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Samuel Maclay

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Title: Samuel Maclay  
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Subject: Michael Leib, Andrew Gregg, United States congressional delegations from Pennsylvania, 10th United States Congress, United States Senate election in Pennsylvania, 1802
Collection: 1741 Births, 1811 Deaths, Democratic-Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Democratic-Republican Party United States Senators, Members of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Democratic-Republicans, Pennsylvania State Senators, People from Franklin County, Pennsylvania, People from Union County, Pennsylvania, United States Senators from Pennsylvania
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Samuel Maclay

Samuel Maclay
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
March 4, 1803 – January 4, 1809
Preceded by James Ross
Succeeded by Michael Leib
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1795 – March 3, 1797
Preceded by Andrew Gregg
Succeeded by John A. Hanna
Personal details
Born (1741-06-17)June 17, 1741
Lurgan Township, Pennsylvania
Died October 5, 1811(1811-10-05) (aged 70)
Buffalo Township, Pennsylvania
Political party Democratic-Republican

Samuel Maclay (June 17, 1741 – October 5, 1811) was an American surveyor, farmer, and politician from Union County, Pennsylvania. He served in the state legislature and represented Pennsylvania in both the U.S. House and the United States Senate.


  • Biography 1
  • Political life 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • External links 4


Maclay was born the younger brother of future Pennsylvania senator William Maclay. He was born in Lurgan Township, Pennsylvania, at Maclay's Mill and served in the Revolutionary War.

In 1790, Maclay performed his first state work as a surveyor of the streams of northwestern Pennsylvania. He became an associate judge of Franklin County, Pennsylvania and served between 1792 and 1975. Maclay was the father of William Plunkett Maclay.

Political life

Maclay was elected to the Fourth Congress. He served as a member of the lower house of the State legislature in 1797 and was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1798 to 1802 and served as speaker from 1801 to 1802.

He was elected to the United States Senate as a Democratic Republican by the Pennsylvania legislature and began service in 1803. Popular among Pennsylvanians, he was an infrequent Senate speaker, but was frequently mentioned as his party's possible candidate for governor, but was passed over in favor of Simon Snyder.

Maclay opposed the nomination of Embargo Act which had been passed during President Jefferson's second term. Despite the eventual repeal of the Embargo Act, Madison secured Pennsylvania's support and Maclay realized that he was out of step with his fellow party members and Pennsylvanians. Seeing no hope of reelection, he resigned from the Senate in 1809.

Maclay served in the Senate from March 4, 1803, until his resignation on January 4, 1809. He retired to Buffalo Township, Pennsylvania, where he died, aged 70. He was interred in the Driesbach Church Cemetery in Union County.


  • American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Aurand, A. Monroe, Jr. The Genealogy of Samuel Maclay, 1741-1811. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Aurand Press, 1938;

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
At large on a General ticket:

Thomas Fitzsimons
John W. Kittera
Thomas Hartley
Thomas Scott
James Armstrong
Peter G. Muhlenberg
Andrew Gregg
Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg
Daniel Hiester
William Irvine
William Findley
John Smilie
William Montgomery

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district

alongside: David Bard
Succeeded by
David Bard
United States Senate
Preceded by
James Ross
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Andrew Gregg
Succeeded by
Michael Leib
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