World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Rede Ferroviária Nacional

REFER
Founded 1997
Headquarters Lisbon, Portugal
Website www.refer.pt

REFER, Rede Ferroviária Nacional, EP (i.e. National Railway Network) is the Portuguese rail infrastructure manager. It is a state-owned company and was created to manage the Portuguese rail infrastructure, previously under control of CP, which became exclusively a train service operator.

Contents

  • Status 1
  • Network 2
  • Historical summary 3
  • New lines 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Status

Rede Ferroviária Nacional, EP, is the manager of the national railway network in Portugal. It is 100% owned by the Portuguese state.

It was incorporated on 29 April 1997 by government decree no. 104/97.

Network

The Portuguese railway network consists (2010) of 2,843 km of track:

  • 1,668 mm gauge: 2,650 km, of which 1,460 km are electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz AC and 25 km at 1.5 kV DC. Of this, 563 km are double track and 43 km multiple track
  • Metre gauge (1,000 mm, 3 ft 3⅜ in): 188 km not electrified.
  • The maximum extent of 3592 km was reached in 1949, but in the late 1980s and early 1990s some lines were shortened and some totally closed.

Historical summary

The first railway in Portugal was between Lisbon and Carregado, now referred to as the Linha do Norte; it opened on 28 October 1856. It was extended to Porto, joining Portugal's two largest cities, in 1877.

Meanwhile on 1 February 1861 the lines between Barreiro Pinhal Novo and Vendas Novas (the Linha do Alentejo) and between Pinhal Novo and Setúbal (the Linha do Sul) followed.

The Linha do Sul, at 274 km was the principal main line in the south of the country, but it terminated short of Lisbon on the south side of the river Tagus (Tejo in Portuguese) but it received a considerable improvement when it was extended from Pinhal Novo to Lisbon over the Ponte 25 de Abril, which was provided with an additional railway deck.

The earliest railways in Portugal were built to standard gauge (1,435 mm) but were regauged in the nineteenth century for compatibility with the trains of the railways of Spain, which at that time used a track gauge of 1,668 mm.

First electrification in Portugal was the suburban line from Lisbon to Cascais, at 1,500 V d.c., but it was another 30 years before the next electrification, the Norte line between Lisbon and Carregado, on 28 October 1956, exactly 100 years from the line's opening. This electrification was at 25 kV 50 Hz.

Through routes to Spain are single-track and are not completely electrified.[1]

New lines

A number of new high speed lines are planned, and these are to be built in standard gauge; at 2010 these were:

  • Lisbon - Évora - Elvás - Badajoz (Spain), forming a through route to Madrid; anticipated completion 2013
  • Porto - Valença do Minho - Vigo (Spain), completion 2015
  • Lisbon - Aveiro - Porto, completion 2017
  • Aveiro - Salamanca (Spain), not yet programmed
  • Évora - Fajo - Huelva (Spain), not yet programmed[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Karl Arne Richter (editor), Europäische Bahnen '11, Eurailpress, Hamburg, 2010, ISBN 978-3-7771-0413-3

External links

  • REFER official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.