World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

San Bartolomeo all'Isola

Article Id: WHEBN0005730624
Reproduction Date:

Title: San Bartolomeo all'Isola  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Francis George, Infobox Christian leader/testcases, Tiber Island, Bartholomew the Apostle, Grégoire-Pierre Agagianian
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

San Bartolomeo all'Isola

Basilica of St. Bartholomew on the Island
Basilica di San Bartolomeo all'Isola
Basilica S. Bartholomaei in Insula
Façade of San Bartolomeo all'Isola on the Tiber Island
Basic information
Location Rome, Italy
Geographic coordinates
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Rite Oriental rite
Year consecrated 10th Century
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Minor basilica, Rectory church
Leadership Vacant (Cardinal Francis Eugene George, Archbishop Emeritus of Chicago, who had been its Cardinal-Priest since 1998, died on Friday, April 17, 2015)
Website .org.sanbartolomeowww
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Direction of façade NW
Specifications
Length 45 metres (148 ft)
Width 22 metres (72 ft)
Width (nave) 12 metres (39 ft)

The Basilica of St. Bartholomew on the Island (Italian: Basilica di San Bartolomeo all'Isola , Latin: Basilica S. Bartholomaei in Insula) is a titular minor basilica, located in Rome, Italy. It was founded at the end of the 10th century by Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor. It contains the relics of St. Bartholomew the Apostle,[1] and is located on Tiber Island, on the site of the former temple of Aesculapius, which had cleansed the island of its former ill-repute among the Romans and established its reputation as a hospital, continued under Christian auspices today.

The most recent Archbishop Emeritus of Chicago, who died on Friday, April 17, 2015.

Basilica di San Bartolomeo all'Isola, with the Torre dei Caetani behind

Contents

  • History 1
  • Exterior 2
  • Interior 3
  • List of Cardinal priests 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6
  • Further reading 7

History

In Roman times, the Temple of Aesculapius stood on the site of the modern church. The entire Isola Tiberina had actually been covered in marble in an effort to make the island look like a ship. The prow can still be seen today.[2]

Emperor Otto built this church, which was initially dedicated to his friend Adalbert of Prague. It was renovated by Pope Paschal II in 1113 and again in 1180, after its rededication upon the arrival of the relics of the apostle Bartholomew. The relics were sent to Rome from Benevento, where they had arrived from Armenia in 809. The relics are located within an ancient Roman porphyry bathtub with lions' heads, under the main altar. The marble wellhead bears the figures of the Savior, Adalbert and Bartholomew and Otto III.

The church was badly damaged by a flood in 1557 and was reconstructed, with its present Baroque façade, in 1624, to designs of Orazio Torriani. Further restorations were undertaken in 1852. The interior of the church preserves fourteen ancient Roman columns and two lion supports that date from the earliest reconstruction of the basilica.

In 2000, San Bartolomeo was dedicated by Pope John Paul II to the memory of the new martyrs of the 20th and 21st century.

Exterior

In the center of the piazzetta before the church is a four-sided guglia with saints in niches by the sculptor Ignazio Jacometti, erected here in 1869.

The 12th-century tower near the church, the Torre dei Caetani, is all that remains of the medieval castello erected on the island by the Pierleoni.

Interior

San Bartolomeo houses the memorial to new martyrs of the 20th and 21st century, which was dedicated by Pope John Paul II in 2000. This memorial is taken care of by the Community of Sant'Egidio, who also painted the icon on the main altar. One of the relics that are kept as part of the the memorial is the piece of rock that was used in 1984 to kill Blessed Jerzy Popiełuszko.[3]

List of Cardinal priests

San Bartolomeo all'Isola is a Francis George, Archbishop of Chicago.

References

  1. ^ S. Prete, "Reliquie e culto di S. Bartolomeo ap. dal Medio Oriente a Roma all'Isola Tiberina", Studi e Ricerche sull'Oriente Cristiano, Rome 5.3 (1982:173-181)
  2. ^ "Isola Tiberina Is Adorably Tiny, Old & Roman". The Huffington Post. Huffington Post. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Father Popieluszko in Rome pantheon of modern martyrs". thenews.pl. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  • Touring Club Italiano (TCI), 1965. Roma e dintorni

External links

  • Official website of the Basilica

Further reading

  • Richiello, Maria. S. Bartolomeo all'Isola: storia e restauro (Rome) 2001.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.