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Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society

The logo of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society.
Association Saint-Jean-Baptiste presidents in 1903 edition of L'album universel (vol. 20 no. 61 pg. 186–187).
The Carillon Sacré-Coeur: The traditional flag of the SSJB

The Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society (French: Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste) is an institution in Quebec dedicated to the protection of Quebec francophone interests and to the promotion of Quebec sovereignism. Its President from 2009 to 2014 was Mario Beaulieu who subsequently became leader of the Bloc Québécois. The society's current president is Maxime Laporte, known for being coordinator (president) of Cap sur l'indépendance, an umbrella group of various independentist organisations.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Awards 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The society was created by journalist Ludger Duvernay in Lower Canada. It evolved from the Société Aide-toi et le ciel t'aidera ("help yourself and Heaven will help you") founded by Duvernay on March 8, 1834. Most notably, it made June 24, St. John the Baptist day, the national day of the Quebecers. In 1922, June 24 became a public holiday in Quebec, and since 1977 it has been the national holiday of Quebec.

In the 1830s, Lower Canadians of British and (French) Canadian origin founded various charitable and social societies. On December 19, 1834, the English of Lower Canada established the St. Patrick's Society of Montreal on March 17, 1834 also. The Canadiens founded what would become the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society on June 24, 1834. On February 6, 1835, the Scots of Lower Canada established Saint Andrew's Society of Montreal. The German Society of Montreal was also founded in 1835.

The society adopted the Carillon Sacré-Coeur flag in the 19th century and its association with the flag was made quasi-official by the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in 1926. Between 1903 and the 1940s it was promoted as "the flag of French Canadian Catholics". It was the model for the Flag of Quebec and inspired Quebec politician René Chaloult, one of the designers of the Quebec flag. This flag has since been largely forgotten except as a family heirloom.

Although similar societies also existed in other parts of Quebec City branch was the first promoter of the song "O Canada" as symbols of the French-Canadian nation, together with the Carillon Sacré-Coeur flag. The leaf and anthem have since been embraced by English Canada as national Canadian symbols (a bilingual version of the song eventually became the national anthem of Canada in 1980), and are now seen as inimical to the ideas of the SSJB and many Quebec nationalists.

The society had local branches in all the major French-Canadian communities in Quebec, the other Canadian provinces, and the United States. It has however changed considerably over time. When it was created, the French-speaking inhabitants of Canada constituted the only large group wishing to see Canada become an independent country from the British Empire. The Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society was an expression of this desire in all its activities. The group, however, was not anti-royalist; for instance, the society's President in 1959 requested, with the support of the Mayor of Quebec City, that Elizabeth II, Canada's queen, light the main bonfire on the eve of Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day; though the petition was rejected by Howard Graham, the Queen's Canadian Secretary at the time.[1]

During the 20th century, the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society focused its action in Quebec and it is now a proponent of the independence of Quebec from Canada.

There are 14 sections of the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Montréal in the Greater Montreal Area. The societies are tied to the Mouvement national des Québécoises et des Québécois (MNQ), which also counts 14 affiliated Saint-Jean-Baptiste societies or sociétés nationales in the rest of Quebec.

Awards

The society awards a number of prizes for various achievements.

See also

References

  1. ^ Buckner, Phillip (2005), "The Last Great Royal Tour: Queen Elizabeth's 1959 Tour to Canada", in Buckner, Phillip, Canada and the End of Empire, Vancouver: UBC Press, p. 76,  

External links

  • Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste de MontréalWebsite of the
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