World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Shirley Fry

Shirley Fry Irvin
Full name Shirley June Fry Irvin
Country  United States
Born (1927-06-30) June 30, 1927 (age 87)
Akron, Ohio
Plays Right–handed
Int. Tennis HOF 1970 (member page)
Singles
Career record
Highest ranking 1
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1957)
French Open W (1951)
Wimbledon W (1956)
US Open W (1956)
Doubles
Career record
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1957)
French Open W (1950, 1951, 1952, 1953)
Wimbledon W1951, 1952, 1953)
US Open W (1951, 1952, 1953, 1954)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open F (1952)
Wimbledon W (1956)
US Open F (1951, 1955)

Shirley June Fry Irvin (June 30, 1927) is a former a World No. 1 American female tennis player who was born in Akron, Ohio, United States.

Irvin is one of seventeen persons to have won each Grand Slam singles tournament at least once during the person's career. The others are Maureen Connolly, Margaret Court, Steffi Graf, Doris Hart, Billie Jean King, Martina Navratilova, Chris Evert, Serena Williams, Don Budge, Rod Laver, Fred Perry, Roy Emerson, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal and Maria Sharapova.

Irwin also is one of only seven persons to have won each Grand Slam tournament in same-sex doubles. The others are Serena Williams, Venus Williams, Doris Hart, Margaret Court, Martina Navratilova, and Roy Emerson.

Irvin won the last three Grand Slam singles tournaments she played. Her victories in those tournaments included wins over Althea Gibson in a quarterfinal of Wimbledon in 1956 and in the finals of the 1956 U.S. Championships and 1957 Australian Championships.

At the U.S. Championships in 1942, Irvin reached the singles quarterfinals at the age of 15. At Wimbledon in 1953, Irvin and her partner Doris Hart lost a total of four games during the women's doubles tournament and won three matches without losing a game, including the semifinals and final, the latter of which was a win over Maureen Connolly Brinker and Julie Sampson Haywood.

According to John Olliff and Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Irvin was ranked in the world top ten in 1946 and 1948 and from 1950 through 1956 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 1 in those rankings in 1956.[1] Irvin was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association from 1944 through 1956. She was the top ranked U.S. player in 1956.[2]

Irvin was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1970.

Grand Slam record

  • French Championships
    • Singles champion: 1951
    • Singles runner-up: 1948, 1952
    • Women's Doubles champion: 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1948
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1952
  • Wimbledon
    • Singles champion: 1956
    • Singles runner-up: 1951
    • Women's Doubles champion: 1951, 1952, 1953
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1950, 1954
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1956
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1953
  • U.S. Championships
    • Singles champion: 1956
    • Singles runner-up: 1951
    • Women's Doubles champion: 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1951, 1955

Grand Slam singles finals

Wins (4)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1951 French Championships Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1956 Wimbledon Angela Buxton 6–3, 6–1
1956 U.S. Championships Althea Gibson 6–3, 6–4
1957 Australian Championships Althea Gibson 6–3, 6–4

Runner-ups (4)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1948 French Championships Nelly Adamson Landry 6–2, 0–6, 6–0
1951 Wimbledon Doris Hart 6–1, 6–0
1951 U.S. Championships Maureen Connolly Brinker 6–3, 1–6, 6–4
1952 French Championships Doris Hart 6–4, 6–4

Grand Slam tournament timelines

Singles

Tournament 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 Career SR
Australian Championships NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A A W 1 / 1
French Championships R R R R A A A F A QF W F SF A A A A 1 / 5
Wimbledon NH NH NH NH NH A A QF 4R QF F SF SF QF A W A 1 / 8
U.S. Championships 1R QF 1R QF 1R 1R 3R 3R 3R QF F SF SF SF QF W A 1 / 16
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 1 2 / 2 1 / 1 4 / 30

NH = tournament not held.
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
A = did not participate in the tournament.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Women's doubles

Tournament 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 Career SR
Australian Championships A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A A W 1 / 1
French Championships R R R R A A A F A W W W W A A A A 4 / 5
Wimbledon NH NH NH NH NH A A 3R SF F W W W F A SF A 3 / 8
U.S. Championships A 1R 1R QF SF SF SF SF F F W W W W F F A 4 / 15
SR 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 2 1 / 3 3 / 3 3 / 3 3 / 3 1 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 2 1 / 1 12 / 29

NH = tournament not held.
R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.
A = did not participate in the tournament.
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

External links

  • International Tennis Hall of Fame profile

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.