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Sea Scout

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Title: Sea Scout  
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Subject: Scouting, Scout (Scouting), Sea Scouts (The Scout Association), The Scout Association, History of the Boy Scouts of America
Collection: Scouting, Water Sports
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Sea Scout

Sea Scouting
Country Worldwide
Founded 1909

Sea Scouts are members of the international Scouting movement, with a particular emphasis on boating and water-based activities. These activities can be on the sea, rivers or lakes. Sea Scouts can provide a chance to sail, cruise on boats, learn navigation, learn how to work on engines and compete in regattas. Sea Scouts often have distinctive uniforms. In some countries or scout organizations, Sea Scouting is a program just for older Scouts.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Loss of Sea Scout vessels 2
  • Around the world 3
  • Eurosea seminars 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

History

One of the earliest records of "Sea Scouts" is in Chums magazine which refers to "Sea Scouts" as early as July 1909.[1] These Sea Scouts were part of the Chums Scouts and British Boy Scouts.

Also in the Chums magazine, the British Boys Naval Brigade, later National Naval Cadets, were subtitled 'Scouts of the Sea' from the 14 July 1909 edition and, from the 28 July 1909 edition, 'Sea Scouts of the Empire'.[2] The British Boy Scouts and an original company of The National Naval Cadets were both headquartered in Battersea, London and the 'boys' weekly newspaper Chums was the official journal of both. The National Naval Cadets affiliated with the British Boy Scouts as part of its Sea Scouts.

Later, Sea Scouts were introduced within the Baden-Powell mentioned that "A Scout should be able to manage a boat, to bring it properly alongside a ship or pier....". In December 1908, the first Seamanship badge was issued as one of the first 'Efficiency' badges.[3] A camp for Scouts was held at Bucklers Hard, Hampshire in August 1909 at which boating activities were a focus. In 1911, Baden-Powell wrote the booklet Sea Scouting for Boys. Warington Baden-Powell[4] wrote Sea Scouting and Seamanship for Boys in 1912, with a foreword by Robert Baden-Powell. A special uniform for Sea Scouts was approved in 1910 and, in 1912, the name "Sea Scouts" was officially adopted within Baden-Powell's Boy Scouts Association.[5]

Sea Scouting also found its way to the rest of the world.

Loss of Sea Scout vessels

4 August 1912 - eight scouts and another boy drowned in capsize of a cutter off Leysdown, Kent, England. Boat was carrying twenty-three 2nd Wandsworth Scouts to a camp.

October 1913 - three scouts and an assistant leader drowned and eleven scouts saved when the ketch The Mirror was hit by a steamer. The Mirror had been a gift of the Daily Mirror newspaper to the scouts.

In August 1950 - all ten scouts on board killed when the Wangle III, owned by 1st Mortlake Sea Scouts was lost on a return voyage from France.[5][6]

Around the world

In many organizations a Sea Scout troop or group has a special name, in the Boy Scouts of America it is called a ship.

Country Membership Troops/Groups Age group See also
Argentina 2 6-21 http://gruposcoutnavalesalteg-brown.webnode.es/
Australia 92 6–26
Austria 4 10–20 Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs
Bahamas
Bangladesh 30 14–25 [5]
Barbados
Belgium 3,100 27 6–18
Brazil 4.500 100 7–21 [6]
Bulgaria at least 1
Canada 25 11–26 [7]
Croatia 7
Cyprus 9
Czech Republic 3,300 166 above 5 Czech Sea Scouts Headquarters (HKVS)[7]
Denmark 3,800
Egypt [8]
Finland[8] 9,000 100
France 2,500
Germany 12
Gibraltar 1
Greece 4,000 above 7 Soma Hellinon Proskopon (Boy Scouts)
Soma Hellinikou Odigismou (co-ed Guides)
Hong Kong 11–20
Iceland 1
India at least 1 10–26
Indonesia 4 14-20 Satuan Karya (Saka) Bahari
Ireland 3,400 25 6–26 Sea Scouts (Scouting Ireland)
Israel[9] 850 8 10–18 Israel Sea Scouts Website
Italy 500 30
Latvia 90 5 11–16
Lithuania 450 29
Malaysia at least 20 12–19
Monaco 1
Montenegro
Netherlands[10] 2,167 300 7–11 Scouting Nederland
5,401 10–15
1,395 14–17
2,000 17–23
New Zealand 2,000 60 10–15.5 Sea Scouts New Zealand
Norway 1,700 26 6-25
Pakistan 200
Poland (01-01-2007) 295 (159g+136b) 175 6–9
669 (366g+303b) 10–12
910 (442g+351b) 13–15
735 (392f+343m) 16–18
225 (89f+163m) 19–25
~475 leaders
Philippines 10–17
Pitcairn Island 1
Portugal 600 19 7–23
Romania 100 2
Serbia
Singapore 12–24
Slovakia 6
South Africa[11] 20 11–18
Spain 2
Sweden 7,000 80 8-25
Switzerland[12] 130 1 >6 Pfadibewegung Schweiz
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago 1893 18 11–21
Turkey
United Kingdom 10,000 401 10–14 Sea Scouts (The Scout Association)
14–18
United States 15,000 13–21 Sea Scouting (Boy Scouts of America)
Girl Scouts of the USA
Yugoslavia

Eurosea seminars

Eurosea is the seminar for Sea Scouting/Guiding in the European Scout Region which take place every three years. The aims and objectives are to enable national associations to share ideas and experiences on how to develop Sea Scouting/Guiding or water-based programs in general. Participants are members of national or regional teams responsible for Sea Scouting/Guiding or developing water-based programs and representatives from associations interested in introducing Sea Scouting/Guiding.

  • Eurosea 1, 1985: Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Eurosea 2, 1988: Harderhaven, Netherlands
  • Eurosea 3, 1992: Vässarö, Sweden
  • Eurosea 4, 1994: London, United Kingdom
  • Eurosea 5, 1997: Oslo, Norway
  • Eurosea 6, 2000: Olsztynek, Poland
  • Eurosea 7, 2003: São Jacinto, Aveiro, Portugal
  • Eurosea 8, 2006: Korpo, Finland
  • Eurosea 9, 2008: Larch Hill, Ireland
  • Eurosea 10, 2010: Plzeň, Czech Republic
  • Eurosea 11, 2012: Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Eurosea 12, 2014: Brugge, Belgium
  • Eurosea 13, 2016: Olsztynek, Poland

See also

References

  1. ^ Chums, vd. e.g. 14 July 1909 p879, 21 July 1909 p888, 28 July 1909 p921
  2. ^ http://www.boy-scout.net/en/page1/page31/page31.html
  3. ^ http://retentioninscouting.org/The_Early_History_of_Sea_Scouting.pdf
  4. ^ Warington Baden-Powell, K.C., an Admiralty lawyer, sailor, inventor of canoe sailing and author of Canoe Travelling: Log of a Cruise on the Baltic, and Practical Hints on Building and Fitting Canoes London, Smith, Elder, 1871
  5. ^ a b Masini, Roy (2007). "A Short History of Sea Scouting in the United Kingdom". Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  6. ^ GB Board of Trade; SCC Libraries (1951-03-19). "Wreck report for 'Wangle III', 1951". Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Czech Sea Scouts Headquarters. "Czech Sea Scouts Headquarters (HKVS)". 
  8. ^ "Sea guiding and scouting". Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  9. ^ Sea Scouting: Sea Scouting in Israel
  10. ^ "Presentation Dutch Seascouts Eurosea 8 Seminar" (powerpoint). Retrieved 2007-03-05. 
  11. ^ seascout.org SouthAfrica
  12. ^ "Unikum unter den Schweizer Pfadfindern feiert Jubiläum" (in German). Neue Zürcher Zeitung. 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  • J.S. Wilson, Scouting 'Round the World, 1957 edition
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