World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rosa 'American Beauty'

Article Id: WHEBN0010099537
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rosa 'American Beauty'  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: American Beauty (film), Des Plaines, Illinois, American Beauty, National Cherry Blossom Festival, Beta Beta Beta
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Rosa 'American Beauty'

Rosa 'American Beauty'
Hybrid parentage Rosa hybrid
Cultivar group Hybrid Perpetual
Cultivar 'American Beauty'
Marketing names 'Mme Ferdinand Jamin'
Origin Henri Lédéchaux
(France 1875)[1]

'American Beauty' is a deep pink rose cultivar, bred by Henri Lédéchaux in France in 1875, and was originally named 'Madame Ferdinand Jamin'.

Description

The hybrid perpetual has cup-shaped flowers with a brilliant crimson colour and up to 50 petals, situated on long stiff stems. The buds are thick and globular and open to strongly scented, hybrid tea-like flowers with a diameter of 11 cm.[2] They appear in flushes over a long period, but according to the RHS Encyclopedia of Roses, only sparingly.[2]

The height of the upright, vigorous shrub ranges between 90 and 200 centimetres (3.0 and 6.6 ft) at an average width of 90 to 125 centimetres (2.95 to 4.10 ft).[1][2][3] 'American Beauty' has prickly shoots, dark green foliage and is winter hardy up to -29 °C (USDA zone 5), but is susceptible to the fungi diseases mildew, rust and black spot.[2] It is well suited as cut flower, and can be grown in greenhouses, in containers or as garden rose, planted solitary or in groups.[4][3]

History

In 1875 it was brought to the United States by George Valentine Nash. It was introduced as a new rose cultivar named 'American Beauty' by Bancroft and Field Bros in 1886, but quite soon identified as 'Madame Ferdinand Jamin'. In 1888, Bassett & Washburn first introduced the rose to other florists for purchase. It became a famous greenhouse variety and was the best selling rose cultivar in the United States until the 1920s. Due to its high price per stem (at least two dollars per stem right from its launch in 1886) and its popularity, the cultivar was called the million-dollar rose.[1] Interestingly, its popularity remained focused on the United States, while it is only rarely cultivated in other countries.[2]

Symbol

The flower is commemorated in the Joseph Lamb ragtime composition "American Beauty Rag". It makes repeated appearances in the 1999 film American Beauty. It was also featured on the cover of the Grateful Dead album American Beauty.

'American Beauty' is the official flower of the District of Columbia. It was further adopted as the formal symbol of the upscale Lord & Taylor store chain in 1943, and as the official flower of several fraternities and sororities (Sigma Phi Delta Fraternity, Mu Beta Psi Fraternity, Phi Sigma Sigma Sorority, Tau Beta Sigma Sorority, Beta Beta Beta, a coed academic fraternity for biology majors, and Alpha Rho Omega Sorority).

References

  1. ^ a b c "American Beauty". HelpMeFind.com Roses. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Charles and Brigid Quest-Ritson (2010). Rosen - die große Enzyklopädie [RHS Encyclopedia of Roses] (in German). Dorling Kindersley. p. 130. ISBN . 
  3. ^ a b Peter Beales (2002). Klassische Rosen [Classic roses] (in German). DuMont. p. 394. ISBN . 
  4. ^ Bauer, Ute; Grothe, Bärbel (2010). Quickfinder Rosen [Quickfinder Roses] (in German). Gräfe und Unzer. p. 35. ISBN . 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.