World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Saint Cajetan

Saint Cajetan
Saint Cajetan
Confessor
Born (1480-10-01)October 1, 1480
Vicenza, Veneto, Republic of Venice (now Italy)
Died August 7, 1547(1547-08-07) (aged 66)
Naples, Campania, Kingdom of Naples
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified October 8, 1629, Rome by Pope Urban VIII
Canonized April 12, 1671, Rome by Pope Clement X
Feast August 7
Patronage workers; gamblers; non-gamblers; document controllers; job seekers; unemployed people; Albania; Italy; Ħamrun (Malta); Argentina; Brazil; El Salvador; Guatemala

Gaetano dei Conti di Thiene (October 1, 1480 – August 7, 1547), was an Italian Catholic priest and religious reformer, who helped found the Theatines. He is recognised as a saint in the Catholic Church, and his feast day is August 7.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Theatines 2
  • Veneration 3
    • Patronage 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Life

St. Cajetan was born in October 1480, the son of Gaspar, lord of Thiene, and Mary Porta, persons of the first rank among the nobility of the territory of Vicenza, in Lombardy.[1]

His father died when he was two years of age. Quiet and retiring by nature,[2] he was predisposed to piety by his mother. Cajetan studied law in Padua, receiving his degree as doctor utriusque juris (i.e., in civil and canon law) at age 24. In 1506 he worked as a diplomat for Pope Julius II, with whom he helped reconcile the Republic of Venice.[3] But he was not ordained a priest until the year 1516.

With the death of Pope Julius II in 1513. Cajetan withdrew from the papal court.[3] Recalled to Vicenza by the death of his mother, he founded in 1522 a hospital for incurables there.[4] By 1523 he had established a hospital in Venice, as well. His interests were as much or more devoted to spiritual healing than the physical kind, and he joined a confraternity in Rome called "The Oratory of Divine Love".[1] He intended to form a group that would combine the spirit of monasticism with the exercises of the active ministry.

Theatines

A new congregation was canonically erected by Pope Clement VII in the year 1524. One of his four companions was Giovanni Pietro Carafa, the Bishop of Chieti, elected first superior of the order, who later became pope as Paul IV. From the name of the city of Chieti (in Latin: Theate), arose the name by which the order is known, the "Theatines".[4] The order grew at a fairly slow pace: there were only twelve Theatines in 1527 during the sack of Rome in 1527, during which Cajetan was tortured by the Spanish soldiers of Charles V.[5] The Theatines managed to escape to Venice.[4]

There Cajetan met Jerome Emiliani, whom he assisted in the establishment of his Congregation of Clerks Regular. In 1533 he founded a house in Naples. The year 1540 found him in Venice again and from there he extended his work to Verona.[3] He founded a bank to help the poor and offer an alternative to usurers (loan sharks).[6] It later became the Bank of Naples.

Cajetan died in Naples on August 7, 1547.[6] His remains are in the church of San Paolo Maggiore in Naples; outside the church is Piazza San Gaetano, with a statue.

Veneration

He was Felipe Benicio. Saint Cajetan's feast day is celebrated on August 7.

Patronage

He is known as the patron saint of Argentina, the unemployed,[7] gamblers, document controllers, and good fortune.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b , Vol. VIII, 1866Lives of the SaintsButler, Alban.
  2. ^ , (John W. O'Malley, Kathleen M. Comerford, Hilmar M. Pabel eds.), University of Toronto Press, 2001, ISBN 9780802084170Early Modern Catholicism: Essays in Honour of John W. O'Malley, S.J.Lewis, Mark A., "Recovering the Apostolic Way of Life",
  3. ^ a b c Keating, Joseph. "St. Cajetan." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 15 Apr. 2013
  4. ^ a b c , (revised by Pat McCloskey O.F.M.), Franciscan Media, ISBN 978-0-86716-887-7Saint of the Day, Lives, Lessons, and FeastFoley O.F.M., Leonard.
  5. ^ , Routledge, 2002, ISBN 9781134658534The Catholic ReformationMullet, Michael.
  6. ^ a b c "St. Cajetan", Catholic News Agancy
  7. ^ Wooden, Cindy. "Pope joins pilgrims -via video- at Shrine of St. Cajetan", Catholic News Service, April 7, 2013

External links

  • http://www.malta-canada.com/san-gaetano/Index-S-G.htm
  • Biography of St Cajetan (Spanish)
  • , August 7, 2013Zenit"Pope Francis' Message for the Feast of Saint Cajetan",
  • Colonnade Statue in St Peter's Square
  • Founder Statue in St Peter's Basilica
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.