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Salyan District, Nepal

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Title: Salyan District, Nepal  
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Subject: Kham Magar, Rapti Zone, Winners and runners-up in the legislative elections of Nepal 1994 and 1999, Chandra Bahadur Dangi, Magars
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Salyan District, Nepal

Salyān Jillā
सल्यान जिल्ला
Salyan (red)
Salyan (red)
Country Nepal
Region Mid-Western (grey)
Zone Rapti (darker grey)
Headquarters Salyan
 • Total 1,462 km2 (564 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 241,716
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)

Salyan District (Nepali: सल्यान जिल्ला   ), is a "hill" district some 320 km west of Kathmandu in Rapti Zone of Nepal's Mid-Western Region. Salyan covers an area of 1,462 km² with a population of 213,500 in 2001 and 241,716 in 2011. The district's administrative center is named Salyan or Salyan Khalanga.

The district is known for its Hindu temples including Shiva temples in Chhayachhetra and Laxmipur, and the Devi temple at Khairabang in Hiwalcha VD jugena kalimati rampur jugena C, one of nine in Nepal.


  • History 1
  • Etymology 2
  • Geography and climate 3
  • Population by census 1971–2011 4
  • Village Development Committees (VDCs) 5
  • Maps 6
  • References 7


Salyan was one of the Baise Rajya (Nepali: बाइसे राज्य) -- a confederation of 22 petty kingdoms in the Karnali (Ghagra) region. About 1760 AD all these kingdoms were annexed by the Shah Dynasty during the unification of Nepal.


Salyan derives from Nepali: सल्लो, sallo meaning pine tree or conifer.[2]

Geography and climate

Although Salyan is considered a hill district, its southwest salient is actually outside the Pahari-inhabited hill region, in the lower Siwalik Hills that are more an extension of the Terai.

The Babai River flows through the southwestern Siwaliks section after draining Dang Valley. A tributary Sharad Khola drains the eastern half of Salyan's hill region—including the district center, then exits these hills by cutting through the Mahabharat Range to its confluence with the Babai. The western half of Salyan's hill region is drained by the Bheri.

Climate zone[3] Elevation range % of area
Upper tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.

Population by census 1971–2011[4][5]

Village Development Committees (VDCs)

VDCs in Salyan


  • Besides the United Nations/Nepal map of districts and VDCs shown above, their Map Centre[6] has a downloadable PDF version adding municipalities, roads and water detail:
"Salyan District" (Map) (PDF). Retrieved Feb 6, 2014. 
Topographic sheets at 1:25,000 scale covering 7.5 minutes latitude and longitude map the Terai and Middle Mountains. Less populated high mountain regions are on 15 minute sheets at 1:50,000. JPG scans can be downloaded here:[10] These sheets cover Salyan District:
  1. 2881 08D "Bajedichaur" (1999)
  2. 2881 11D "Chisapani Mulatati" (1997)
  3. 2881 12A "Mehelkuna" (1999)
  4. 2881 12B "Botechaur" (1999)
  5. 2881 12C "Ghuiyabari" (1998)
  6. 2881 12D "Baluwa" (1998)
  7. 2881 16A "Dhakeri" (1997)
  8. 2881 16B "Dhobaghat" (1997)
  9. 2882 05A "Karkigau" (1999)
  10. 2882 05C "Salli Bajar" (1999)
  11. 2882 05D "Swikot" (1999)
  12. 2882 06C "Pharulachaur" (1999)
  13. 2882 06D "Simruth" (1999)
  14. 2882 09A "Kubhinde Daha" (1999)
  15. 2882 09B "Khalanga" (1999)
  16. 2882 09C "Suketal" (1999)
  17. 2882 09D "Shitalpati" (1998)
  18. 2882 10A "Tharmare" (1999)
  19. 2882 10B "Sukhaodar" (1999)
  20. 2882 10C "Luham" (1998)
  21. 2882 10D "Nerpa" (1999)
  22. 2882 13A "Hamsapur" (1998)
  23. 2882 13B "Panchakule" (1998)
  24. 2882 14A "Tulsipur" (1999)
  25. 2882 14B "Dubrin" (1999)


  1. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics, Kathmandu, Nepal, Jan. 2014
  2. ^ Turner, R. L. (Ralph Lilley), Sir (1931). A comparative and etymological dictionary of the Nepali language. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner. p. 593. 
  3. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005,  
  4. ^ #"Districts of Nepal". Statoids. Gwillim Law. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ #National Population and Housing Census 2011, Volume 3 (PDF). Kathmandu, Nepal: Government of Nepal, Central Bureau of Statistics. January 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Map Centre". United Nations, Nepal Information Platform. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Government of Nepal, Survey Department". Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Land Administration & Management, Mapping, Surveying and Aerial Photography, Major Reference Projects" (PDF). FinnMap. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Japan International Cooperation Agency". Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Nepal-Topo Maps". PAHAR Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset. MyPublisher. Retrieved Jan 31, 2014. 
  • Districts of Nepal at

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