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Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics

Sailing
at the Games of the XI Olympiad
1936 Olympic Trophee Plant
Venues Firth of Kiel
Dates First race: 4 August 1936 (1936-08-04)
Last race: 12 August 1936 (1936-08-12)
Sailors 169 from 26 countries
Boats 59
Top ranked countries
Germany: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Great Britain: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Netherlands: 1st  2nd  3rd  

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens  Greece). With the exception of the 1904 and possibly the 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1936 consisted of a total of four sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 4–12 August in the Firth of Kiel.

Contents

  • Venue 1
  • Competition 2
    • Overview 2.1
    • Continents 2.2
    • Countries 2.3
    • Classes (equipment) 2.4
  • Medal summary 3
  • Medal tables 4
    • Medal table 4.1
    • Sailing 1896–1936 4.2
  • Remarks 5
    • Sailing 5.1
    • Media 5.2
    • Sailors 5.3
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

Venue

Starting during the 1936 Kieler Olympics
Coordinates:

For the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics a choice had to be made between the Berliner Müggel Lake district or the Kiel area. Finally the Organizing committee made the decision in favour of the big boats and picked Kiel.

As a result of the distance between Berlin to Kiel, a special committee for Yachting sprung to life to assist the Organizing Committee for the XIth Olympiad. Since Kiel was mainly a military port this Committee had to cooperate not only with the local authorities but also with the Commander of the German Fleet in Kiel to ensure the success of the races.

One race area was created to the East of Schielksee and two in the harbor area more into the fjord.

The start was made in the center of a set of 8 numbered marks that were places in a circle. During the starting procedure the sequence of the marks was communicated to the sailors. By picking the mark that was most upwind the start could always be made upwind. This system is, at least in certain German lakes, still in use.

Competition

Overview

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
3 26 4 59 167 2[1]

Continents

  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Americas

Countries

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1936 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
Argentina Austria Belgium
Brazil Canada Chile
Czechoslovakia Denmark Estonia
Finland France Great Britain
Germany Hungary Italy
Japan Netherlands Norway
Poland Portugal Sweden
Switzerland Turkey United States
Uruguay Yugoslavia

Classes (equipment)

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
O-Jolle Dinghy 1 0 + 1936 1
Star Keelboat 2 1 + + 1932 2
6 Metre Keelboat 4 0 + + + 1908 7
8 Metre Keelboat 6 0 + + + 1908 7

= Male, = Female, = Open

1936 Olympic Classes designs
 

O-Jolle: Single handed dinghy[2] 6 Metre: Five persons keelboat 8 Metre: Six persons keelboat

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze

1936: O-Jolle

 Netherlands (NED)
Daan Kagchelland
 Germany (GER)
Werner Krogmann
 Great Britain (GBR)
Peter Scott



1936: Star

 Germany (GER)
Peter Bischoff
Hans-Joachim Weise
 Sweden (SWE)
Arvid Laurin
Uno Wallentin
 Netherlands (NED)
Bob Maas
Willem de Vries Lentsch



1936: 6 Metre

 Great Britain (GBR)
Christopher Boardman
Miles Bellville
Russell Harmer
Charles Leaf
Leonard Martin
 Norway (NOR)
Magnus Konow
Karsten Konow
Fredrik Meyer
Vaadjuv Nyqvist
Alf Tveten
 Sweden (SWE)
Sven Salén
Lennart Ekdahl
Martin Hindorff
Torsten Lord
Dagmar Salén



1936: 8 Metre

 Italy (ITA)
Giovanni Reggio
Bruno Bianchi
Luigi De Manincor
Domenico Mordini
Enrico Poggi
Luigi Poggi
 Norway (NOR)
Olaf Ditlev-Simonsen
John Ditlev-Simonsen
Hans Struksnæs
Lauritz Schmidt
Jacob Thams
Nordahl Wallem
 Germany (GER)
Hans Howaldt
Fritz Bischoff
Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Eduard Mohr
Felix Scheder-Bieschin
Otto Wachs

Medal tables

Medal table

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 1 1 1 3
2  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 1 0 1 2
4  Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
5  Norway (NOR) 0 2 0 2
6  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 1 2
Total 4 4 4 12

Sailing 1896–1936

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 12 7 1 20
2  United Kingdom 10 3 3 16
3  France 5 7 7 19
4  Sweden 5 5 4 14
5  Netherlands 3 3 2 8
6  Belgium 2 2 1 5
7  United States 2 1 1 4
8  Germany 1 2 1 4
9  Italy 1 0 0 1
  Switzerland 1 0 0 1
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
12  Denmark 0 3 0 3
13  Finland 0 1 4 5
14  Canada 0 1 1 2
15  Spain 0 0 1 1
 Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 17 43 35 28 106

Remarks

Sailing

  • This Summer Olympics established Sailing as a full mature Olympic sport after a long struggle to get a unified International standard set of rules.
  • Each Olympic Gold medalist was also given a plant during the prize giving ceremony.
  • Spain withdrew from sailing before the opening ceremony, as part of its boycott of the 1936 Summer Olympics.
  • The Swiss 6 Metre was eliminated for all races since the helmsmen turned out not to be an amateur.
  • Many protests in the Metre classes were filed. Speculations were made about whether this was due to the scoring system. One of the reasons was probably the close racing.
  • The Olympic flame was burning on a Hanseatic galleon in the harbor of Kiel.
  • In total a number of 257 participants were entered. 169 of them competed, the others were reserves or team managers and so on.

Media

  • A floating transmission station was used for reporting the race events to shore.
  • New media was also used in the protest room. On the footage made from a Zeppelin, for the film Olympia of Leni Riefenstahl, an incident was observed by the jury between Sweden and Finland in race No. VI of the 8 Metre. As result both teams were disqualified.

Sailors

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1936 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1936 Olympic Games
In O-Jolle:
Peter Scott 
In 8 Metre:
Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (Owner). 
In 8 Metre:
Hans Howaldt (Skipper). 

Notes

  1. ^ In several sources 4 women are mentioned, but not by name. In the final results only 2 are listed. Probably the other two, one from Sweden and one from the USA, were reserves.
  2. ^ * The zeppelin for the making of the Leni Riefenstahl is shown on this picture.

References

  • (ed.) Richter, Dr. Friedrich (1936). The XITH Olympic Games Berlin, 1936: Officiel Report, Volume I (PDF). Berlin: the Organisationskomitee für die XI. Olympiade Berlin 1936 e.V. 
  • (ed.) Richter, Dr. Friedrich (1936). The XITH Olympic Games Berlin, 1936: Officiel Report, Volume II (PDF). Berlin: the Organisationskomitee für die XI. Olympiade Berlin 1936 e.V. 
  • Hugh Drake &  
  • "Berlin 1936". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. 
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