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Sean Esbjörn-Hargens

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Title: Sean Esbjörn-Hargens  
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Subject: Ken Wilber, Integral ecology, Frank Visser, Integral education, Michael E. Zimmerman
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Sean Esbjörn-Hargens

Sean Esbjörn-Hargens (born 1973) is an integral theorist associated with Ken Wilber's integral approach. He is a founding member of Integral Institute. Esbjorn-Hargens is a professor of Integral Studies at John F. Kennedy University. He has made substantial contributions to the creation of the fields of integral ecology, integral education, and integral research.


Esbjörn-Hargens has worked to establish Integral Theory as a legitimate academic field of discourse by creating two master's degrees at John F. Kennedy University based on AQAL (one in Integral Psychology and one in Integral Theory), and one at Fielding Graduate University in Organizational Management and Development. He has published over a dozen articles in various academic journals, founded the academic peer-reviewed Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, co-authoried the first academic text book application of the Integral model: Integral Ecology: Uniting Multiple Perspectives on Nature (2009); co-founded an academic conference devoted to the AQAL model; and founded the Integral Research Center which supports graduate students in doing mixed-methods research using the Integral model.

He is a practitioner of both Tibetan Buddhism (Shangpa Kagyu linage) and A. H. Almaas’ Diamond Approach.



  • Integral Ecology: Uniting Multiple Perspectives on the Natural World (Random House/Integral Books, 2009), ISBN 978-1-59030-466-2
  • co-edited: The Simple Feeling of Being: Embracing Your True Nature (Shambhala, 2004).


  • Hargens, S. (2001). “Intersubjective Musings: A Response to Christian de Quincey’s ‘The Promise of Integralism,’” in Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 no. 12 pp. 35-78.
  • Hargens, S. (2002). “Integral development: Taking the middle path towards Gross National Happiness”, in Journal of Bhutan Studies Vol 6. Summer pp. 24–87.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2005). “Integral Ecology: The What, Who, and How of Environmental Phenomena,” in World Futures Vol 61, No. 1-2. pp. 5–49.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2006). “Integral Education By Design: How Integral Theory Informs Teaching, Learning, and Curriculum in a Graduate Program” in ReVision 28 (3), p. 21-29.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2006). “Integral Research: A multi-method approach to investigating phenomena,” in Constructivism and the Human Sciences 11 (1-2) pp 79–107.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2006). “Integral Ecology: A Postmetaphysical Approach to Environmental Phenomena,” in AQAL: Journal of Integral Theory and Practice Vol 1, No. 1.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S., & Wilber, K. (2006). Towards a comprehensive integration of science and religion: A post-metaphysical approach, in The Oxford Handbook of Science and Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press pp 523 – 546.
  • Gordon, G., & Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2007). “Are We Having Fun Yet? An Exploration of the Transformative Power of Play,” in Journal of Humanistic Psychology 35 (1) p. 198-222.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2007). “Integral Teacher, Integral Students, Integral Classroom: Applying Integral Theory to Education,” in AQAL: Journal of Integral Theory and Practice Vol 2, No. 2.
  • Gordon, G., & Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (2007). “Integral Play: An Exploration of the Playground and the Evolution of the Player,” in AQAL: Journal of Integral Theory and Practice Vol 2, No. 3.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. & Zimmerman, M. E. (2008). “Integral Ecological Research: Using IMP to Examine Animals and Sustainability” in AQAL: Journal of Integral Theory and Practice Vol 3, No. 1.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. & Zimmerman, M. E. & (2008). “Integral Ecology” Callicott, J. B. & Frodeman, R. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. New York: Macmillan Library Reference.
  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S., & Wilber, K. (2008). “Integral Psychology” in The Corsini’s Encyclopedia of Psychology. 4th Edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Special issues

  • Esbjörn-Hargens, S. (Ed.) (2005). Integral Ecology special issue of World Futures Vol 61, No. 1-2. 163 pages.

External links

  • Sean Esbjörn-Hargens website
  • John F. Kennedy University's Integral Studies Department
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