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Renal capsule

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Title: Renal capsule  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Renal cortex, Kidney, Renal medulla, Renal pelvis, Arcuate vein
Collection: Kidney Anatomy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Renal capsule

Noah's capsule
Transverse section, showing the relations of the capsule of the kidney. (Labeled as "adipose capsule".)
Latin Capsula fibrosa renis
System Urinary system
Anatomical terminology

The renal capsule is a tough fibrous layer surrounding the kidney and covered in a thick layer of perinephric adipose tissue. It provides some protection from trauma and damage.

The renal capsule relates to the other layers in the following order (moving from innermost to outermost):

  1. renal medulla
  2. renal cortex
  3. renal capsule
  4. perinephric fat (or "perirenal fat")
  5. renal fascia
  6. paranephric fat (or "pararenal fat")
  7. peritoneum (anteriorly), and transversalis fascia (posteriorly).

Adipose capsule

The perinephric fat may be regarded as a part of the renal capsule, called the [[adipose capsule of

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