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Saheb Qiblah Fultali

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Saheb Qiblah Fultali

Saheb Qiblah Fultali
Native name আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী
Born Muhammad Abdul Latif Chowdhury
25 May 1913
Zakiganj, Sylhet Division, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 16 January 2008 (aged 94-95)
Sylhet Division, Bangladesh
Cause of death
Natural causes
Nationality Bangladeshi
Other names Saheb Qiblah Fultali,
Raisul Qurra,
Ustad Muhaddisin,
Shamsul Ulama,
Mujahidul Bulbul
Ethnicity Bengali
Alma mater Fultali Alia Madrasah
Badarpur Senior Madrashah
Madrasha e Alia Rampur
Matlaul Ulum Madrashah
Years active 1940–2008
Religion Sunni Islam
Parents Abdul Majid Chowdhury (father)
Relatives Abu Yusuf Shah Muhammad Ya'qub Badarpuri (father-in-law)
Website
.com.fultaliwww

Abdul Latif Chowdhury (Bengali: আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী; 25 May 1913 – 16 January 2008), widely known as Saheb Qiblah Fultali, was an Islamic scholar of theology, philosopher, murshid, spiritual esotericist, spiritual leader, and awliya of Ahl as sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘ah.

Early life

Abdul Latif Chowdhury Saheb Qiblah Fultali was born in the village of Fultali, Zakiganj, Sylhet Division, British India (now Bangladesh).[1][2]

Background

Fultali was based upon the Jainpuri silsilah and a descendant of the renowned sage Shah Ala Baksh who is the descendant of Shah Kamal a famous companion of Shah Jalal. His family lineage is; Abdul Latif Chowdhury son of Abdul Majid Chowdhury son of Shah Muhammad Hiron son of Shah Muhammad Danish son of Shah Muhammad Sadeq son of Shah Muhammad Elahi Baksh son of Shah Muhammad Ala Baksh.[1][3]

Education

Fultali received his basic education from his own family, he was taught by his cousin, Fatir Ali, while studying at primary school. He was then admitted to Fultali Alia Madrasah, where he studied qirat and tajweed. 1336 AH, Fultali enrolled in Rangauti Madrasah and studied there successfully finishing higher secondary education.[4]

1338 AH, he enrolled into Badarpur Senior Madrasah. For higher education he studied Fanunnat at Rampur Alia Madrasah in India and completed various Islamic sciences. He then enrolled into Matlaul Ulum Madrasah to specialise in Hadith. He studied there for a few years and obtained first class, first position in the final Hadith exam in 1355 AH. He also attained degrees in Tafsir and Fiqh.[4]

In 1355 AH, studied and obtained ijazah for Hadith after achieving outstanding results in the faculty of Hadith, he obtained first class honours. He also acquired masters in |Ilm-e-Tafsir and Ilm-e-Fiqh.[4]

Career

In 1940, Fultali founded the Darul Qirat Majidiah Trust and institutionalized his effort to teach the perfect recitation of the Quran. Now there are more than a thousand branches of the trust throughout the world engaged in educating people in the field of Tajweed.[3][5]

In 1978, Fultali established Madrasah-e-Darul Qirat Majidiah UK, which has since vastly expanded (now known as [3][5][6]

Organisations

  • Darul Qirat Majidiah Fultali Trust
  • Anjumane Al Islah, Bangladesh
  • Anjumane Al Islah, United States
  • Anjumane Al Islah, United States
  • Bangladesh Anjumane Talamije Islamia
  • Anjumane Madarise Arabia
  • Darul Hadis Latifiah
  • Darul Qirat Majidiah, United Kingdom
  • Latifiah Qari Society
  • Latifiah Qari Society, United Kingdom
  • Latifiah Yatimkhana
  • Ulama Society, United Kingdom
  • Al Islah Youth Forum, United Kingdom

Death

On Thursday 16 January 2008 at 2:10am, Fultali died in his home town of Sylhet due to natural causes. His janazah (Islamic funeral) took place the day after his death following Asr Salah (prayer) and reports estimate that between 2 and 2.5 million attended his janazah.[2][7][8]

Books

  • Al-Qawlus Sadeed fil Qir’at wat-Tajweed, a comprehensive guide to the rule of correct Qur'anic recitation. Composed originally in Urdu, it has been translated in Bengali and English.
  • At-Tanweer ala at-Tafsir, an in-depth elucidation of Sura Al-Baqarah.
  • Muntakhab-us Siyar, the biography of Prophet Muhammad in three volumes.
  • Anwar-us-Salikeen, an Urdu work in the field of Tasawwuf, explaining the different stages of the path for the seeker, and elucidating on how to nurture oneself in preparation for the sacred path.
  • Shajara-e-Tayyibah, the names of the spiritual masters of the Tariqahs Chisti, Qadiri, Naqshbandi and Mujaddidiyya.
  • Al-Khutba tul Ya’qubiyyah, a compilation of khutbahs (sermons) in Arabic, including the khutbah for the two ‘Eids (Islamic festivals) and the khutbah for Nikah (marriage)
  • Nala-e-Qalandar, an Urdu compilation of ode in veneration of the Prophet Muhammad and the Awliya.
  • Nek A'mal, a work in Bengali, elucidating on good actions and the rewards gained for action upon them.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Family Background". Fultali. 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Gani, Muhammad Usman. "স্মৃতির গগনে উজ্জ্বল ধ্রুবতারা আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব কিবলাহ্ র.". Kazirbazar.com. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "শামসুল উলামা হযরত ফুলতলী (রহ:) ৪র্থ ওফাত দিবস কাল". Uttorpurbo. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Educational Background". Fultali. 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "His Work". Fultali. 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "ব্রিকলেন মসজিদে আব্দুল লতিফ চৌধুরী ফুলতলী'র (র") ইছালে ছওয়াব সওয়াব". Bangla Times. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Latest News". Fultali. 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "আল্লামা ফুলতলী ছাহেব ক্বিবলাহ ছিলেন বরেণ্য ওলীয়ে কামিল". BANews24.com. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Mujahid Islam Bulbul, Biography of Allama Saheb Qibla Fultali (R.A.)
  • Allamah Fultali Sahib Qiblah. Ahl-e Muhabba. 17 January 2010
  • Bangladeshi diaspora in the UK
  • Sociology of Diaspora: A Reader. Rawat Publications. 2007. p. 726.  
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