World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004904841
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sapientza  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Islands of Peloponnese (region), Battle of Modon, Landforms of Messenia, Schiza, Messenia
Collection: Islands of Greece, Islands of Peloponnese (Region), Landforms of Messenia, Messenia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Native name: Σαπιέντζα
Archipelago Messenian Oinousses
Area 9 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Region Peloponnese
Regional unit Messenia
Population 2 (as of 2011)
Density 0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)

Sapientza or Sapienza (Greek: Σαπιέντζα) is a Greek island off the southern coast of the Peloponnese, near the city of Methóni.[1] It is administratively part of the municipality of Pylos-Nestor, in Messenia. The 2011 census reported a population of two inhabitants. Sapientza is the second largest island of Messenian Oinousses, a small group island which consists of three small islands (Schiza, Sapientza and Agia Marina). Its name has Italian origin and means wisdom. South-west of Sapientza is located the Calypso Deep the deepest point of the Mediterranean Sea, with a depth of 5,267 meters.


  • Description 1
  • History 2
    • Historical population 2.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4


On the sea there are many shipwrecks because the island was located over the sea road between Italy and Middle East. Some of them contained important shipload such as a roman wreck which carried granite columns from the peristyle of Herod's temple in Caesarea of Palestine.[2] In the south of the island there is an important lighthouse built in 1885. Its height is 8 meters.[3] Sapientza has lush vegetation with dense shrubland and perennial hollies, arbutus and other mediterranean plants. For this reason, Sapientza along with other Messenian Oinousses have been included in the Natura 2000 Network, with code GR2550003.[2][4]


Sapientza is known for the Treaty of Sapienza, in 1209, between the Republic of Venice and Principality of Achaea. With this treaty Methoni and Corone remained to Venetian and other Peloponnese ceded to Villehardouin. After the Greek War of Independence, Sapienza became a part of Greek state. Nevertheless, British claimed Sapienza during Pacifico case, as part of Ionian Islands.

Historical population

Year Population
1991 4
2001 7
2011 2

See also


  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b "The Isle of Sapientza". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Lighthouse Sapienza". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Messinian Oinousses, Schiza and Sapientza". Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.