since the closure of Medium Wave.

DAB broadcasts of the station began in the east of the country (from the Clermont Carn and Three Rock Mountain high power transmitters via the RTÉ DAB Multiplex) on 1 January 2006. RTE DAB is available on the Saorview platform.

Listeners to WRN's English Service for Europe and English Service for North America can also hear a selection of RTÉ Radio 1 programmes.

RTÉ Radio 1 has been carried on shortwave in DRM during specific events, including the All Ireland finals. RTE carried out DRM tests on its Long Wave frequency 252 kHz.

The station's tuning signal since 1936 has been the air O'Donnell Abú,[10] although since the advent of 24-hour broadcasting in 1997, the tune has been played just once a day, as a prelude to the start of the day's live broadcasting at 05:30 each morning (between 02:00 and 05:30, apart from the hourly news bulletins, Radio 1's output is made up of selected repeats from earlier programmes).

Longwave 252

The LW version of Radio 1 which commenced in 2004, which can also be received across the United Kingdom and parts of Western Europe – and is transmitted on the 252 kHz frequency formerly used by the Atlantic 252 radio station – differs in certain respects from that broadcast on FM, particularly at the weekend, with significant additional sports coverage and religious programming. The LW service was due to be withdrawn on Monday 27 October 2014 on cost grounds.[11] However, RTÉ subsequently announced that it had postponed the closure until 19 January 2015 "in order to ensure that listeners, particularly in the UK, have sufficient time to understand and avail themselves of alternatives".[12] As a result of further public pressure, especially from elderly Irish listeners in the UK, churches, the GAA, emigrant groups, and listeners in Northern Ireland who wouldn't all have access to RTE on FM or DAB, it was announced in December 2014 that the 252 frequency would be kept going until 2017 at least.[13]

RTÉ runs 252 Longwave at a lower power level than its licensed 500 kilowatts: in the daytime it operates at 300 kW and at night 100–150 kW.

Closure of medium-wave frequencies

The medium-wave transmitters of RTÉ Radio 1 were shut down at 15.00 on 24 March 2008. The main transmitter was based at Tullamore and broadcast on 567 kHz. A lower powered relay in Cork at 729 kHz was also in service. Before 1975, the 567 kHz service (then 566 kHz) originated from Athlone.[14] AM transmissions continue on Long Wave 252 kHz from Summerhill, Co. Meath, it is aimed to serve Irish people living in Britain and uses the old Atlantic 252 transmitter. Since the closure, Second Helpings programmes at the weekend have been limited to digital broadcasts only. Most complaints about the closure of medium wave were from groups such as fishermen and the elderly,[15] also from people who didn't have the Long Wave band on their radios.

Part of the rationale behind closing medium wave, and using long wave to access listeners in hard to reach parts of Ireland and the UK, was that recepiton would be better in places such as the south of England, London area which in the past had very poor coverage from RTE on medium wave.


The FM service is also available online and from the Astra 2E satellite at 28.2° East on transponder 43 (10.744 GHz horizontal, symbol rate 22000, FEC 5/6, service ID 9611), Freesat channel 750, Sky channel 0160 and Virgin Media channel 917.



The following figures were issued by RTÉ as part of their Annual report 2012[16]


Income Type 2012
Licence Fee €14,472,000
Commercial Income €17,619,000
Total Income €32,091,000

Total Costs

Cost Type 2012
Network and other related costs €3,463,000
Sales Costs not given
Acquired Programming n/a
Irish Productions €31,807,000
Total Costs €35,720,000

Profit and Loss


Breakdown of Irish Productions

Production House 2012
RTÉ €30,908,000
Independent Producers €899,000
Total €31,807,000

The table below outlines RTÉ One's total in-house and commissioned programming by genre in 2008 and 2012:

Genre 2012
Factual €4,063,000
Drama €548,000
Entertainment €2,841,000
Music €6,029,000
News,Current Affairs and Weather €14,496,000
Sport €3,830,000
Young People's Programming n/a
Total €31,807,000


  1. ^ "RTÉ Radio Sales".  
  2. ^ "Written Answers - Television Licence Fee". Dáil Éireann Debate Vol. 740, No. 1, pp.32.  
  3. ^ Cullen, Paul. "RTE Radio 1 'most listened to'". The Irish Times. Thursday, 11 February 2010, 18:31.
  4. ^ "2RN and the Origins of Irish Radio".  
  5. ^ "Irish Public Service Broadcasting – 1920s".  
  6. ^ "Irish Public Service Broadcasting – 1930s".  
  7. ^ "Broadcasting Authority Act, 1960". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 27 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Irish Public Service Broadcasting – 1970s".  
  9. ^ "History of Irish Public Service Broadcasting – Timeline".  
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Press release: RTÉ Radio 1 Moves from Longwave Transmission
  12. ^ BBC News: "RTÉ defers closure of long wave radio service", 15 October 2014
  13. ^ The RTÉ longwave service is to be extended until at least 2017., 19 December 2015.
  14. ^ Linton, Andy. "Athlone transmitting station". Retrieved 27 September 2009. 
  15. ^ Is RTE Medium Wave cessation premature?
  16. ^ RTÉ News (PDF) 

External links

  • RTÉ Radio 1 — Official Website
  • RTÉ Radio 1 - Listen Live

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.