World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Russia–Saudi Arabia relations


Russia–Saudi Arabia relations

Russia–Saudi Arabia relations
Map indicating locations of Russia and Saudi Arabia


Saudi Arabia

Russia–Saudi Arabia relations (Russian: Российско-саудовские отношения) (Arabic: العلاقات السعودية الروسية‎) is the relationship between the two countries, Russia and Saudi Arabia. The relations between the two countries are currently strong in military and technical cooperation.


  • Saudi Arabia and the Soviet Union 1
  • Saudi Arabia and Russia 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5
    • Diplomatic missions 5.1

Saudi Arabia and the Soviet Union

The first country to establish full diplomatic relations with Hijaz (the name of the Saudi state until 1932) was the Soviet Union.[1][2] The relations began in 1926.[3]

However, relations cooled later on, with Saudi Arabia closing their legation in Moscow in 1938 and refusing to reestablish relations. Diplomatic relations were only reestablished after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the Russian Federation.[4] Despite a lack of relations, about 20 Soviet Muslims were allowed to annually make the Hajj from 1946 until 1990 when liberalization allowed thousands of Soviet Muslims to attend.[5] Relations were strained in the 1980s by Saudi support for the Mujahideen during the Soviet war in Afghanistan and the close alliance with the United States.

Saudi Arabia and Russia

Russian President Vladimir Putin met King Abdullah in Riyadh during a high level delegation visit on February 11–12, 2007. It was the first official visit for a Russian leader to the Kingdom. The visit was an opportunity for Moscow to improve its relations with Riyadh regarding various areas, including regional security issues, energy, trade, transportation, scientific cooperation and exchanges. King Abdullah's visit to Russia in 2003, as Crown Prince, was an opening in high level contacts between the countries which did not have diplomatic ties from 1938 until 1990.

After the King Abdullah said that he had the full understanding of the Russian side on the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, however, Saudi Arabia did not recognize the two regions yet.

See also


  1. ^ Ismael, Tareq Y., The Communist Movement in the Arab World. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. p. 9.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • (Russian) Documents on the Russia – Saudi Arabia relationship at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Diplomatic missions

  • (Arabic) (Russian)
  • (Russian) Consulate-General of Russia in Jeddah
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.