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Fiumicino – Leonardo da Vinci International Airport
Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroporti di Roma SpA
Serves Rome, Italy
Location Fiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889

Location in Italy
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 36,980,911
Passenger change 11-12 Decrease -1.8%
Aircraft movements 309,719
Movements change 11-12 Decrease -4.5%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti [2]

Fiumicino – Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (Italian: Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci) (IATA: FCOICAO: LIRF) or Rome Fiumicino Airport, also simply known as Fiumicino Airport, is Italy's largest airport with 37.7 million passengers served in 2011,[3] located in Fiumicino, 18.9 nautical miles (35.0 km; 21.7 mi) west southwest of Rome's historic city centre.[1]

The airport serves as a hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline. Based on total passenger numbers it was the sixth busiest airport in Europe, and the world's 29th busiest airport in 2011.

The airport is named after Italian polymath Leonardo da Vinci, who first designed a proto helicopter and a flying machine with wings. The airport covers an area of 15 square kilometres (3,700 acres).


The airport was officially opened on January 15, 1961, with two runways, replacing the small Rome Ciampino Airport which remains in service for domestic and charter operations. During the decade Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centers; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R). Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since August 20, 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Olympics.[4]

Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog.

The terminal areas were upgraded during the 1990s:[5]

  • 1991: Opening of the domestic pier with 12 loading bridges (Pier A);
  • 1995: Opening of the international pier with 10 loading bridges (Pier B);
  • 1999: Opening of the west satellite with 11 loading bridges (satellite C) and sky-bridge train connecting it with the main terminal;
  • 2000: Opening of the new domestic terminal (terminal A). Reorganization of terminal buildings, then consisting of: terminal A (and pier A), terminal AA, terminal B (and pier B), terminal C (and west satellite);
  • 2004: Opening of new cargo terminal called Cargo City;
  • 2008: Opening of terminal 5 for check-in of American carrier flights and El-Al (passengers are then bussed to the Main terminal building); serves 950,000 passengers per year. Extended work to build new pier C.
  • 2009: Renaming of terminals - A has been renamed T1, AA has become T2, B and C became T3 and T5 has remained as T5.
  • 2010: Launch of the new single Baggage Handling System (BHS) for more efficient luggage delivery.

The next commitments will be the followings:

  • completion of environment-friendly cogeneration system allowing the airport to self-produce energy;
  • the new pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to enable handling the expected growth from present-day 38 million passengers per year to 55 million by 2018.
  • Masterplan Fiumicino Nord: to 2044, AdR, will build four new terminals and two new runways. In 2044 Fiumicino's passengers will be 100 million/year.

Airlines and destinations


  • All international (non-Schengen) flights arrive at Terminal 3, through gates G and H. Terminal 5 is an isolated, departure-only facility for all US and Israel flagged carriers.[6]


Traffic and statistics

Busiest Domestic Routes from Fiumicino (2012)[7]
Rank City Passengers Airline
1 Sicily Catania, Sicily 848.081 Alitalia, Blu-express, Meridiana Fly
2 Lombardy Milan-Linate, Lombardy 700.531 Alitalia
3 Sicily Palermo, Sicily 687.273 Alitalia, Blu-express, easyJet, Wind Jet
4 Piedmont Turin, Piedmont 441.007 Alitalia, Blu-express, Meridiana Fly
5 Veneto Venice-Marco Polo, Veneto 370.235 Alitalia, easyJet
6 Sardinia Cagliari, Sardinia 341.017 Alitalia, Meridiana Fly
7 Lombardy Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy 302.254 Alitalia, easyJet
8 Calabria Lamezia Terme, Calabria 267.613 Alitalia, Blu-express
9 Apulia Bari, Apulia 262.758 Alitalia
10 Liguria Genoa, Liguria 227.632 Alitalia, Blu-express
11 Apulia Brindisi, Apulia 193.460 Alitalia
12 Calabria Reggio Calabria, Calabria 151.901 Alitalia, Blu-express
13 Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia 150.728 Alitalia
14 Campania Naples, Campania 141.750 Alitalia
15 Sardinia Alghero, Sardinia 135.558 Alitalia
Busiest European Routes from Fiumicino (2012)[7]
Rank City Passengers Airline
1 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 1.200.023 Air France, Alitalia, Kuwait Airways
2 Spain Madrid, Spain 1.127.269 Air Europa, Alitalia, easyJet, Iberia, Vueling
3 United Kingdom London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 1.034.547 Alitalia, British Airways
4 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands 928.018 Alitalia, KLM, easyJet
5 Spain Barcelona, Spain 738.061 Alitalia, Vueling
6 Germany Frankfurt am Main, Germany 715.605 Alitalia, Lufthansa
7 France Paris-Orly, France 675.243 easyJet, Vueling
8 Germany Munich, Germany 512.872 Alitalia, Lufthansa
9 Belgium Brussels, Belgium 484.861 Alitalia, Brussels Airlines
10 United Kingdom London-Gatwick, United Kingdom 464.561 British Airways, easyJet
11 Greece Athens, Greece 413.386 Aegean Airlines, Alitalia, easyJet
12 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk, Turkey^ 397.306 Alitalia, Turkish Airlines
13 Portugal Lisbon, Portugal 397.267 easyJet, TAP Portugal
14 Russia Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Russia 389.760 Aeroflot, Alitalia
15 Austria Vienna, Austria 381.827 Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, Niki
16 Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland 332.332 Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines
17 Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland 324.612 Alitalia, Darwin Airline, easyJet
18 Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark 313.657 Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
19 Romania Bucharest, Romania 310.809 Alitalia, Blue Air, TAROM
20 France Nice, France 270.457 Alitalia, Blu-express, easyJet
Busiest Intercontinental Routes from Fiumicino (2012)[7]
Rank City Passengers Airline
1 United States New York-John F. Kennedy, New York, United States 557.821 Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines
2 Israel Tel Aviv, Israel 543.644 Alitalia, Arkia, El Al, Israir Airlines, Meridiana Fly, Neos
3 United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates 498.985 Emirates, Neos
4 Canada Toronto, Ontario, Canada 311.641 Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat, Sunwing Airlines
5 Argentina Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina 272.513 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia
6 Qatar Doha, Qatar 238.549 Qatar Airways
7 Japan Tokyo-Narita, Japan 220.676 Alitalia
8 Tunisia Tunis, Tunisia 215.588 Alitalia, Tunisair
9 Egypt Cairo, Egypt 215.140 Alitalia, Egyptair
10 China Beijing, China 210.471 Air China, Alitalia
11 Brazil São Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil 209.085 Alitalia
12 Morocco Casablanca, Morocco 203.611 Alitalia, Royal Air Maroc
13 United States Atlanta, Georgia, United States 184.470 Delta Air Lines
14 United States Newark, New Jersey, United States 182.530 Alitalia, United Airlines
15 United States Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States 168.903 US Airways
16 ChinaHong Kong Hong Kong, China 146.140 Cathay Pacific
17 Turkey Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey^ 144.429 Blu-express, Pegasus Airlines
18 United States Chicago, Illinois, United States 139.173 Alitalia, American Airlines
19 Algeria Algiers, Algeria 132.545 Air Algerie, Alitalia
20 United States Miami, Florida, United States 128.479 Alitalia

^ Istanbul-Atatürk Airport is considered in Europe, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen Airport is considered in Asia.

Other facilities

All Nippon Airways has its Rome Sales Office in the Room 447 in the Office Tower (Torre Uffici), on the airport property.[8][9] Cathay Pacific has its Rome Office in Torre Uffici 2.[10]

Ground handling

Ground handling services have been provided by Aeroporti di Roma up to 1999 when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines apart from Alitalia, which continued being handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001 Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing self-handling and third party handling. Air One created EAS and started providing third-party services too. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones in Fiumicino. There are some private handlers that provide passenger assistance alone: ARE Group, Globeground Italia and ICTS Italia.

On 2 May 2006 Meridiana's passenger handling staff transferred to Alitalia Airport and the ramp transferred to Alitalia Airport in February 2007 (from Aeroporti di Roma Handling).

The ground handling deregulation has brought confusion on who does what and has decreased service levels especially on transferring baggage.

In May 2006 Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci. There are fears that luggage mishandling will go up.

In November 2006 Aeroporti di Roma Handling was sold to Flightcare (itself owned by Spanish company FCC), an Aviance member.

Security services

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato to Aeroporti di Roma in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created Airport Security (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority) and Aeroporti di Roma.

Ground transportation

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided twice an hour. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[11] The railway was scheduled to open in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[12]

Accidents and incidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964, TWA Flight 800 (1964) an engine caught fire on a Boeing 707 during take off. 50 out of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 2 February 2013, Alitalia Flight 1670, en route from Pisa International Airport to Rome, had a landing accident. Sixteen occupants were injured, two of them seriously.[13][14] The right hand main gear had collapsed and the airplane sustained damage to the fuselage and number 2 engine propeller blades as it missed the runaway and crashed a few meters beyond.


External links

  • Leonardo da Vinci international airport (English/Italian)

  • NWS
  • Aviation Safety Network
  • Boeing Company's listing of Fiumicino Airport, its runways, and noise abatement procedures
  • UK team to plan Rome Fiumicino international terminal expansion
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