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Running gag

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Title: Running gag  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: F Troop, List of M*A*S*H characters, The Beverly Hillbillies, List of David Letterman sketches, List of Totally Spies! characters
Collection: In-Jokes, Narrative Techniques, Running Gags
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Running gag

A running gag, or running joke, is a literary device that takes the form of an amusing joke or a comical reference and appears repeatedly throughout a work of literature or other form of storytelling.[1][2]

Running gags can begin with an instance of [3] but also appear in other places, such as video games, films, books, and comic strips.

A running gag can be verbal or visual and may "convey social values by echoing belligerent speakers with a barrage of caricatured threats."[4] For example, a character may present others with a proposition that is so ridiculous or outrageous it is likely to be self-mocking to the point where the original request has little or no chance of actually being carried out and results in a humorous effect.[4] Occasionally, the characters themselves may be aware of the running gag and make humorous mention of it.

See also

References

  1. ^ "The running gag, a staple of broad comedy, depends on the watcher's reference to the passage of time".Byron, Mark S (2007). Samuel Beckett's Endgame. Editions Rodopi B.V. p. 82.  
  2. ^ "The running gag has long been recognised as a standard ingredient of slapstick comedy ..." Beaver, Frank Eugene (2007). Dictionary of film terms: the aesthetic companion to film art. Peter Lang Publishing Inc. p. 207.  
  3. ^ "... the running gag and the catchphrase, both important staples in most situation comedies …" Neale and Krutnik. Popular film and television comedy. , quoted in Morgan-Russell, Simon (2004). Jimmy Perry and David Croft. Manchester University Press. p. 2.  
  4. ^ a b Brunvand, Jan Harold. American Folklore : An Encyclopedia Garland Reference Library of the Humanities ; Vol. 1551. New York Garland, 1998. p. 719.  
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