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Sachin State

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Sachin State

Sachin State
સચીન રિયાસત
سچن ریاست
Princely State of British India
1791–1948

Flag of Sachin

Flag

Location of Sachin
Sachin State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 •  Established 1791
 •  Independence of India 1948
Area
 •  1931 127 km2 (49 sq mi)
Population
 •  1931 22,107 
Density 174.1 /km2  (450.8 /sq mi)
Today part of Surat district, Gujarat State
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
Nawab Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II of Sachin (1833-1873)
Sachin State Merchant Flag
Nawab of Sachin Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III withheld public recognition of his marriage to Fatima Begum.

The Sachin State (; Urdu: سچن ریاست‎) was a princely state belonging to the Surat Agency, former Khandesh Agency, of the Bombay Presidency during the era of the British Raj. Its capital was in Sachin, the southernmost town of present-day Surat district of Gujarat State.

History

Sachin state was founded on 6 June 1791. Although over 85% of the subjects were Hindu, the state was ruled by Sunni Muslims of the Sidi dynasty of Danfa-Rajpuri and Janjira State. The Sidi dynasty was of African origin.[1]

Sachin State was under the protection of the Maratha Peshwa until it became a British protectorate. The state became bankrupt in 1829 and during the period between 1835 and 1864 the state was under British civil administration. It had its own cavalry, currency, and stamped paper, as well as a state band that included Africans.

Fatima Begum (1892 - 1983), one of the early superstars in Indian cinema and India's first female film director, was allegedly married to Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III of Sachin State. But Sachin royal family sources cast a veil over this[2] claiming no record of a marriage or contract having taken place between the Nawab and Fatima Bai or of the Nawab having officially recognised their children, Sultana, Zubeida and Shehzadi, as his own.[3] Sultana, the daughter of Fatima Begum,[4] became a leading figure in early Indian movies.[5] Zubeida, leading actress of India's first talkie film Alam Ara (1931), was her younger sister.[6]

Nawab Sidi Ibrahim Muhammad Yakut Khan III, Sachin State's last ruler, signed the accession to join the Indian Union on 8 March 1948. The state then became part of Surat district in Bombay Province.[7][8]

After the Partition Zubaida stayed in India, while her sister Sultana moved to Pakistan where she married and had a daughter, Jamila Razzaq, who became a prominent Pakistani actress in the decade between the mid 1950s and the mid 1960s.[9]

Rulers

The rulers of Sachin State bore the title 'Nawab' and were granted the right of a 9 gun salute by the British authorities.[10]

Nawabs

  • 6 Jun 1791 - 9 Jul 1802 Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan I (b. 17.. - d. 1802)
  • 9 Jul 1802 - 25 Mar 1853 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan I (d. 1853)
  • 25 Mar 1853 – 1 Dec 1868 Abdul Karim Mohammad Yakut Khan II (b. 1802 - d. 1868)
  • 1 Dec 1868 – 4 Mar 1873 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan II (b. 1833 - d. 1873)
  • 4 Mar 1873 - 7 Jan 1887 Abdul Kadir Khan (b. 1865 - d. 1896)
  • 4 Mar 1873 - Jul 1886 .... -Regent
  • 7 Feb 1887 - 19 Nov 1930 Ibrahim Mohammad Yakut Khan III (b. 1886 - d. 1930)
  • 7 Feb 1887 - 4 May 1907 .... -Regent
  • 19 Nov 1930 - 15 Aug 1947 Haydar Mohammad Yakut Khan (b. 1909 - d. 1970)

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ RoyalArk - Princely State of Sachin 3
  3. ^ Sachin Princely State (9 gun salute)
  4. ^
  5. ^ Indian films and posters from 1930
  6. ^
  7. ^ Hunter, Sir William Wilson. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. London, Trübner & Co., 1885
  8. ^ Malleson, G. B. An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  9. ^ Jamila Razzaq and Zubaida
  10. ^ Princely States of India

External links

  • Early Indian Movies

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