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Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

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Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

The Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage are established by UNESCO aiming to ensure the better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.[1] Through a compendium of the different oral and intangible treasures of humankind worldwide, the program aims to draw attention to the importance of safeguarding intangible heritage, which has been identified by UNESCO as an essential component and a repository of cultural diversity and creative expression.[2][3]

The programme currently compiles two lists. The longer Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity comprises cultural "practices and expressions [that] help demonstrate the diversity of this heritage and raise awareness about its importance." The shorter List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding is composed of those cultural elements that concerned communities and countries consider require urgent measures to keep them alive.[4][5]

Proclaimed masterpieces

The programme was established in 2008, when the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.[6] Prior to this, a project known as the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity has already been active in recognizing the value of intangibles such as tradition, custom and cultural spaces and the local actors who sustain these forms of cultural expressions through a Proclamation.[2] Identification of the Masterpieces also entails the commitment of states to promote and safeguard these treasures, while UNESCO finances plans for their conservation.[2] Started in 2001 and held biennially until 2005, a total of three Proclamations occurred, encompassing 90 forms of intangible heritage around the world.[3]

The 90 previously proclaimed Masterpieces have been incorporated into the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as its first entries, to be known as elements.[1][7] Subsequent elements will be added following the assessment of nominations submitted by national governments acceding to the UNESCO Convention, termed as member states, who are each allowed to submit a single candidature file, in addition to multi-national candidatures. A panel of experts in intangible heritage and an appointed body, known as the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, then examine each of the nominations before officially inscribing the candidates as elements on the List.[8]

76 more elements were added on 30 September 2009, during the fourth session of the Committee, and a further 47 in 2010.[9][10]

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Member state Element[A] Year Proclaimed[B] Year Inscribed[C] Region[D] Reference
Albania Albanian Folk Iso-Polyphony 2005 2008 ENA [11]
Algeria The Ahellil of Gourara 2005 2008 AST [12]
Argentina The Tango 2009 2009 LAC
Armenia The Duduk and its Music 2005 2008 ENA [13]
Armenia Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of Khachkars 2005 2010 ENA [14]
Armenia Performance of the Armenian epic of "Daredevils of Sassoun’ or ‘David of Sassoun" 2012 2012 ENA [15]
Austria Viennese Coffee House Culture 2011 2011 ENA [16]
Azerbaijan The Azerbaijani Mugham 2003 2008 ENA [17]
Azerbaijan The Azerbaijani Carpet and its weaving traditions 2010 2010 ENA [18]
Azerbaijan (with India, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Turkey) Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [19]
Azerbaijan The art of Azerbaijani Ashiq 2009 2009 ENA [20]
Azerbaijan Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar 2012 2012 ENA [21]
Bangladesh Baul Songs 2005 2008 APA [22]
Belarus Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars) 2009 2009 ENA [23]
Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Spain, Morocco, Mongolia, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Slovak Republic, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab Emirates Falconry, a living human heritage 2010 2010 ENA, APA, AFR
Belgium Procession of the Holy Blood in Bruges 2009 2009 ENA [24]
Belgium Leuven age set ritual repertoire 2011 2011 [25]
Belgium Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-Houtem 2010 2010 [26]
Belgium & France Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and France (fr) 2005 2008 ENA [27]
Belize, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua Language, Dance and Music of the Garifuna 2001 2008 LAC [28]
Benin, Nigeria & Togo The Oral Heritage of Gelede 2001 2008 AFR [29]
Bhutan The Mask Dance of the Drums from Drametse 2005 2008 APA [30]
Bolivia The Carnival of Oruro 2001 2008 LAC [31]
Bolivia The Andean Cosmovision of the Kallawaya 2003 2008 LAC [32]
Brazil Oral and Graphic Expressions of the Wajãpi 2003 2008 LAC [33]
Brazil The Samba de Roda of Recôncavo of Bahia 2005 2008 LAC [34]
Brazil Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of Recife 2012 2012 LAC [35]
Bulgaria The Bistritsa Babi – Archaic Polyphony, Dances and Rituals from the Shoplouk Region 2005 2008 ENA [36]
Bulgaria The Nestinarstvo – a Panagyr ritual - fire-dancing rite, on the feast days of Saints Constantine and Helena 2009 2009 ENA
Cambodia The Royal Ballet of Cambodia 2003 2008 APA [37]
Cambodia Sbek Thom, Khmer Shadow Theatre 2005 2008 APA [38]
Central African Republic The Polyphonic Singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa 2003 2008 AFR [39]
China Kunqu opera 2001 2008 APA [40]
China The Guqin and its music 2003 2008 APA [41]
China The Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang 2005 2008 APA [42]
China China engraved block printing technique 2009 2009 APA
China Chinese calligraphy 2009 2009 APA
China Chinese paper-cut 2009 2009 APA
China Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structures 2009 2009 APA
China Farmers’ dance of China’s Korean ethnic group 2009 2009 APA
China Gesar epic tradition 2009 2009 APA
China Grand song of the Dong ethnic group 2009 2009 APA
China Hua’er 2009 2009 APA
China Manas 2009 2009 APA
China Mongolian art of singing: Khoomei 2009 2009 APA
China Nanyin 2009 2009 APA
China Regong arts 2009 2009 APA
China Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of China 2009 2009 APA
China The Dragon Boat Festival 2009 2009 APA
China The Mazu belief and customs 2009 2009 APA
China The art of Chinese seal engraving 2009 2009 APA
China The craftsmanship of Nanjing Yunjin brocade 2009 2009 APA
China The traditional firing technology of Longquan celadon 2009 2009 APA
China The traditional handicrafts of making Xuan paper 2009 2009 APA
China Tibetan opera 2009 2009 APA
China Xi’an wind and percussion ensemble 2009 2009 APA
China Yueju opera 2009 2009 APA
China Beijing opera 2010 2010 APA
China Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine 2010 2010 APA
China Meshrep 2010 2010 APA [43]
China The technique of leak-proof partitions of Chinese junks 2010 2010 APA [43]
China Chinese printing with wooden movable type 2010 2010 APA [43]
China Chinese shadow puppetry 2011 2011 APA
Colombia The Carnival of Barranquilla 2003 2008 LAC [44]
Colombia The Cultural Space of Palenque de San Basilio 2005 2008 LAC [45]
Colombia Carnaval de Negros y Blancos 2009 2009 LAC
Colombia Holy Week processions in Popayán 2009 2009 LAC
Colombia The Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü'üi 2010 2010 LAC
Colombia Marimba music and traditional chants from Colombia's South Pacific region 2010 2010 LAC
Costa Rica Oxherding and Oxcart Traditions in Costa Rica 2005 2008 LAC [46]
Côte d’Ivoire The Gbofe of Afounkaha - the Music of the Transverse Trumps of the Tagbana Community 2001 2008 AFR [47]
Croatia Annual carnival bell ringers’ pageant from the Kastav area 2009 2009 ENA [48]
Croatia Gingerbread craft from northern Croatia (Licitar) 2010 2010 ENA [49]
Croatia Ojkanje singing 2010 2010 ENA [50]
Croatia Lacemaking in Croatia 2009 2009 ENA [51]
Croatia Procession Za Križen on the island of Hvar 2009 2009 ENA [52]
Croatia The Sinjska alka, a knights' tournament in Sinj 2010 2010 ENA [53]
Croatia Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani 2009 2009 ENA [54]
Croatia The festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik 2009 2009 ENA [55]
Croatia Traditional manufacturing of children’s wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje 2009 2009 ENA [56]
Croatia Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale 2009 2009 ENA [57]
Croatia Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia 2009 2011 ENA [58]
Croatia Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland 2009 2011 ENA [59]
Croatia Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia 2012 2012 ENA [60]
Cuba La Tumba Francesa 2003 2008 LAC [61]
Cyprus Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika 2009 2009 ENA
Czech Republic Slovácko Verbuňk, Dance of Recruits 2005 2008 ENA [62]
Dominican Republic The Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella 2001 2008 LAC [63]
Dominican Republic The Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition 2005 2008 LAC [64]
Ecuador The Panama Hat (toquilla straw hat) 2012 2012 LAC [65]
Egypt The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic 2003 2008 AST [66]
Estonia The Kihnu Cultural Space 2003 2008 ENA [67]
Estonia Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition 2009 2009 ENA [68]
Estonia, Latvia, & Lithuania The Baltic Song and Dance Celebrations 2003 2008 ENA [69]
France Aubusson tapestry 2009 2009 ENA
France Maloya 2009 2009 ENA [70]
France The scribing tradition in French timber framing 2009 2009 ENA
Georgia Georgian Polyphonic Singing 2001 2008 ENA [71]
Greece, Italy, Spain, Morocco The Mediterranean diet 2010 2010 ENA, AFR [72]
Guatemala The Rabinal Achí Dance Drama Tradition 2005 2008 LAC [73]
Guinea The Cultural Space of Sosso-Bala 2001 2008 AFR [74]
Hungary Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom 2009 2009 ENA
Hungary Táncház method: a model of teaching folk dance and music 2011 2011 ENA [75]
India Kutiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre 2001 2008 APA [76]
India The Tradition of Vedic Chanting 2003 2008 APA [77]
India Ramlila - the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana 2005 2008 APA [78]
India Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas 2009 2009 APA [79]
India Mudiyett: a ritual theatre of Kerala 2010 APA [80]
India Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 2010 APA [81]
India Chhau dance: a tradition from eastern India 2010 APA
India Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India 2012 APA [82]
India (with Azerbaijan, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Turkey) Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [19]
Indonesia The Wayang Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [83]
Indonesia The Indonesian Kris 2005 2008 APA [84]
Indonesia The Indonesian Batik 2009 2009 APA [85]
Indonesia The Indonesian Angklung 2010 2010 APA [86]
Indonesia Saman (Dance) 2011 APA [87]
Indonesia Noken 2012 APA [88]
Iran Radif of Iranian music 2009 2009 APA [89]
Iran (with Azerbaijan, India, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Turkey) Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [19]
Iran Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan 2010 2010 APA [90]
Iran Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars 2010 2010 APA [91]
Iran Ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye 2010 2010 APA [92]
Iran Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals 2010 2010 APA [93]
Iran Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan 2010 2010 APA [94]
Iran Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling 2011 2011 APA [95]
Iran Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf 2011 2011 APA [96]
Iraq The Iraqi Maqam 2003 2008 AST [97]
Italy Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre 2001 2008 ENA [98]
Italy Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs 2005 2008 ENA [99]
Italy Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona 2011 2012 ENA [100]
Jamaica The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town 2003 2008 LAC [101]
Japan Nôgaku Theatre 2001 2008 APA [102]
Japan Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [103]
Japan Kabuki Theatre 2005 2008 APA [104]
Japan Akiu no Taue Odori 2009 2009 APA [105]
Japan Chakkirako 2009 2009 APA [106]
Japan Daimokutate 2009 2009 APA [107]
Japan Dainichido Bugaku 2009 2009 APA [108]
Japan Gagaku 2009 2009 APA [109]
Japan Hayachine Kagura 2009 2009 APA [110]
Japan Hitachi Furyumono 2009 2009 APA [111]
Japan Koshikijima no Toshidon 2009 2009 APA [112]
Japan Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo jofu: techniques of making ramie fabric in Uonuma region, Niigata Prefecture 2009 2009 APA [113]
Japan Oku-noto no Aenokoto 2009 2009 APA [114]
Japan Sekishu-Banshi: papermaking in the Iwami region of Shimane Prefecture 2009 2009 APA [115]
Japan Traditional Ainu dance 2009 2009 APA [116]
Japan Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Gion festival 2009 2009 APA [117]
Japan Kumiodori, traditional Okinawan musical theatre 2010 2010 APA [118]
Japan Yuki tsumugi, silk fabric production technique 2010 2010 APA [119]
Japan Mibu no Hana Taue, ritual of transplanting rice in Mibu, Hiroshima 2011 2011 APA [120]
Japan Sada Shin Noh, sacred dancing at Sada shrine, Shimane 2011 2011 APA [121]
Japan Nachi no Dengaku, a religious performing art held at the Nachi fire festival 2012 2012 APA [122]
Jordan The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum 2005 2008 AST [123]
Kyrgyzstan The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers 2003 2008 APA [124]
Kyrgyzstan (with Azerbaijan, India, Iran, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Turkey) Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 2009 ENA [19]
Latvia Suiti cultural space in Alsunga 2009 2009 ENA [125]
Lithuania Cross-crafting and its Symbolism 2001 2008 ENA [126]
Lithuania Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs 2008 2010 ENA [127]
Madagascar The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry 2003 2008 AFR [128]
Malawi The Vimbuza Healing Dance 2005 2008 AFR [129]
Malawi, Mozambique & Zambia The Gule Wamkulu 2005 2008 AFR [130]
Malaysia Mak Yong Theatre 2005 2008 APA [131]
Mali The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal 2003 2008 AFR [132]
Mali The Manden Charter, proclaimed in Kurukan Fuga 2009 2009 AFR
Mali The septennial re-roofing ceremony of the Kamablon, sacred house of Kangaba 2009 2009 AFR
Mexico The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead 2003 2008 LAC [133]
Mexico Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory 2009 2009 LAC [134]
Mexico Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín 2009 2009 LAC [135]
Mexico Traditional Mexican cuisine - ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm 2010 2010 LAC [136]

[137]

Mexico Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo 2010 2010 LAC [138]
Mexico Pirekua, traditional song of the P’urhépecha 2010 2010 LAC [139]
Mongolia The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur 2003 2008 APA [140]
Mongolia The Traditional Naadam festival 2010 2010 APA [141]
Mongolia & China Urtiin Duu - Traditional Folk Long Song 2005 2008 APA [142]
Morocco The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square 2001 2008 AST [143]
Morocco The Moussem of Tan-Tan 2005 2008 AST [144]
Mozambique The Chopi Timbila 2005 2008 AFR [145]
Nicaragua El Güegüense 2005 2008 LAC [146]
Nigeria The Ifá Divination System 2005 2008 AFR [147]
Nigeria Ijele masquerade 2009 2009 AFR
Palestinian Territories The Palestinian Hikaye 2005 2008 AST [148]
Peru - Ecuador The Oral Heritage and Cultural Manifestations of the Záparo People 2001 2008 LAC [149]
Peru Taquile and its Textile Art 2005 2008 LAC [150]
Peru Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito 2010 2010 LAC [151]
Peru The scissors dance 2010 2010 LAC [152]
Peru Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru’s Huachipaire people 2011 2011 LAC [153]
Peru Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit’i 2011 2011 LAC [154]
Philippines The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao 2001 2008 APA [155]
Philippines The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao 2005 2008 APA [156]
Portugal The Fado, urban popular song of Portugal, performance genre incorporating music and poetry widely practised by various communities in the country 2011 2011 ENA [157]
Republic of Korea The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music 2001 2008 APA [158]
Republic of Korea The Pansori Epic Chant 2003 2008 APA [159]
Republic of Korea The Gangneung Danoje Festival 2005 2008 APA [160]
Republic of Korea Cheoyongmu 2009 2009 APA [161]
Republic of Korea Ganggangsullae 2009 2009 APA [162]
Republic of Korea Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut 2009 2009 APA [163]
Republic of Korea Namsadang Nori 2009 2009 APA [164]
Republic of Korea Yeongsanjae 2009 2009 APA [165]
Republic of Korea Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture 2010 2010 APA [166]
Republic of Korea Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra 2010 2010 APA [167]
Republic of Korea Jultagi, tightrope walking 2011 2011 APA [168]
Republic of Korea Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art 2011 2011 APA [169]
Republic of Korea Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region 2011 2011 APA [170]
Republic of Korea Korean folk song Arirang 2012 2012 APA [171]
Romania The Căluş Tradition 2005 2008 ENA [172]
Romania Doina 2009 2009 ENA
Russian Federation The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie 2001 2008 ENA [173]
Russian Federation The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos 2005 2008 ENA [174]
Senegal & Gambia The Kankurang, Manding Initiatory Rite 2005 2008 AFR [175]
Slovakia The Fujara and its Music 2005 2008 ENA [176]
Spain The Mystery Play of Elche 2001 2008 ENA [177]
Spain The Patum of Berga 2005 2008 ENA [178]
Spain Irrigators’ tribunals of the Spanish Mediterranean coast: the Council of Wise Men of the plain of Murcia and the Water Tribunal of the plain of Valencia 2009 2009 ENA
Spain Whistled language of the island of La Gomera 2009 2009 ENA
Spain Human towers 2010 2010 ENA
Spain Flamenco 2010 2010 ENA
Spain The chant of the Sybil on Majorca 2010 2010 ENA
Spain Festivity of ‘la Mare de Déu de la Salut’ of Algemesí 2011 2011 ENA [179]
Tonga The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga 2003 2008 APA [180]
Turkey The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers 2003 2008 APA [181]
Turkey The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony 2005 2008 APA [182]
Turkey Hacivat'la Karagöz 2009 2009 APA
Turkey Âşıklık tradition 2009 2009 APA
Uganda Barkcloth Making in Uganda 2005 2008 AFR [183]
Uruguay The Candombe and its socio-cultural space: a community practice 2009 2009 LAC
Uruguay The Tango 2009 2009 LAC
Uzbekistan The Cultural Space of the Boysun District 2001 2008 APA [184]
Uzbekistan Shashmaqom Music 2003 2008 APA [185]
Uzbekistan Katta Ashula 2009 2009 APA
Vanuatu Vanuatu Sand Drawings 2003 2008 APA [186]
Venezuela Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi 2012 2012 LAC [187]
Vietnam Nha Nhac, Vietnamese Court Music 2003 2008 APA [188]
Vietnam The Space of Gong Culture 2005 2008 APA [189]
Vietnam The Quan ho folk songs 2009 2009 APA [190]
Vietnam The Ca tru singing 2009 2009 APA [191]
Vietnam The Giong Festival at Phu Dong and Soc temples, Hanoi 2010 2010 APA [190]
Vietnam The Xoan singing of Phu Tho province, Vietnam 2011 2011 APA
Yemen The Song of Sana’a 2003 2008 AST [192]
Zambia The Makishi Masquerade 2005 2008 AFR [193]
Zimbabwe The Mbende Jerusarema Dance 2005 2008 AFR [194]

Statistics

By year

Reflecting the program’s aim of raising awareness on intangible heritage, the three instances of Proclamation saw an increasing trend in the number of candidates submitted by member states, as well as in the number of Masterpieces ultimately proclaimed:

Proclamation Date Number of Masterpieces Number of candidates
1st May 2001 19 32
2nd November 2003 28 56
3rd November 2005 43 64
4th 2009 76

By region

Reflecting in its size the vast variety and scope of intangible heritage, Asia and the Pacific Region accounts for more than a third of all the Masterpieces proclaimed. China leads the region with four Masterpieces (one shared with Mongolia), followed by India, Japan and the Republic of Korea with three each.

Region Number of Masterpieces Number of member states/territories
Africa 14 15
Arab States 8 7
Asia and the Pacific 32 18[E]
Europe and North America 19 17[F]
Latin America and the Caribbean 17 14
Total 90 71

Notes

^ A. Names and spellings used for the elements were based on the official List as published.
^ B. A total of three Proclamations of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity were made in 2001, 2003 and 2005. The proclamation was superseded in 2008 when the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity was established.
^ C. The 90 elements that were previously proclaimed as Masterpieces have been inscribed onto the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as per the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
^ D. Grouping of member states by region is based on the official List as published. Abbreviations were used for convenience:

  • AFR: Africa
  • AST: Arab States
  • APA: Asia and the Pacific
  • ENA: Europe and North America
  • LAC: Latin America and the Caribbean

^ E. Turkey is included in the Asia and the Pacific Region.
^ F. The Transcaucasian States of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, and Russian Federation are included in the Europe and North America Region.

See also

References

External links

  • Official website
  • Official website - The Intangible Heritage Lists; complete list of the proclaimed masterpieces.
es:Lista Representativa del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial de la Humanidad (UNESCO)

fr:Liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité pt:Anexo:Obras-primas do Património Oral e Imaterial da Humanidade fi:Aineettoman kulttuuriperinnön luettelo zh:人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录

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