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Saint-Augustin, Paris

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Saint-Augustin, Paris

Church of Saint Augustine
Église Saint-Augustin de Paris
Church of Saint Augustine is located in Paris
Church of Saint Augustine
Church of Saint Augustine
Location 8th arrondissement of Paris
Country France
Denomination Catholic
Website .netsaintaugustin
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Monument Historique PA00088813[1]
Designated 1993
Architect(s) Victor Baltard
Style Eclectic; Romano-Byzantine
Groundbreaking 1860
Completed 1868
Specifications
Length 300 feet (91 m)
Width 240 feet (73 m)
Dome height (outer) 200 feet (61 m)
Administration
Archdiocese Paris

The Église Saint-Augustin de Paris (Church of St. Augustine) is a Catholic church located at 46 boulevard Malesherbes in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. The church was designed to provide a prominent vista at the end of the boulevard both of which were built during Haussmann's renovation of Paris under the Second French Empire.[2] The closest métro station is Saint-Augustin

History

The elevation of the main facade by Victor Baltard
The view from the Arc de Triomphe

Haussmann's Plan

During the reign of La Madeleine. Saint-Augustin, close to the spot where Haussmann was born, was built to provide a counterpoint to the famous columns of La Madeleine at the other end of the boulevard. It was also designed to be visible from the Arc de Triomphe down the avenue de Friedland. The chosen site, an odd shaped lot at the intersection of four streets, and the need for a dome of 200 feet (61 m) so as to be visible from the Arc de Triomphe, dictated unusual proportions for the building. The church was designed by Haussmann's fellow Protestant, architect Victor Baltard who also famously designed Les Halles markets. While Baltard's use of iron in Saint-Augustin's structure is praised for its inventiveness,[3] at least one critic has described the church as, "an eyesore: ridiculously sited, without proportion, crushed beneath an outsized dome."[4] The neighborhood around the church is now one of the most expensive in Paris.[5]

Architecture

Saint-Augustin was built between 1860 and 1868 in an eclectic style combining Tuscan Gothic and Romanesque elements. The structure is 300 feet (91 m) in length and 240 feet (73 m) in width, and was one of the first sizable buildings in Paris constructed around a metal frame. Saint-Augustin's facade features a frieze by François Jouffroy depicting Jesus and the twelve apostles above the four evangelists. Internally, the stained glass windows depict bishops and martyrs of the first centuries and the cast-iron columns are decorated with polychrome angels. A statue of Joan of Arc, by Paul Dubois, was erected in the church in 1896. The church features paintings by William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin, Émile Signol, Alexandre-Dominique Denuelle and sculpture by Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse and Henri Chapu.[6]

It was intended to be the resting place of Napoleon III and the Empress Eugénie who died in exile and were instead interred in St Michael's Abbey, Farnborough in England.[7]

Organ

The organ is celebrated in the world of organ building. The church's main organ was built by manual keyboards and pedalboards.[8]

Gallery

References

Sources

External Links

  • Official church website
  • Lartnouveau.com article (French)
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