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Shatrughna

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Title: Shatrughna  
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Subject: Ramayana, Glossary of Hinduism terms, Lavanasura, Dasharatha, Putrakameshti
Collection: Ikshvaku Dynasty, Members of the Ikshvaku Clan in the Ramayana
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Shatrughna

Satrughna, the youngest brother of Rama.


Shatrughna(Sanskrit: शत्रुघ्न Śatrughna, Indonesian: Satrugna, Thai: พระสัตรุด, Burmese: Tharugana, Tamil: சத்துருகனன், Malay: Citradan, Khmer: ព្រះសុត្រុត) was the youngest brother of Lord Rama in the Hindu epic Ramayana. He is the twin brother of Lakshmana. According to Valmiki Ramayana, Shatrughna is one half component of manifest Vishnu(Rama). He is identified with Aniruddha of Chaturvyuha.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Birth & Family 2
  • Rama's Exile 3
  • Rebuked Manthara 4
  • The slaying Of Lavanasura 5

Etymology

In Sanskrit, the word Shatrughna meanns 'killer of enemies'.

Birth & Family

Shatrughna was born to the virtuous king of Ayodhya, Dasharatha and his third wife, Queen Sumitra. Dasharatha's other two wives, Kaushalya and Kaikeyi, had sons as well. Kaushalya had Rama and Kaikeyi had Bharata who were Shatrughna's half-brothers. Shatrughna had a twin brother called Lakshmana. Shatrughna's name means "destroyer of enemies". Shatrughna was married to Shrutakirti, the daughter of Kushadhwaja(Janaka's younger brother). Shrutakeerti was a cousin of Sita. He is supposed to be the reincarnation of Vishnu's sacred conch. Shatrughna had two sons - Shurasena and Yupaketu.

Rama's Exile

Bharata and Shatrughna leave for Kaikeya, taking leave from Dasharatha, Rama and Lakshmana

When Rama is exiled, Shatrughna drags Kaikeyi's old nurse Manthara(who was responsible for poisoning the queen's mind against Rama) and makes an attack to kill her, but he is restrained by Bharata who feels that Rama would not approve.

Bharata goes to Rama and asks him to come back to Ayodhya but Rama refuses. Bharata rules Ayodhya from Nandigramam and is an excellent leader, often referred to as the avatar of dharma. Though Bharata was the king designate of Ayodhya during Rama's exile, it was Shatrughna who took care of the administration of the whole kingdom, during Rama's absence. Shatrughna also was the only solace for the three Queen mothers during the absence of Rama, Lakshman and Bharata from Ayodhya.

Rebuked Manthara

Manthara appears only once in the Ramayan after Rama's banishment. Having been rewarded by Kaikeyi with costly clothing and jewels, she is walking in the palace gardens when Bharata and his half-brother Shatrughna come upon her. Seeing her, Shatrughna flies into a violent rage over Rama's banishment and assaults her murderously. Kaikeyi begs Bharata to save her, which he does, telling Shatrughna that it is a sin to kill a woman and that Rama would be furious with them both if he does such a thing. He relents and the brothers leave, while Kaikeyi attempts to comfort Manthara.

The slaying Of Lavanasura

Satrughna slays Lavana

Although he plays a relatively minor role in the Ramayana, Shatrughna is important to the main story and goal of the epic. His chief exploit is the killing of Lavanasura the demon King of Mathura, who was a nephew of Ravana the King of Lanka slain by Rama.

Lavanasura was the son of Madhu, the pious demon-king after whom the city of Mathura was named. Madhu's wife and Lavanusara's mother was Kumbhini, a sister of Ravana. Lavanasura was the holder of the divine Trishula(Trident) of Lord Shiva and nobody was able to kill him or prevent

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