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Rot-Weiß Essen

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Title: Rot-Weiß Essen  
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Language: English
Subject: North Rhine-Westphalia, Bundesliga, Dynamo Dresden, 1. FC Magdeburg, Markus Neumayr, 1976–77 Bundesliga, 1974–75 Bundesliga, 1975–76 Bundesliga, SV Darmstadt 98, SpVgg Bayreuth
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rot-Weiß Essen

Rot-Weiss Essen
Full name Rot-Weiss Essen e. V.
Nickname(s) RWE
Founded 1 February 1907
Ground Stadion Essen
Ground Capacity 20,000
Manager Waldemar Wrobel
League Regionalliga West (IV)
2012–13 Regionalliga West (IV), 4th
Home colours
Away colours

Rot-Weiss Essen is a German association football club based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia. The club currently play in the fourth-tier Regionalliga West, at the Stadion Essen.

The team won the German Cup in 1953, and the championship in 1955. The latter success qualified them to the first season of the European Cup.


Early years

The club was formed as SV Vogelheim on 1 February 1907 out of the merger of two smaller clubs: SC Preussen and Deutsche Eiche. In 1910, Vogelheim came to an arrangement with Turnerbund Bergeborbeck that allowed the two clubs to field a football side. The footballers left in 1913 to set up their own club, Spiel- und Sportverein Emscher-Vogelheim, which changed its name to Spiel und Sport 1912 after World War I. Finally, in 1923, this side turned again to Turnerbund Bergeborbeck to create Rot-Weiss Essen.

Breakthrough to the Gauliga

In 1938, RWE broke into top-flight football in the Gauliga Niederrhein, one of sixteen premier divisions formed in the 1933 re-organization of German football under the Third Reich, and came within a point of taking the division title in 1941. In 1943 they played with BV Altenessen as the combined wartime side KSG SC Rot-Weiß Essen/BV 06 Altenessen. The next season this club was in turn joined by BVB Essen, but played only a single match in a stillborn season as World War II overtook the country.

Rise and fall

The club returned to first division football in the Oberliga West in 1948, where a series of solid performances led to a divisional championship in 1952. The pinnacle of the club's success came with a 2–1 win over Alemannia Aachen in the 1953 DFB-Pokal final, followed by a national championship in 1955 when it beat 1. FC Kaiserslautern 4–3. The following season, Rot-Weiss became the first German side to qualify for the European Cup.

Their performance tailed off after this and RWE became just another mid-table side before they were relegated in 1961. The club then played most of the 1960s as a second division side, but did manage its first appearance in the top flight Bundesliga in 1966–67. It returned to the Bundesliga for two seasons in 1969–70, and again, for four seasons beginning in 1973–74. Since then Rot-Weiss has been a solid second or third tier club, with just one season spent in the Oberliga Nordrhein (IV) in 1998–99.

The club has been plagued by financial problems that saw it denied a license in 1984, 1991, and 1994, leading to demotion from the 2.Bundesliga each time as a result. Bright spots during this period included winning the German amateur championship in 1992 and an appearance in the 1994 German Cup final, which they lost 1–3 to SV Werder Bremen.


RWE returned to the Regionalliga Nord (III) in 1999, and dropped still further to the Oberliga (IV) the next season. In 2004, they won promotion back to the 2. Bundesliga, but stumbled to a 17th place finish and were relegated once again. They reappeared in second division play on the strength of a first place Regionalliga finish, but narrowly missed staying up when they lost the critical final match of the 2006–07 season 0–3 to Duisburg. Rot-Weiss became a fourth division side following the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 and a fifth division team after insolvency 2010.

RWE won the fifth level NRW-Liga in 2010–11 and returned to Regionalliga West for the 2011–12 season.


Until 2012 Rot-Weiss played in the Georg-Melches-Stadion (capacity 15,000), named in honour of a former club president. Since August 2012 RWE plays in the new Stadion Essen (capacity 20,000). The naming rights to the stadium include RWE AG.


Although mostly playing in lower divisions, the club enjoys solid fan support, with an average attendance of better than 6,000 per game currently (2010–11).

Season Average crowd Division
2012–13 8.008 Regionalliga West (IV)
2011–12 6.815 Regionalliga West (IV)
2010–11 7.008 NRW-Liga (V)
2009–10 5.956 Regionalliga West (IV)
2008–09 7.077 Regionalliga West (IV)
2007–08 10.021 Regionalliga Nord (III)
2006–07 13.436 2. Bundesliga (II)
2005–06 12.290 Regionalliga Nord (III)
2004–05 14.176 2. Bundesliga (II)

Fortuna Düsseldorf, Rot-Weiß Oberhausen and Wuppertaler SV Borussia are local rivals when they are playing in the same league (as took place in the 2007–08 season). In the past, the local derbies versus Schwarz-Weiß Essen were big events, sometimes followed by more than 30,000 fans. The club's fiercest rivalry is with FC Schalke 04, from nearby Gelsenkirchen, with whom they contest the Ruhrderby.

The RWE followers have a strong fan friendship with SV Werder Bremen, while another with Borussia Dortmund ended.

Team trivia

  • In 1956, the team's home field became the first stadium in West Germany to have floodlights.[1]
  • In November 2005 Pelé became an honorary club member (membership number 23101940).[2][3]


Current squad

As of July 2013

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Germany GK Daniel Schwabke
22 Germany GK Philipp Kunz
2 Germany DF Tim Hermes
4 Germany DF Michael Laletin
6 Germany DF Kevin Pires-Rodrigues
8 Germany DF Alexander Langlitz
11 Germany DF Vincent Wagner
14 Germany DF Maik Rodenberg
16 Italy DF Roberto Guirino
23 Germany DF Kai Nakowitsch
26 Germany DF Thomas Denker
27 Germany DF Max Dombrowka
3 Germany MF Holger Lemke
No. Position Player
5 Germany MF Benjamin Wingerter
7 Germany MF Kevin Grund
13 Germany MF Konstantin Fring
17 Germany MF Cebio Soukou
18 Germany MF Markus Heppke (captain)
20 Croatia MF Damir Ivančičević
21 Germany MF Christoph Sauter
36 Germany MF Lukas Arenz
9 Germany FW Marcel Platzek
19 Germany FW Konstantin Sawin
30 Germany FW Benedikt Koep
33 Germany FW Christian Knappmann

Notable players

Former coaches


External links

  • Official website (German)

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