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Reggane

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Title: Reggane  
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Subject: Aoulef, Tindouf, Gerboise Bleue, Tuat, France and weapons of mass destruction
Collection: Communes of Algeria, French Nuclear Test Sites, Nuclear Test Sites, Populated Places in Adrar Province
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Reggane

Reggane
رقان
Commune and town
Location of Reggane Commune within Adrar Province
Location of Reggane Commune within Adrar Province
Reggane is located in Algeria
Reggane
Location of Reggane within Algeria
Coordinates:
Country  Algeria
Province Adrar Province
District Reggane District
Elevation 217 m (712 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 20,402
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Reggane (from Berber "Argan"; Arabic: رقان‎) is a town and commune, and the capital of Reggane District, in Adrar Province, central Algeria. Reggane lies in the Sahara Desert near an oasis. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 20,402,[1] up from 14,179 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 3.8%.[1] Berber tribes and people live in and around Reggane.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Climate 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Education 5
  • Localities 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8
  • References 9

History

To the east of Reggane there was until 1965 a rocket launching site where numerous civilian and military ballistic rockets were launched. France began its nuclear testing program in the vicinity of Reggane, conducting four such tests during the Algerian War in 1960 and 1961, before independence.[3]

Geography

The town of Reggane and its neighbouring villages lie next to the southernmost oasis of the Tuat region, which stretches northward to Adrar. The Tidikelt region, a plain with isolated oases, lies to the east, including towns such as In Salah, In Ghar, Aoulef and Tit. To the west is the sandy Erg Chech desert, while to the south lies the vast barren plain of the Tanezrouft.

Climate

Reggane has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with long, extremely hot summers and short, very warm winters. The climate is torrid and almost rainless. Daytime temperatures are known to consistently approach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and nighttime temperatures routinely remain above 30 °C (86 °F). Average annual rainfall is extremely low, with only 10 mm (0.39 in). The sky is always clear throughout the year and the sunshine reigns supreme. The area in the heart of the Algerian Desert bounded by Adrar - Reggane - In Salah is nicknamed the "triangle of fire" by local inhabitants due to the extreme heat that bakes the region from May to September.[4] Reggane is obviously among the hottest spots worldwide.

Climate data for Reggane
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.6
(72.7)
25.2
(77.4)
31.9
(89.4)
36.4
(97.5)
40.2
(104.4)
44.1
(111.4)
46.9
(116.4)
45.5
(113.9)
42.3
(108.1)
35.8
(96.4)
28.7
(83.7)
24.9
(76.8)
35.59
(96.06)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
18.2
(64.8)
23.1
(73.6)
27.9
(82.2)
32.2
(90)
36.4
(97.5)
39.8
(103.6)
38.4
(101.1)
35.5
(95.9)
29.2
(84.6)
22.0
(71.6)
17.8
(64)
28.34
(83.01)
Average low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.3
(52.3)
15.9
(60.6)
20.6
(69.1)
24.8
(76.6)
29.0
(84.2)
32.8
(91)
31.6
(88.9)
28.7
(83.7)
22.5
(72.5)
15.3
(59.5)
11.2
(52.2)
21.1
(70)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.055)
1.1
(0.043)
1.2
(0.047)
1.6
(0.063)
0.5
(0.02)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
0.2
(0.008)
1.2
(0.047)
0.5
(0.02)
1.8
(0.071)
10.1
(0.398)
Source: Global climatology for Reggane, Algeria (2000 - 2015)[5]

Transportation

Reggane is the last town on the Tanezrouft track heading south across the Sahara Desert to Mali. Customs and police inspection here are mandatory before crossing the Sahara Desert. The Tanezrouft track is the southern part of Algeria's N6 national highway, which connects to Adrar to the north and Bordj Badji Mokhtar to the south. Another highway, the N52, leads through the Tidikelt region to Aoulef and eventually In Salah.

The town is served by Reggane Airport,[6] located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the town.

Education

6.0% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 15.6% has completed secondary education.[7] The overall literacy rate is 75.9%, and is 85.0% among males and 66.3% among females.[8]

Localities

As of 1984, the commune was composed of 11 localities:[9]

See also

External links

  • Reggane Chronology and Launch Log
  • Description of Reggane and the Tanezrouft Track (in French)

References

  1. ^ a b "Population: Wilaya d'Adrar" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/nuclear/tests/FR-ntests1.html
  4. ^ http://www.3emegroupedetransport.com/Regganesouffredechaleur.htm
  5. ^ "Global climatology for Reggane, Algeria (2000 - 2015)". Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Reggane Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'Adrar" (PDF) (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1472. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
Neighbouring towns and cities
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