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Sailing at the 1988 Summer Olympics

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Title: Sailing at the 1988 Summer Olympics  
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Subject: 1988 Summer Olympics national flag bearers, 1988 Summer Olympics, List of Olympic venues in sailing, Olympic sailing classes, Sailing at the 1948 Summer Olympics
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Sailing at the 1988 Summer Olympics

Sailing
at the Games of the XXIV Olympiad
Symbol of Busan
Venues Busan
부산
Dates First race: 20 September 1988 (1988-09-20)
Last race: 27 September 1988 (1988-09-27)
Sailors 360 (327 male, 43 female) from 60 countries
Boats and Boards 214
Top ranked countries
Spain: 1st  2nd  3rd  
United States: 1st  2nd  3rd  
New Zealand: 1st  2nd  3rd  

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens  Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program. The Sailing program of 1988 consisted of a total of eight sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from September 20, 1988 to September 27, 1988 of the coast of Busan and was the first time that a separate event was allocated exclusively for women (sailed in the 470 class). The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses.

Venue

Busan Yachting Center

According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Since the sailing conditions of the coast near Seoul are not very suitable for Olympic sailing Busan was chosen for the 1988 Sailing event. A total of x race areas were created of the coast of Busan.

Busan in Korea was reportedly a light wind venue but no one realised until too late that this information came from the airport which was located in a sheltered valley. It turned out to be that the 1988 Olympic Games were one of the windiest ever with one day of racing postponed due to too much wind. One day of racing saw around 30 knots of wind with 5 knots of current going against the wind. There was a lot of equipment damage and rescues for many classes resulting in many DNF's and requests for redress.

Competition

Overview

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
5 60 8 214 360 43

Continents

Countries

Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1988 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)  Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)  Argentina (ARG)
 Australia (AUS)  Austria (AUT)  Bahamas (BAH)
 Barbados (BAR)  Bermuda (BER)  Brazil (BRA)
 Canada (CAN)  Chile (CHI)  China (CHN)
 Cyprus (CYP)  Denmark (DEN)  Djibouti (DJI)
 Spain (ESP)  Fiji (FIJ)  Finland (FIN)
 France (FRA)  West Germany (FRG)  Great Britain (GBR)
 East Germany (GDR)  Greece (GRE)  Guam (GUM)
 Hong Kong (HKG)  Hungary (HUN)  Indonesia (INA)
 India (IND)  Ireland (IRL)  Iceland (ISL)
 Israel (ISR)  Virgin Islands (ISV)  Italy (ITA)
 British Virgin Islands (IVB)  Japan (JPN)  South Korea (KOR)
 Mexico (MEX)  Malta (MLT)  Monaco (MON)
 Netherlands (NED)  Norway (NOR)  New Zealand (NZL)
 Pakistan (PAK)  Philippines (PHI)  Papua New Guinea (PNG)
 Poland (POL)  Portugal (POR)  Puerto Rico (PUR)
 Qatar (QAT)  Singapore (SIN)  San Marino (SMR)
 Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)  Thailand (THA)
 Turkey (TUR)  Soviet Union (URS)  Uruguay (URU)
 United States (USA)  Venezuela (VEN)  Zimbabwe (ZIM)

Classes (equipment)

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jib/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Division II Surfboard 1 0 + - - 1988 1
Finn Dinghy 1 0 + - - 1952 10
470 Dinghy 2 1 + + + 1988 1
470 Dinghy 2 1 + + + 1976 4
Flying Dutchman Dinghy 2 1 + + + 1960 7
Tornado Catamaran 2 1 + + - 1976 4
Star Keelboat 2 0 + + - 1932 12
Soling Keelboat 3 0 + + + 1972 5
1988 Olympic Classes designs
 

Medal summary

Women's event

Event Gold Silver Bronze

1988: Women's 470

 United States (USA)
Allison Jolly
Lynne Jewell
 Sweden (SWE)
Marit Söderström
Birgitta Bengtsson
 Soviet Union (URS)
Larisa Moskalenko
Iryna Chunykhovska

Men's event

Event Gold Silver Bronze

1988: Men's Division II

 New Zealand (NZL)
Bruce Kendall
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)
Jan Boersma
 United States (USA)
Mike Gebhardt



1988: Finn

 Spain (ESP)
Jose Doreste
 Virgin Islands (ISV)
Peter Holmberg
 New Zealand (NZL)
John Cutler



1988: Men's 470

 Spain (ESP)
Thierry Peponnet
Luc Pillot
 Soviet Union (URS)
Tõnu Tõniste
Toomas Tõniste
 United States (USA)
John Shadden
Charles McKee

Mixed events

Event Gold Silver Bronze

1988: Flying Dutchman

 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Christian Grønborg
 Norway (NOR)
Ole Pollen
Erik Björkum
 Canada (CAN)
Frank McLaughlin
John Millen



1988: Tornado

 France (FRA)
Jean Le Deroff
Nicolas Hénard
 New Zealand (NZL)
Chris Timms
Rex Sellers
 Brazil (BRA)
Lars Grael
Clinio Freitas



1988: Star

 Great Britain (GBR)
Michael McIntyre
Bryn Vaile
 United States (USA)
Mark Reynolds
Harold Haenel
 Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Nelson Falcão



1988: Soling

 East Germany (GDR)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
 United States (USA)
John Kostecki
William Baylis
Robert Billingham
 Denmark (DEN)
Jesper Bank
Jan Mathiasen
Steen Secher

Medal tables

Sailing 1988

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  France (FRA) 2 0 0 2
2  United States (USA) 1 2 2 5
3  New Zealand (NZL) 1 1 1 3
4  Denmark (DEN) 1 0 1 2
5  Spain (ESP) 1 0 0 1
 Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 0 1
 East Germany (GDR) 1 0 0 1
8  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 1 2
9  Netherlands Antilles (AHO) 0 1 0 1
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 0 1 0 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 1 0 1
 Sweden (SWE) 0 1 0 1
13  Brazil (BRA) 0 0 2 2
14  Canada (CAN) 0 0 1 1
Total 8 8 8 24

Sailing 1896–1988

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 15 13 12 40
2  Norway 15 11 1 27
3  Great Britain 15 8 7 30
4  Sweden 9 11 9 29
5  France 8 8 8 24
6  Denmark 8 8 3 19
7  New Zealand 5 1 2 8
8  Soviet Union 4 4 2 10
9  Netherlands 4 3 4 11
10  Australia 3 1 4 8
11  Spain 3 1 1 5
12  Belgium 2 3 2 7
13  West Germany 2 2 3 7
14  East Germany 2 2 2 6
15  Italy 2 1 5 8
16  Brazil 2 1 4 7
17  Germany 1 2 2 5
18  Finland 1 1 6 8
19  Germany(EUA) 1 1 1 3
  Switzerland 1 1 1 3
 Greece 1 1 1 3
22  Bahamas 1 0 1 2
23  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
24  Austria 0 3 0 3
25  Canada 0 2 5 7
26  Portugal 0 2 1 3
27  Argentina 0 2 0 2
28  Cuba 0 1 0 1
 Netherlands Antilles 0 1 0 1
 United States Virgin Islands 0 1 0 1
 Ireland 0 1 0 1
32  Estonia 0 0 1 1
 Hungary 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Total 34 106 98 91 279

Remarks

Sailing

  • Finally after 92 years Olympic history, a specific female event 470 female was on the program.

Sailors

During the Sailing regattas at the 1988 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

Sailors at the 1988 Olympic Games
In 470:
Luis Doreste

References

  • "Olympic Medal Winners".  

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