World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shaykh Junayd

Article Id: WHEBN0023820660
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shaykh Junayd  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mausoleum of Sheikh Juneyd, Shaykh Haydar, Safavid dynasty, Siege of Trebizond (1461), Buyruks
Collection: 1460 Deaths, Kurdish Sufis, Safavid Dynasty, Safaviyeh Order, Year of Birth Unknown
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Shaykh Junayd

Sheikh Junayd (died 1460) was the son of Shaykh Ibrahim. After the death of his father, he assumed the leadership of the Safaviyya from 1447-1460.


  • History 1
  • Succession 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4


Under Junayd, the Safaviyya was transformed from a Shi’i sentiments, and in particular those of the Twelver ghulat.[1][2] Junayd was viewed as a divine incarnation by his followers.[3][4]

During his time in Ardabil, Junayd attracted so many disciples that in 1448, Jahan Shah (the Kara Koyunlu prince) drove him into exile to Anatolia and Syria. While there, he engaged in missionary activities and accumulated Turkmen followers.[5] He then went to the court of Uzun Hassan at Diyarbakır, where he married Uzun Hassan’s sister, Khadija Begum, somewhere between 1456-1459.[6]

Junayd was prevented from returning to Ardabil, so he lived at Shirvan where he died in a local skirmish near the Samur River in what is modern Azerbaijan, where he was buried. This led to the beginning of animosity between the mainly Sunni Shirvanshah and the increasingly heterodox Shi’i Safaviyya.[7]

Mausoleum of Sheikh Juneyd is located in the village of Khazra in Azerbaijan. Junayd was succeeded by his son Shaykh Haydar.


Shaykh Junayd
Preceded by
Sheikh Ibrahim Safavi
Leader of the Safaviyya
Succeeded by
Sheikh Haydar Safavi

See also


  1. ^ Vincent J. Cornell,Voices of Islam: Voices of tradition, pg.225
  2. ^ Seyyed Hossein Nasr,Traditional Islam in the modern world, pg.61
  3. ^ Jaroslav Krejčí, Anna Krejčová, Before the European challenge, pg.151
  4. ^ Farhad Daftary. The Ismāʻı̄lı̄s, pg.466
  5. ^ Kathryn Babayan, Mystics, monarchs, and messiahs, pg.139
  6. ^ Andrew J. Newman, Safavid Iran, pg.129
  7. ^ Percy Molesworth Sykes, A History of Persia, pg.240-241
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.