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Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

Sagar
सागर
City
Sagar is located in Madhya Pradesh
Sagar
Coordinates:
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Sagar
Area
 • Metro 49.763 km2 (19.214 sq mi)
 • Sagar Division 6,375 km2 (2,461 sq mi)
Elevation 427 m (1,401 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 273,282
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 470001,2,3,4
Telephone code 91 7582
Vehicle registration MP-15
Spoken Languages Hindi, Bundeli
Website .in.nic.sagarwww

Sagar (Saugor), (Hindi: सागर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Situated on a spur of the Vindhya Range and above sea-level. The city is around 180 kilometres (110 mi) northeast of state capital, Bhopal. Its original name 'Saugor' is an amalgamation of two words: sau meaning 100 and gahr meaning forts; there were countless small-forts in this region. With time the name has changed from 'Saugor' to 'Sagar'.[1][2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Climate 2
  • Demographics 3
  • References 4

History

The ancient Indian kingdom of Chedi had its capital as "Suktimati", which is located in Sagar in contemporary times. History of Sagar District was not known before 1022 A.D., after that all the records are available.Firstly, Sagar was under the rule of Ahir Rajas and their capital was at "Garhpehra". in 1660 A.D. Udenshah founded the present Sagar Town.[3] Sagar owes its importance to having been made the capital of the Maratha governor Govind Pant Bundele who established himself here in 1735. By a treaty concluded with the Maratha Peshwa in 1818, at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the greater part of the present district was made over to the British. The town became the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, then attached to the North-Western Provinces. The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories later became part of the Central Provinces (afterwards Central Provinces and Berar) and Sagar District was added to Jabalpur Division. During the Revolt of 1857 the whole district was in the possession of the rebels, except the town and fort, in which the British were shut up for eight months, until relieved by Sir Hugh Rose. The rebels were totally defeated and British rule restored by March 1858.

Climate

Sagar has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Very heavy rain falls in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Sagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.2
(90)
35.0
(95)
39.1
(102.4)
42.8
(109)
46.0
(114.8)
44.8
(112.6)
40.0
(104)
35.3
(95.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
34.6
(94.3)
30.6
(87.1)
46
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90)
37.8
(100)
40.6
(105.1)
37.2
(99)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
28.7
(83.7)
25.1
(77.2)
31.13
(88.06)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
19.9
(67.8)
25.3
(77.5)
30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.4
(72.3)
18.3
(64.9)
25.27
(77.47)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
13.0
(55.4)
18.3
(64.9)
23.3
(73.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.4
(77.7)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
11.5
(52.7)
19.33
(66.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.9
(40.8)
9.8
(49.6)
14.3
(57.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
17.0
(62.6)
12.1
(53.8)
9.1
(48.4)
6.0
(42.8)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.06)
14
(0.55)
4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
16
(0.63)
170
(6.69)
350
(13.78)
467
(18.39)
162
(6.38)
33
(1.3)
19
(0.75)
15
(0.59)
1,279
(50.36)
Average rainy days 2.3 2.3 0.8 0.2 1.9 9.6 16.5 19.7 10.0 2.2 0.9 1.2 67.6
Average relative humidity (%) 49 43 32 25 29 55 81 86 75 52 43 49 51.6
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [4]

Demographics

As of the 2011[5] India census, Sagar had a population of 2,378,458of which male and female were 1,256,257 and 1,122,201 respectively. In 2001 census, Sagar had a population of 2,021,987 of which males were 1,073,205 and remaining 948,782 were females. Average literacy rate of Sagar in 2011 were 76.46 compared to 67.73 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 84.85 and 67.02 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 79.41 and 54.35 in Sagar District. Total literate in Sagar District were 1,545,719 of which male and female were 908,607 and 637,112 respectively. In 2001, Sagar District had 1,118,993 literates in its district.

Religion in Sagar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
65%
Muslims
  
11%
Jains
  
22%
Others†
  
1.50%
Christians
  
.50%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (1%), Buddhists (<0.5%).

References

  1. ^ "About Sagar". Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Sagar Places To Visit". www.touristlink.com. Tourist Link. 
  3. ^ Arun K. Jain, A. N. Sharma (2006). "The Beria (Rai Dancers): A Socio-demographic, Reproductive, and Child Health Care Practices Profile". Berias. Sarup & Sons. p. 13.  
  4. ^ "Sagar Climate Normals 1971-1990".  
  5. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/294-sagar.html
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