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Savernake, Wiltshire

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Savernake, Wiltshire

286 (in 2011)[1]
Savernake

Track from the A346, near Cadley
 Savernake shown within Wiltshire
Population
OS grid reference
Civil parish Savernake
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Marlborough
Postcode district SN8
Dialling code 01672
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Devizes
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Savernake is a civil parish immediately south and southeast of Marlborough in Wiltshire, England. The settlements in the parish are the hamlets of Cadley and Clench Common. Savernake Forest covers the eastern half of the parish.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Cadley 2
  • Clench Common 3
  • Local government 4
  • Canal 5
  • Railways 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Two Roman roads cross the parish, one from Mildenhall to Old Salisbury and the other between Cirencester and Winchester.[2]

The eastern end of Wansdyke, an early medieval defensive earthwork, is in the northeast of the parish.[3]

Cadley

The hamlet of Cadley () is at the edge of Savernake Forest, on the A346 between Marlborough and Burbage.

An Anglican church, Christchurch, was built by T.H. Wyatt in 1851 for the Marquess of Ailesbury. It was closed in 1975 and declared redundant in 1979,[4] then sold for residential use.

Clench Common

The hamlet of Clench Common () is a small agricultural community in the northwest of the parish, on the A345 between Marlborough and Pewsey. It is north of the hamlet of Clench which is in Milton Lilbourne parish.

Clench Common Airfield is a grass strip about east of the hamlet, used by microlight aircraft.[5]

Local government

The parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions. Savernake parish was created in 1934, with boundary changes in 1987; predecessor parishes were North Savernake and South Savernake (with Brimslade and Cadley).[6]

Canal

When the Kennet and Avon Canal was opened in 1810 it crossed the parish, which extended further south than the present-day parish. Wootton Top Lock was formerly known as Cadley Lock.

Railways

The Berks and Hants line, part of a Great Western Railway route from London to Devon and Cornwall, was built close to the canal in 1862. Savernake station (later Savernake Low Level) was beyond the southeast border of the parish, towards Burbage. This station closed in 1966 but the line remains open; the nearest stations are at Bedwyn and Pewsey.

A branch - the Marlborough Railway - between Savernake Low Level and Marlborough was built through the parish in 1864. In 1896 the Swindon, Marlborough and Andover Railway built another line between a second Marlborough station and a second Savernake station, Savernake High Level, near to the first. The original branch line closed in 1933, the High Level station closed in 1961 and Low Level (by then renamed Savernake for Marlborough) in 1966; the line was later removed.

During World War II a large ammunition store was established north of Savernake station, with sidings for rail to road transfer.

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47811. p. 4499. 5 April 1979. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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