Richard Baker (US politician)

For other people named Richard Baker, see Richard Baker (disambiguation).
Richard Baker
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 6th district
In office
January 6, 1987 – February 2, 2008
Preceded by William Henson Moore, III
Succeeded by Don Cazayoux
Louisiana State Representative from East Baton Rouge Parish
In office
1972–1987
Personal details
Born (1948-05-22) May 22, 1948 (age 66)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Political party Democratic (1972-86)
Republican (1986-present)
Spouse(s) Kay Baker
Residence Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Alma mater Louisiana State University
Occupation real estate broker
Religion Methodist [1]

Richard Hugh Baker (born May 22, 1948), an American politician, is a lobbyist and former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives,[2] having represented the 6th District of Louisiana from 1987 to 2008.

Early life and career

The son of a Methodist minister, Baker was born in New Orleans and graduated from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. He stayed in Baton Rouge after graduation and founded a real estate agency there. In 1971, just a year out of school, he was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives as a Democrat from a predominantly blue-collar district in Baton Rouge and served eight terms, eventually becoming chairman of the Transportation Committee.

Congressional career

In 1986, Baker switched to the Republicans because of a long-running feud with Governor Edwin Edwards. Soon afterwards, 6th District Republican Congressman Henson Moore, announced that he was running for the Senate seat being vacated by the retiring Russell B. Long. (Moore was defeated in that race by 7th District Democratic Congressman John Breaux). Moore encouraged Baker to run for the seat, which is based in Baton Rouge and includes most of that city's suburbs. Baker (51 percent) defeated Democrats Tommy Hudson (45 percent) and Willis Blackwell (4 percent), becoming the fourth Republican to represent Louisiana in Congress since Reconstruction—but the second to win an undisputed victory in a contested election. He was reelected without opposition in 1988 and 1990. Baker quickly compiled a very conservative voting record, in marked contrast to his Democratic roots, as evidenced by Baker's lifetime rating of 0.5 from Americans for Democratic Action, a progressive think tank.

In 1992, however, Louisiana lost a congressional seat as a result of reapportionment after the 1990 Census. Clyde C. Holloway of Forest Hill in Rapides Parish, who had represented the Alexandria-based 8th District, was placed into Baker's district. Holloway had been elected along with Baker in 1986. Holloway led in the jungle primary with 37 percent. Baker received 33 percent and Democrat Ned Randolph, then the mayor of Alexandria, received 30 percent. In the November general election, Holloway won 15 of the district's 17 parishes. Baker, however, crushed Holloway in the two largest parishes, Livingston Parish and his home base, East Baton Rouge Parish. This was enough to defeat Holloway by some 2,700 votes overall.

After being unopposed in 1994 and 1996, Baker faced Marjorie McKeithen, daughter of longtime Republican Louisiana Secretary of State Fox McKeithen and granddaughter of former Democratic Governor John McKeithen. Court-ordered redistricting before the 1996 elections had drawn considerably more blacks into the district than Baker had previously represented. Amid a nationwide backlash against Republicans for what was seen as overzealous behavior during the impeachment of Bill Clinton, Baker just barely held onto his seat by about one thousand votes, narrowly avoiding a runoff. He had a much easier time in 2000, winning 68 percent of the vote. Redistricting took some Democratic voters out of his district, including part of Pointe Coupee Parish, which helped Baker win against no major-party opposition in 2002 and two weak Democrats in 2004. In 2006 his only challenger was Libertarian Richard M. Fontanesi, and Baker won with 82% of the vote.

Baker was a former chairman of the House Financial Services Capital Markets Subcommittee, and served as its ranking Republican from 2007 to 2008. He was also a member of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and United States House Committee on Veterans' Affairs.

Hurricane Katrina

According to [1]

In the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, Baker proposed a plan to rebuild Louisiana. Commonly known as "The Baker Plan," Baker introduced legislation to create the Louisiana Recovery Corporation. The LRC would have been initially financed by the issuance of federal government bonds and would use the funds to buy properties from homeowners and business in the most devastated areas of the state. The LRC would then clean the property and sell clean titles to developers, who would then redevelop the properties in accordance with plans developed by the local governments and civic groups. The proceeds of the sales to the developers would have been used to repay the bonds used to initial finance the LRC, paying the government back for their initial loan. The homeowners would have had the option to accept the buyout and walk away, accept the buyout and retain an option to return, or refuse to sell and repair their property themselves. On the advice of Recovery Tsar Donald E. Powell, President Bush killed the LRC when he publicly announced his opposition to the bill.

Resignation

On January 15, 2008, Baker announced his intention to resign from Congress to take a lobbying position with the Managed Funds Association. He left office on February 2, 2008.[2] This triggered a special election, won by Democrat Don Cazayoux, who defeated Republican and former Democrat Woody Jenkins. Cazayoux was defeated in the regular election later in 2008 by Republican Bill Cassidy.

On February 2, the day of Baker's resignation from Congress, he and former congressional opponent Ned Randolph were inducted into the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield.

References

External links

  • Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • Federal Election Commission
  • OpenSecrets.org
  • On the Issues
  • The Washington Post
  • SourceWatch Congresspedia — Richard Baker profile
  • In 1996, Baker Requested GAO Report on HANO Mismanagement of New Orleans Public Housing.
  • 2001 Statement by Chairwoman Sue Kelly of the Subcommitte on Oversight & Investigation during hearing requested by Baker to look into HANO mismanagement of New Orleans Public Housing.
  • [2]
Preceded by
Henson Moore
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 6th congressional district

1987–2008
Succeeded by
Don Cazayoux

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