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Sailing at the 1964 Summer Olympics

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Title: Sailing at the 1964 Summer Olympics  
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Subject: 1964 Summer Olympics, Olympic sailing classes, Sailing at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Finn, Sailing at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Flying Dutchman, Sailing at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Star
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Sailing at the 1964 Summer Olympics

Sailing
at the Games of the XVIII Olympiad
Venues Sagami Bay
Dates First race: 12 October 1964 (1964-10-12)
Last race: 23 October 1964 (1964-10-23)
Sailors 233 from 40 countries
Boats 119
Top ranked countries
Germany: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Denmark: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Australia: 1st  2nd  3rd  
Bahamas: 1st  2nd  3rd  
New Zealand: 1st  2nd  3rd  

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens Greece. With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1964 consisted of a total of five sailing classes (disciplines). For each class, seven races were scheduled; these took place from 12 October to 23 October 1964 off the coast of Enoshima in Sagami Bay.

The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses.

Venue

Shonan Port
(Enoshima Yacht Harbour)
Coordinates:

At the IOC session in 1959, Japan stated that yachting would take place in the port of Yokohama, as was the plan for 1940. Later when it became clear that that yokohame was not suitable for the Olympic sailing regatta's anymore it was decided that yachting events would be held off the coats of Enoshima Island in Kanagawa Prefecture on the bay of Sagami. To meet the requirement at Enoshima it was decided to build a large scale harbour at Enoshima for the 1964 Olympics. The construction of a yacht harbor on the island was started in May 1961 and finished in July 1964. The total construction cost were: US$6,027,778.

A total of three race areas were created in Sagami bay. The Japanese Sea Self-Defense Forces vessels supported the race management and specially the placements of the marks.

Competition

Overview

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
5 40 5 119 232 1

Continents

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Oceania
  • Europe
  • Americas

Countries

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1964 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
 Argentina (ARG)  Australia (AUS)  Austria (AUT)
 Bahamas (BAH)  Belgium (BEL)  Bermuda (BER)
 Brazil (BRA)  Cambodia (CAM)  Canada (CAN)
 Denmark (DEN)  Spain (ESP)  Germany (EUA)
 Finland (FIN)  France (FRA)  Great Britain (GBR)
 Greece (GRE)  Hong Kong (HKG)  Hungary (HUN)
 Ireland (IRL)  Italy (ITA)  Jamaica (JAM)
 Japan (JPN)  Kenya (KEN)  Mexico (MEX)
 Netherlands (NED)  Norway (NOR)  New Zealand (NZL)
 Philippines (PHI)  Portugal (POR)  Puerto Rico (PUR)
 Rhodesia (RHO)  Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)  Thailand (THA)  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)
 Turkey (TUR)  Soviet Union (URS)  United States (USA)
 Venezuela (VEN)

Classes (equipment)

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Finn Dinghy 1 0 + 1952 4
Flying Dutchman Dinghy 2 1 + + + 1960 2
Star Keelboat 2 0 + + 1932 7
Dragon Keelboat 3 0 + + + 1948 5
5.5 Metre Keelboat 3 0 + + + 1952 4

= Male, = Female, = Open

1964 Olympic Classes designs
 

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze

1964: Finn

 Germany (EUA)
Wilhelm Kuhweide
 United States (USA)
Peter Barrett
 Denmark (DEN)
Henning Wind



1964: Flying Dutchman

 New Zealand (NZL)
Helmer Pedersen
Earle Wells
 Great Britain (GBR)
Keith Musto
Tony Morgan
 United States (USA)
Harry Melges
William Bentsen



1964: Star

 Bahamas (BAH)
Durward Knowles
Cecil Cooke
 United States (USA)
Richard Stearns
Lynn Williams
 Sweden (SWE)
Pelle Pettersson
Holger Sundström



1964: Dragon

 Denmark (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Christian von Bulow
Ole Poulsen
 Germany (EUA)
Peter Ahrendt
Wilfried Lorenz
Ulrich Mense
 United States (USA)
Lowell North
Richard Deaver
Charles Rogers



1964: 5.5 Metre

 Australia (AUS)
William Northam
Peter O'Donnell
James Sargeant
 Sweden (SWE)
Lars Thörn
Arne Karlsson
Sture Stork
 United States (USA)
John J. McNamara
Joseph Batchelder
Francis Scully

Medal tables

Sailing 1964

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (EUA) 1 1 0 2
2  Denmark (DEN) 1 0 1 2
3  Australia (AUS) 1 0 0 1
 Bahamas (BAH) 1 0 0 1
 New Zealand (NZL) 1 0 0 1
6  United States (USA) 0 2 3 5
7  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 1 2
8  Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
Total 5 5 5 15

Sailing 1896–1964

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 15 9 1 25
2  Great Britain 11 6 5 22
3  United States 8 5 7 20
4  Sweden 7 8 8 23
5  France 5 7 7 19
6  Denmark 5 6 2 13
7  Netherlands 3 3 4 10
8  Belgium 2 3 2 7
9  Italy 2 1 1 4
10  New Zealand 2 0 0 2
11  Germany 1 2 2 5
12  Australia 1 1 1 3
 Germany (EUA) 1 1 1 3
14  Soviet Union 1 1 0 2
15  Bahamas 1 0 1 2
  Switzerland 1 0 1 2
17  Greece 1 0 0 1
 Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
19  Portugal 0 2 1 3
20  Argentina 0 2 0 2
21  Finland 0 1 5 6
22  Canada 0 1 1 2
23  Cuba 0 1 0 1
24  Spain 0 0 1 1
 Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 26 68 60 53 181

Remarks

Sailing

  • Stop-watches, for attachment to the knee, for each participant in the yacht races were distributed.
  • A new Olympic trophy was introduced at the 1964 Summer Games (The Tokyo Trophy). It was the desire that this Trophy be awarded to those who display the highest qualities of sportsmanship. During the Tokyo Games, this new Trophy was awarded to the Flying Dutchman team of  Lars Käll and Stig Käll (SWE) who, according to the official IOC site:
    set an outstanding example of sportsmanship when they gave up their race to save the life of a fellow competitor. ( Ian Charles Winter (AUS))
  • This Olympic sailing regatta had a remarkable set of Olympic reserves like:  Rickard Sarby (SWE),  Jan Linge (NOR),  Valentin Mankin (URS) and  Paul Elvstrøm (DEN).

Sailors

During the Sailing regatta's at the 1964 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1964 Olympic Games
In Dragon:
Prinz Bhanubanda Bira 
In 5.5 Metre:
Harald V of Norway 
In Flying Dutchman: Keith Musto (Picture 2008) 

Notes

References

  • Organizing Committee for the Games of the XVIII Olympiad (1964). The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One Part One (pdf). 
  • Organizing Committee for the Games of the XVIII Olympiad (1964). The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One Part Two (pdf). 
  • Organizing Committee for the Games of the XVIII Olympiad (1964). The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two Part One (pdf). 
  • Organizing Committee for the Games of the XVIII Olympiad (1964). The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two Part Two (pdf). 
  • Hugh Drake &  
  • "Tokyo 1964". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. 
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