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Saint Teilo

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Saint Teilo

Saint Teilo
St Teilo in Holy Trinity Church, Abergavenny
Born c. 500
Penally, Pembrokeshire, UK
Died c. 560
Llandeilo Fawr
Honored in
Wales, Britain.
Feast 9 February (Wales)
25 November (Brittany)
29 November (Dol)

Saint Teilo ([2] was a British Christian monk, bishop, and founder of monasteries and churches from Penalun (Penally) near Tenby in Pembrokeshire, south Wales.

Reputed to be a cousin, friend, and disciple of Saint David, he was bishop of Llandaff and founder of the first church at Llandaff Cathedral, where his tomb is. He also founded Llandeilo Fawr, as well as Penally Abbey at his place of birth.

Biography

St Teilo may have been known as Eliau or Eilliau in Edward Williams.[6]

Teilo's education took place at two institutions directed by saints. The first was established by the renowned Church leader and educator Dubricius (or Dyfrig), while the second was the school directed by Paulinus of Wales[7] at "Wincdi-Lantquendi" (thought to be Whitland) where he met and became a close companion of St David (Dewi).

Like many founder-bishops they appear to have had experience in battle. Along with companions Aeddan and Ysfael, he traveled to Mynyw (St. Davids), where Dewi founded his abbey, and ousted an Irish pirate named Bwya, killed his cattle and burnt his fortress to the ground.[8] He succeeded Dubricius as Bishop of Llandaff after Dubricius retired to a hermitage on Bardsey Island. Teilo founded the first church in Llandaff,[9] headed a monastic school, and become bishop over Glywysing & Gwent.

St Teilo's Church, Llantilio

In the 540s yellow plague affected Britain. In 549 Teilo, with a small group of monks, moved to [2] They traveled through Dumnonia and were reported to have entertained King Geraint. and joined Samson of Dol at Dol: to this day the fruit groves they planted are known as the groves of Teilo and Samson.[5] Legend has it that Teilo was asked by Budic II of Brittany to subdue a belligerent winged dragon, which he tamed and tied to a rock in the sea off Brittany.[5]

After his return to Llandeilo Fawr, where he is documented to have died on 9 February, although the year, though probably around 560, is unknown, he became one of the most venerated men in Wales. At his death Teilo's body was said to have miraculously become three identical bodies, probably because his relics were claimed by three churches, Llandaff Cathedral, Llandeilo Fawr, and Penally Abbey.[1] One tomb lies to the right of the altar of Llandaff Cathedral: his skull is kept in the south chapel.[5] It is stated that many miracles were witnessed there while he was alive and also later at his tomb.[10] Relics are now even more widely distributed: they are venerated at Landeleau (Finistère), Plogonnac (Finistère), and Saint Télo (Côtes-du-Nord).[10]

Roman Martyrology

Saint Teilo, 15th-century France

In the 2004 edition of the Roman Martyrology, Teilo is listed under 9 February with the Latin name Teliávus. He is recognised as bishop and abbot at the monastery in Llandaf, Wales. He is said to have been canonized, though the exact date is not known, but he is acknowledged as one who undertook extraordinary labours in behalf of the church in Wales and Cornwall and who was also celebrated in Armorica (Brittany and surrounding provinces).[11] He is not infrequently represented, as in many Breton churches, riding a stag.[1]

Legacy

At least 25 churches and schools in Wales, Brittany, and [2]

Festival

The festival in honour of St.Teilo is observed at different times of the year at different places: in Wales and at Saint Télo, on 9 February; at Dol, on 29 November; and on 25 November in rest of the churches in Brittany.[1] Following 1752, however, his fair at Llandeilo in Wales was not observed on the 9th but eleven days later on the 20th or on the Sunday following that date.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Wainewright, John. "St. Teilo" in The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. XIV. Robert Appleton Co. (New York), 1912. Accessed 20 Jul 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "St Teilo". Llandeilo.org. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  3. ^ See John Edward Lloyd's book, 'A History of Wales', pages 143-159 for more on Saint Teilo.
  4. ^ Rees, W. J. (trans.) Liber Landavensis, pp. 351 & 370 ff. Welsh MSS. Society (Llandovery), 1840. Accessed 26 Mar 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Who was St Teilo?". Stteilosbishopton.co.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Baring-Gould, Sabine & al. The Lives of the British Saints, Vol. 4, p. 348 f. Kessinger Publishing, 2005. Accessed 26 Mar 2013.
  7. ^ "Welsh Church To Honor Courageous Leadership Of St. Teilo", Catholic News Agency, February 5, 2013
  8. ^ Houghton, Leighton (1948). In the steps of the Anglo-Saxons. Rich and Cowan. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "St. Teilo". Catholic online. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Samuel Lewis (1845). A topographical dictionary of Wales. S. Lewis and Co. pp. 497–. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Martyrologium Romanum, 2004, Vatican Press (Typis Vaticanis), page 142.
  12. ^ Baring-Gould, Sabine & al. , Vol. I, pp. 64 ffThe Lives of the British Saints: The Saints of Wales and Cornwall and Such Irish Saints as Have Dedications in Britain. Chas. Clark (London), 1908. Hosted at Archive.org. Accessed 18 Nov 2014.
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