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Sailing at the 1960 Summer Olympics

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Title: Sailing at the 1960 Summer Olympics  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1960 Summer Olympics, Olympic sailing classes, Sailing at the 1924 Summer Olympics, Hans Fogh, Birabongse Bhanudej
Collection: 1960 in Sailing, 1960 Summer Olympics Events, Sailing at the Summer Olympics
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Sailing at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Sailing
at the Games of the XVII Olympiad
Venues Gulf of Naples
Dates First race: 29 August 1960 (1960-08-29) (Meulan)
Last race: 7 September 1960 (1960-09-07)
Sailors 287 from 46 countries
Boats 138
Top ranked countries
Denmark: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Soviet Union: 1st  2nd  3rd  
United States: 1st  2nd  3rd  

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1960 consisted of a total of five sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 29 August 1960 to 7 September 1960 off the coast of Naples at the Gulf of Naples.

The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses. The start was made in the center of a set of 8 numbered marks that were places in a circle. During the starting procedure the sequence of the marks was communicated to the sailors. By picking the mark that was most upwind the start could always be made upwind. This system is, at least in certain German lakes, still in use.

Contents

  • Venue 1
  • Competition 2
    • Overview 2.1
    • Continents 2.2
    • Countries 2.3
    • Classes (equipment) 2.4
  • Medal summary 3
  • Medal tables 4
    • Sailing 1960 4.1
    • Sailing 1896–1960 4.2
  • Remarks 5
    • Measurement 5.1
    • Sailing 5.2
    • Sailors 5.3
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

Venue

Port of S. Lucia
Coordinates:

In the Santa Lucia, three ports were used for launching and mooring of the Olympic classes:

  • Mergellina, for Finn (Sea Garden) and Flying Dutchman (Posillipo)
  • Borgo Marinari, for Dragons
  • Molosiglio, for Star and 5.5 Metre
Three course areas were used:
Area Principal race officer Classes Committee vessel
Azzurro Marino Tarabocchia Finn Gaggia
Giallo Egisto Picchi Flying Dutchman
Star
Timo
Rosso Luigi Mino Poggi Dragon
5.5 Metre
Giaggiolo

Competition

Overview

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
5 46 5 138 287 0

Continents

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Oceania
  • Europe
  • Americas


Countries

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1960 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
 Argentina (ARG)  Australia (AUS)  Austria (AUT)
 Bahamas (BAH)  Belgium (BEL)  Bermuda (BER)
 Burma (BIR)  Brazil (BRA)  British West Indies (BWI)
 Canada (CAN)  Cuba (CUB)  Denmark (DEN)
 Spain (ESP)  Finland (FIN)  France (FRA)
 Great Britain (GBR)  Germany (GER)  Greece (GRE)
 Hungary (HUN)  India (IND)  Ireland (IRL)
 Italy (ITA)  Japan (JPN)  Kenya (KEN)
 Lebanon (LIB)  Morocco (MAR)  Mexico (MEX)
 Malta (MLT)  Monaco (MON)  Netherlands (NED)
 Norway (NOR)  New Zealand (NZL)  Philippines (PHI)
 Portugal (POR)  Rhodesia (RHO)  South Africa (RSA)
 Singapore (SIN)  Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)
 Thailand (THA)  Turkey (TUR)  Soviet Union (URS)
 Uruguay (URU)  United States (USA)  Venezuela (VEN)
 Yugoslavia (YUG)

Classes (equipment)

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Finn Dinghy 1 0 + 1952 3
Flying Dutchman Dinghy 2 1 + + + 1960 1
Star Keelboat 2 0 + + 1932 6
Dragon Keelboat 3 0 + + + 1948 4
5.5 Metre Keelboat 3 0 + + + 1952 3

= Male, = Female, = Open

1960 Olympic Classes designs
 

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze

1960: Finn

 Denmark (DEN)
Paul Elvstrøm
 Soviet Union (URS)
Aleksander Tšutšelov
 Belgium (BEL)
André Nelis



1960: Flying Dutchman

 Norway (NOR)
Peder Lunde, Jr.
Bjørn Bergvall
 Denmark (DEN)
Hans Fogh
Ole Erik Petersen
 Germany (EUA)
Rolf Mulka
Ingo Von Bredow



1960: Star

 Soviet Union (URS)
Timir Pinegin
Fyodor Shutkov
 Portugal (POR)
Mário Quina
José Manuel Quina
 United States (USA)
William Parks
Robert Halperin



1960: Dragon

 Greece (GRE)
HRH Crown Prince Constantine
Odysseus Eskidioglou
Georgios Zaimis
 Argentina (ARG)
Jorge Salas Chávez
Héctor Calegaris
Jorge del Río Sálas
 Italy (ITA)
Antonio Cosentino
Antonio Ciciliano
Giulio De Stefano



1960: 5.5 Metre

 United States (USA)
James Hunt
David Smith
 Denmark (DEN)
William Berntsen
Steen Christensen
Sören Hancke
 Switzerland (SUI)
Henri Copponex
Pierre Girard
Manfred Metzger

Medal tables

Sailing 1960

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Denmark (DEN) 1 2 0 3
2  Soviet Union (URS) 1 1 0 2
3  United States (USA) 1 0 1 2
4  Greece (GRE) 1 0 0 1
 Norway (NOR) 1 0 0 1
6  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
8  Belgium (BEL) 0 0 1 1
 Germany (EUA) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1
Total 5 5 5 15

Sailing 1896–1960

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 15 9 1 25
2  Great Britain 11 5 5 21
3  United States 8 3 4 15
4  Sweden 7 7 7 21
5  France 5 7 7 19
6  Denmark 4 6 1 11
7  Netherlands 3 3 4 10
8  Belgium 2 3 2 7
9  Italy 2 1 1 4
10  Germany 1 2 2 5
11  Soviet Union 1 1 0 2
12   Switzerland 1 0 1 2
13  Greece 1 0 0 1
 New Zealand 1 0 0 1
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
16  Portugal 0 2 1 3
17  Argentina 0 2 0 2
18  Finland 0 1 5 6
19  Australia 0 1 1 2
 Canada 0 1 1 2
21  Cuba 0 1 0 1
22  Bahamas 0 0 1 1
 Spain 0 0 1 1
 Germany (EUA) 0 0 1 1
 Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 26 63 55 48 166

Remarks

Measurement

Measurement at the Olympics became more and more professional.

Sailing

  • Again this Olympic sailing event was gender independent, but tuned out to be a Mens only event. This was one of the triggers to create gender specific events. This however had to wait until 1988.
  • Since the distance between Rome and Naples a separate organization was created for the Sailing events. The name of this organization was Solo Mio.
  • The Italian Navy was responsible for the courses and the towing in and out of the yachts. According to the official report this was done on a very prompt manner. and we quote:
The only accident to occur, which resulted in the loss of the Lebanese Flying Dutchman, cannot be imputed to the method employed by the rescue crew after the boat had overturned, but to the incompetence of the Lebanese F.D. crew who attached the tow cable around a belaying cleat fixed to the deck.
  • According to current standards a huge amount of sails was allowed for use during the Olympics (not every boat measured in the maximum number):
    • Finn, 1 sail (for the whole Finn fleet a total of 25 sails were available as spare.)
    • Flying Dutchman, 4 sets of sails (12)
    • Star, 6 sets of sails (12)
    • Dragon 6 sets of sails (18)
    • 5.5 Metre 6 sets of sails (18)
  • 106 journalists of 52 countries were reporting the sailing event.
  • Many former Olympiers acted in the race committee, the International jury or measurement committee. Examples are: Peter Scott, Beppe Croce, Eddy Stutterheim, Jean-Jacques Herbulot and Edgar Beyn.

Sailors

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1960 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Notes

References

  • The Organizing Committee of the Games of the XVII Olympiad (1960). The Games of the XVII Olympiad Rome 1960, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One (pdf). 
  • The Organizing Committee of the Games of the XVII Olympiad (1960). The Games of the XVII Olympiad Rome 1960, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two (a) (pdf). 
  • The Organizing Committee of the Games of the XVII Olympiad (1960). The Games of the XVII Olympiad Rome 1960, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two (b) (pdf). 
  • Hugh Drake &  
  • "Rome 1960". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. 
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