World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000350613
Reproduction Date:

Title: Saarlouis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ford Fiesta, Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Bundesautobahn 620, Ford Capri, Michel Ney
Collection: Saarlouis (District), Towns in Saarland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Ludwigskirche (Saint Louis Church)
The Ludwigskirche (Saint Louis Church)
Coat of arms of Saarlouis
Coat of arms
Saarlouis   is located in Germany
Country Germany
State Saarland
District Saarlouis
 • Mayor Roland Henz (SPD)
 • Total 43.27 km2 (16.71 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 34,354
 • Density 790/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 66740
Dialling codes 06831
Vehicle registration SLS

Saarlouis (German pronunciation: ; French: Sarrelouis, French pronunciation: ​) is a city in the Saarland, Germany, capital of the district of Saarlouis. In 2006, the town had a population of 38,327. Saarlouis, as the name implies, is located at the River Saar. It was built as a fortress in 1680 and named after Louis XIV of France.


  • History 1
  • Fortifications 2
  • Economics and infrastructure 3
  • Town twinning 4
  • Famous people 5
  • Gallery 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8
  • References 9


The Fortress of Saarlouis in 1693.

With the Treaties of Peace of Nijmegen in 1678/79, the Lorraine fell to France. In 1680, Louis XIV of France gave order to build a fortification (to defend the new French Eastern frontier) on the banks of the river Saar which was called Sarre-Louis. France's famous military engineer, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, constructed the city, the plans were made by Thomas de Choisy, the city's first Gouvenour. In 1683, Louis XIV visited the fortress and granted arms. The coat of arms shows the rising sun and three Fleur-de-lis. The heraldic motto is Dissipat Atque Fovet: He (the Sun) dispels (the clouds) and heats (the earth).

In 1697, with the Treaty of Ryswick, most parts of Lorraine gained independence again, but Saarlouis and the surrounding areas remained a French exclave. During the French Revolution, the town was renamed Sarre-Libre, but it returned to its original name in 1810. With the Treaty of Paris in 1815, Saarlouis (and the whole region later known as the Saargebiet) became Prussian.

After the First World War, French troops occupied Saarlouis. The Saargebiet became a protectorate of the League of Nations for a period of 15 years. In 1933, a considerable number of anti-Nazi Germans fled to the Saar, as it was the only part of Germany left outside the Third Reich's control. As a result, anti-Nazi groups campaigned heavily for the Saarland to remain under control of League of Nations as long as Adolf Hitler ruled Germany. However, long-held sentiments against France remained entrenched, with very few sympathizing openly with France. When the 15-year-term was over, a plebiscite was held in the territory on 13 January 1935: 90.3% of those voting wished to rejoin Germany.

From 1936 till 1945, Saarlouis was named as Saarlautern (-lautern being a common ending of town and village names in Germany) in an attempt by the Nazis to Germanise the town name.

After the Second World War, the region (then called the Saarland), was again occupied by France. In a plebiscite in 1955, most of the people in the Saarland opted for the reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany, and on 1 January 1957, it became the 10th federal state of West Germany.

In 1980, Saarlouis celebrated its 300th anniversary.


Even today, the fortress dominates the city's hexagonal floor plan. Beside the buildings made by Vauban, there are also some constructions left from the 19th century when the Prussians got control over the town. After 1887, some parts of the fortress were slighted, but many buildings and places, e.g. the casemates, some barracks and the Great Market with the Commander's Office and the Vauban island, a former ravelin with a memorial for Michel Ney can still be seen today.

Economics and infrastructure

Saarlouis was famous for its nearby steel and iron ore production and its nearby mining facilities. Today, the Ford Motor Company is the city's largest employer, producing the Ford Focus and Ford Kuga. The plant in the Roederberg suburb is one of Ford's most efficient facilities worldwide.

Inland Port Saarlouis/Roden

The industrial port in Saarlouis-Roden is Germany's 8th largest inland port. Saarlouis is also known for chocolate.

The city is located 20 minutes' drive from France, and 45 minutes from Luxembourg City, the capital of Luxembourg. It is connected to Saarbrücken by the A 620 and with Luxembourg by the A 8.

Town twinning

Famous people


See also

External links

  • City of Saarlouis
  • Fire Brigade of Saarlouis (Saarlouis has one of the oldest Volunteer fire departments of Germany)
  • History of Saarlouis 1 and Saarlouis 2 (renamed to Saarlautern) 1936-1945
  • History of one of the most favomous companies in Saarlouis: Donnerbräu


  1. ^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung - Stand: 31.12.2013 (Basis Zensus 2011)" (PDF).  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.