World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Semyon Trofimovich Bychkov

Article Id: WHEBN0024351128
Reproduction Date:

Title: Semyon Trofimovich Bychkov  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of World War II aces from the Soviet Union, Bychkov
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Semyon Trofimovich Bychkov

This article is about the World War II pilot. For the conductor, see Semyon Mayevich Bychkov.
Semyon Bychkov
Born (1918-05-15)May 15, 1918
Died November 4, 1946(1946-11-04) (aged 28)
Allegiance  Soviet Union, Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1939-1943 (SAF), 1943-1945 (L)
Rank Captain, Major
Orders of the Red Banner (2)
Ostvolk Medal 2nd class with swords

Semyon Trofimovich Bychkov (Russian: Семён Трофимович Бычков, 15 May 1918—4 November 1946) was a Soviet military pilot during World War II. He served first in Soviet Air Forces, where he downed seventeen German aircraft,[1] then on the opposite side. Bychkov co-founded the 1st Aircraft Regiment of the Committee of Liberation Movement of People of Russia, under the auspices of Russian Liberation Army (ROA)[1] and was awarded the German Ostvolk Medal 2nd class with swords.[2]

In April 1945 Bychkov surrendered to the Third United States Army, but was handed back to the Soviets, who executed him by shooting. On March 21, 1947 Bychkov was posthumously stripped of all Soviet awards.[1]


Bychkov was born in the village of Petrovka, Voronezh Oblast. In 1939 he was drafted into the Red Army and detached to aviation. Bychkov graduated from Borisoglebsk Red Banner Flying School and continued his education in the 12th Reserve Aircraft Regiment. He fought at the Western and Northwestern Front of the Eastern Theatre of World War II.

In July 1942 Bychkov was sentenced by a military tribunal to five years in a labor camp for a crash. On October 1 the War Council lifted the sentence and Bychkov continued his service. By August, 1943 he had participated in sixty air combats and downed seventeen German aircraft. on 2 September 2, 1943 he received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.[1]

On 10 December 1943 Bychkov was downed by anti-aircraft fire and captured in an unconscious state. After recovering in a German hospital Bychkov was sent to a camp for imprisoned pilots in Suwałki.

In 1944 he agreed to collaborate with the Germans and Bychkov co-founded the 1st Aircraft Regiment of the Committee of Liberation Movement of People of Russia, under the auspices of Russian Liberation Army (ROA) and was awarded the German Ostvolk Medal 2nd class with swords. Bychkov then participated in anti-guerrilla warfare around Dvinsk and became the chief of night-time bombing in the ROA.[3]

At the end of the war, together with other members of Vlasov's army, Bychkov surrendered to the 12th Corps of the American 3rd Army. In September he was transferred from Cherbourg and handed over to the Soviets.

On 24 August 1946 Bychkov was charged by the tribunal of Moscow Military District and sentenced to death. The next day Bychkov submitted an appeal for pardon, but it was rejected and the sentence was executed on 4 November of the same year. On 21 March 1947 he was posthumously stripped of all honors that had been awarded to him by the Soviet Union.[1]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.