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Rizal Day bombings

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Title: Rizal Day bombings  
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Subject: Jemaah Islamiyah, Zamboanga City crisis, Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, 2007 Basilan beheading incident, Mamasapano clash
Collection: 2000 Crimes in the Philippines, 2000 in the Philippines, 20Th Century in Manila, Attacks in 2000, Crime in Metro Manila, History of Metro Manila, History of the Philippines, Improvised Explosive Device Bombings in the Philippines, Islamic Insurgency in the Philippines, Jemaah Islamiyah, Mass Murder in 2000, Moro, Railway Accidents in 2000, Railway Accidents in the Philippines, Terrorism in the Philippines, Terrorist Incidents in 2000, Terrorist Incidents on Railway Systems
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Rizal Day bombings

Rizal Day bombings
Location Metro Manila, Philippines
Date December 30, 2000 (2000-12-30) (UTC+8)
Target Plaza Ferguson, Malate, Manila;
gas station, Makati;
cargo handling area, Ninoy Aquino International Airport;
bus, plying the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue route;
train, Blumentritt station, Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1
Attack type
Black-powder bombs
Deaths 22
Non-fatal injuries
120[1]
Perpetrators Islamist terrorists

The Rizal Day bombings, also referred to as the December 30 bombings, were a series of bombings that occurred around Metro Manila in the Philippines on December 30, 2000. The explosions occurred in close succession within a span of a few hours. Twenty-two (22) fatalities were reported and around a hundred more suffered non-fatal injuries.[2][3][4]

The blasts occurred during a national holiday in the Philippines, where December 30 is known as Rizal Day, commemorating the martyrdom of the country's national hero, José Rizal.

Contents

  • Blast locations 1
  • Type of explosive employed 2
  • Perpetrators 3
  • Aftermath 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Notes 7

Blast locations

Rizal Day bombings is located in Metro Manila
Plaza Ferguson
Plaza Ferguson
Makati gas station
Makati gas station
Bus plying EDSA
Bus plying EDSA
NAIA cargo terminal
NAIA cargo terminal
Blumentritt LRT station
Blumentritt LRT station
Locations of places that were bombed.

Five locations were bombed almost simultaneously within the span of an hour. All of the locations were situated within Metro Manila on the island of Luzon.

  • A bomb exploded at Plaza Ferguson in Malate, Manila. This particular blast site is located less than a hundred meters from the United States Embassy.[2]
  • Another bomb detonated at a gasoline station in the Makati central business district. The target was a gasoline station along EDSA, across the street from the Dusit Hotel in Makati. Two policemen, members of the local bomb squad, died as a result of this explosion.[2][5]
  • Another explosive device was detonated inside a bus traveling along the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The bomb exploded while the bus was en route in the Cubao area of Quezon City. One passenger was killed while several others were injured.[2]

Type of explosive employed

The Philippine National Police identified the bombs as one-kilogram black-powder bombs, set to detonate using timing devices.

In addition, confessions by the convicted perpetrators describe the bombs as ammonium nitrate-based explosives. Most of the components of the bombs such as blasting caps and detonating cords were discovered to have come from the city of Talisay in the southern province of Cebu. The town itself is known for the production of blasting caps used in illegal fishing.[6]

Perpetrators

Initially, various Islamic groups were implicated in the bombings, including the Jemaah Islamiyah, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, and the Moro National Liberation Front.[2]

In September 2003, almost three years after the incident, the case remained unsolved as the authorities responsible were berated by then-senate president Franklin Drilon.[7]

In May 2003, Saifullah Yunos (aka Mukhlis Yunos), a suspect in the bombings, was arrested in the southern city of Cagayan de Oro as he was about to board a plane to Manila. Police were alerted to the suspect when he failed to explain numerous bandages on his face and arms.[8] A month later, he confessed to a level of involvement in the bombings. A member of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front's special operations group, he was charged with multiple murder and multiple frustrated murder for his role in the bombings.[9]

In the following years, several members of the Jemaah Islamiyah were arrested for their suspected involvement in the bombings. In 2004, two Muslim men, Mamasao Naga (aka Zainal Paks) and Abdul Pata (aka Mohamad Amir) were arrested by Philippine armed forces in Marawi City. They were supposedly identified by Fathur Rahman Al-Ghozi, a known member of the Jemaah Islamiyah, as the ones responsible for the LRT-1 train cab bombing.[3][5][10]

The MILF and the MNLF were later cleared by the Philippine National Police of any involvement in the attacks.

Fathur Rahman Al-Ghozi, an Indonesian national and member of the known terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, was convicted and sentenced to 17 years in prison for illegal possession of explosives in relation to the Rizal Day bombing incidents. In July 2003, Al-Ghozi, along with several other accomplices, escaped from their holding cell at Camp Crame.[11] Al-Ghozi was later killed in a firefight with Philippine authorities on October 13, 2003.

On January 23, 2009, the three Rizal Day bombers, Mukhlis Hadji Yunos, Abdul Fatak Paute, and Mamasao Naga were sentenced by the Manila Regional Trial Court Branch 29, under Judge Cielito Mendaro-Grulla, of up to twenty years in imprisonment for multiple murder and multiple frustrated murder.[12]

Aftermath

In December 2006, almost six years after the bombings, Metro Manila police went on heightened alert from bomb scares and the prospect of follow-up attacks on the anniversary of the bombings.[13] The AFP followed suit days after, deploying numerous bomb squads and medical teams to both Fort Bonifacio and Luneta.[14] In addition, the PNP's Explosives and Ordnance Division and SWAT deployed teams to LRT-1 stations along Taft Avenue, near one of the original bombing sites.[15]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLNCB5L3VhA
  2. ^ a b c d e f g
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
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